Chapter 2 Lecture Notes Page

Declining/Enduring Families
Chapter 2
Approaches to family
Family Decline
• Approach that regards
recent changes in family life
as a sign that the overall
importance of family as a
social institution is eroding
Family Transformation
• Approach that maintains
that family – both as a living
arrangement and as a social
institution- is not
disappearing but instead is
becoming more diverse and
complex as it adapts to
changing social and
economic circumstances.
Drop in marriage
Delay in 1st marriage
Reduced tendency to remarry
Increase singlehood
Increase cohabitation
Increase in women working
• Less stigma
• Increase in expectations
• Less influence of religion
Consequences for children
School performance
Child abuse/neglect
Depression/Eating disorders
Generational poverty
History of Families
19th Century
Early and Mid-20th
Baby Boom
60s and beyond
Myth of the Golden Age
• High rates of domestic violence
• High rates of depression
• Parents spent less time with children
Media Images
• Compare to content analysis
• Notion of the traditional family
– Reflection hypothesis – mass media reflect the
values of the general population
Gendered Expectations and Family
• Research shows that happy mothers = happy
• Fathers more involved