Higher education policy and
Brussels, 2 July 2014
Jeroen Van Der Zalm
Regional expert Peru
1. Development context in Peru
2. Higher Education in Peru
3. Initiatives in university cooperation
Development context in Peru
Population (2012)
- Total: 29,549,517
- Aged 15–24: 19.5%
Prognosis population by 2020
- Total: 32,435,000
- Aged 15–24: 17.5%
Economy (2012) Upper middle income country
- GDP: US$ 203.8 billion
- GDP 2002-2012: 6,4% (growth 2013: 5%)
- GDP per capita (PPP): US $ 6,796
Source: Worldbank
Poverty: 48.5% (2004) > 23.9% (2013)
Geographical inequalities: rural vs. urban
Main economic activities: Mining, manufacturing,
agriculture and fishing
Labour force: 25.8% agriculture - 17.4% industry
- 56.8% services
National priorities
Ollanta Humala (2011 – 2016)
1. Equal access to basic services;
2. Employment and social security;
3. Reduction of extreme poverty;
4. Inclusion of rural population.
Strategic Development agenda
National Centre for Strategic Planification
1. Human rights;
2. Oportunities and acces to services;
3. State and governability;
4. Economy, competition and labour;
5. Regional development and infrastructure;
6. Natural resources and environment.
2. Higher Education in Peru
Higher Education Act
- 1982: “General Law of Education”
- 1983: “University Law” (Ley Universitaria –
revised 2013).
- 1997: “Law for the promotion of private
investments in Education”
- 2009: Law Nº 28740: Creation of National
Evaluation, Acreditation and Certification System
- 2014 (26 June): New University Law
Governmental and HE Bodies
Ministry of Education – Dirección General de
Educación Superior
Board of Evaluation, Accreditation and Quality
Assurance of University Higher Education (CONEAU)
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e
Innovación (CONCYTEC)
National Assembly of Rectors (ANR)
Consejo Nacional para la Autorización de
Funcionamiento de Universidades (CONAFU)
National Higher Education Supervision agency
Types of HEI
Public University (2011: 50)
Private University (2011: 81)
Lima: 40%
Provinces: 60%
Source: ANR
Technical Higher Education Institute
Higher Pedagogical Institute
Higher Postgraduate Centre
QS University Rankings Latin America 2014
30 Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru
57 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
65 Medical/sciences Universidad Cayetano
132 Universidad Agraria de La Molina
133 Universidad de Lima
161 Universidad San Martin de Porres
Bachiller: 5-6 years
Título profesional:
Licenciado: +1 year [thesis]
(Especialista: +1 year)
Maestría: 2 years [thesis]
Doctorado: 2 years [thesis]
Specific interventions
PRONABEC - Programa Nacional de Becas y Crédito
Undergraduate scholarships - Beca 18
Postgraduate scholarships - Beca Presidente de la
Cooperation scholarships – Becas especiales (e.g.
Germany, Netherlands, China, Alianza del Pacífico, Spain,
South Korea, Japan, France, Russia, Great Britain)
Specific interventions
FINCyT (Fondo para la Innovación, Ciencia y Tecnología)
FOMITEC Framework Fund for Innovation, Science and
Technology (US$ 114 million)
Fund to promote science and technology links between the
private sector, universities and public and private research
centres (US$ 100 million)
Canon Minero
Other donors in university
Spain(Espacio Iberoamericano del Conocimiento) Pablo
Neruda Programme: biotechnology; Information
technology: sustainability, global change & environment;
Austria (OeAD) Appear programme: Bioremediation of
contaminated sites.
EU Alfa Puentes: Capacity Building of L.A. University
EU Alfa III (2007-2013): co-operation between Higher
Education Institutions of the European Union and Latin
Inter-American Development Bank Innovation
for Competitiveness project
Belgium (ARES – CCD) Institutional University
Cooperation programme with Universidad San Antonio
Abad del Cusco (UNSAAC).
World Bank & CONEAU Higher Education Quality
Improvement Project: strengthening the capacity of
universities in accreditation and quality assurance (2012-
2018: 52,17 million USD)
Germany (DAAD / DFG): 50 cooperative higher education
projects. Negotiations for more structural scientific and
technological cooperation.