Speaker: Thaung Su Nyein Joint-Secretary(2), Myanmar Computer Professionals Association Managing Director, Inforithm-Maze Jerusalem, Israel (June 14-25, 2009) STATUS OF E-GOVERNMENT IN MYANMAR Agriculture-based economy Agriculture accounts for about 50% (2006 est.) of Myanmar’s GDP Agriculture 50% Industry 15% Services 35% Some Key Indicators Population - 56.5 millions Telephone - 1.1 millions Telephones per 1000 population - 19.46 Internet Subscriber - 49,880 Internet Users - 196,100 Users per 1000 population - 3.47 GDP Per Capita (2006 est.) - $1,800 Emerging Myanmar is in the beginning phases of the emerging stage of e-government development 1998 – Myanmar Computer Science Development Council established 1999 – state-owned enterprise MPT offers email 2000 – e-National Task Force established 2001 – first semi-private ISP 2001 – first Myanmar ICT Master Plan 2003 – pilot projects launched 2004 – second Myanmar ICT Master Plan (KOICA) Ministries Involved Ministry of Science & Technology ICT human resource development Has established computer science universities and colleges throughout the country Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs Oversees state owned enterprise MPT – the only telecoms company and first ISP in Myanmar Manages the second ISP (semi-private) Minister also chairs the e-National Task Force, in charge of coordinating e-government policies and development Organization Chart Myanmar Computer Science Development Council (MCSDC) Chaired by Secretary-1 of State Peace and Development Council Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs (MCPT) E-National Task Force (eNTF) Ministry of Science & Technology Government Private Sector Myanmar Computer Professionals Association (MCPA) Myanmar Computer Federation (MCF) Myanmar Computer Industry Association (MCIA) Myanmar Computer Enthusiasts Association (MCEA) Private Sector In Myanmar, huge discrepancies in ICT knowledge between government IT personnel and private IT developers Government agencies rely on private IT consultancies and developers to advise them on trends, strategies, requirements IT companies usually do complete system analysis of the departments’ needs and submit project plans Some projects are operated by private companies for a period of time before handing over fully E-Services (E-Government) Much public service provided by government, when official procedures require it, egovernment services are accepted and used widely E-Departure Forms Citizens can now file online their intent to travel out of country E-Tourist Visas Visa applications can be submitted and approved online. Established in 2003 and suspended in 2004. Now in discussion stages to revive this project Online Trade License System Companies can now apply online for export / import licenses and permits Online Education / Master Degrees 2 universities are now offering online classes, and they are successful Moving Forward Pilot projects are evidence of Myanmar government’s awareness and willingness to implement e-government Internet Penetration is the single most important factor At least 20% of population and 75% of government offices need to get connected Need quick, affordable and efficient methods of achieving the above goal (WiMax, Wifi, GPRS, 3G, ADSL, etc.) Thank You from Myanmar!