Digestive and Circulatory Systems Test Click on the arrows to go forward or back. Directions • Please click to hear the question and answer choices. • Be sure to write the letter of your answer choice onto your own paper. • Feel free to listen to the questions more than one time. Question 1 What is the main function of the digestive system? A. To direct how the body responds to changes in the inside and outside of the body. B. To eliminate waste products from the body and maintain a stable internal environment. C. To obtain nutrients the body needs for energy, growth, and repairing tissues. Question 2 Which nutrient is needed in order for ALL body processes to take place? A. Carbohydrates B. Fats C. Water Question 3 3. According to the Food Guide Pyramid, which group should make up the smallest part of a person’s diet? A. Fats, Oils, Sweets B. Milk, Yogurt, Cheese C. Grains, Bread, Cereal Question 4 A food label on a cereal box includes this nutrient data: Serving size = ½ cup, and there are 100 calories per serving. You measure out the amount of cereal you plan to eat and find that it measures 1 cup. How many calories will you consume (take in)? A. 100 calories B. 150 calories C. 200 calories Questions 5 and 6 The chart below shows the nutrient data for 3 types of food. Use the chart to answer questions 5 and 6. Question 5 Which food would make the healthiest snack for someone trying to limit their fat intake? A. Chocolate milk B. Low-fat milk C. Plain yogurt Question 6 How many cups of low-fat milk would you need to provide 100% of the day’s daily value for calcium? A. 1 cup B. 2 cups C. 3 cups Question 7 The diagram below shows the organs in the digestive system. Use the diagram to answer question #7. Question 7 After the food passes through the stomach (B), what is the correct path of the food through the rest of the system? A. Parts F – E B. Parts E – F – D C. Parts C – D – E – F Questions 8 - 10 This is the simplified diagram of the digestive system. Use the diagram below to answer questions 8, 9, and 10. A B C D Question 8 In which part of the digestive system does digestion of food begin? A A. Part A B. Part B C. Part D B C D Question 9 Which part of the digestive system is indicated as part B? A. Esophagus B. Pancreas C. Small Intestine A B C D Question 10 What happens in part D? A. Mechanical digestion B. Nutrients are absorbed C. Water is absorbed A B C D Question 11 Which of the following parts of the digestive system is BEST paired with its function? A. Esophagus = chemical digestion B. Large intestine = absorbs water C. Small intestine = mechanical digestion Questions 12 and 13 This chart is a nutrition label. Use this label to answer questions 12 and 13. Question 12 What is the main ingredient in this food? A. Calories B. Peanuts C. Salt Question 13 Which nutrient do you get the most of from eating this food? A. Carbohydrates B. Fat C. Protein Question 14 What is the most important function of the circulatory system? A. To provide the structural support for the lungs and heart. B. To obtain nutrients the body needs for growth, and repairing tissues. C. To transport needed materials to body cells and remove wastes. Question 15 What is the correct path of the blood through the body? A. Heart – lungs – rest of body B. Lungs – rest of body – heart C. Heart – lungs – heart – rest of body Question 16 Where does blood go after the ventricles contract? A. Out of the heart B. Into the heart C. Into the veins Question 17 Which material does the circulatory system transport AWAY from the body’s cells? A. Oxygen B. Glucose C. Carbon Dioxide Question 18 Which statement best describes the blood in the aorta? A. The blood is going to the lungs. B. The blood is going to the heart. C. The blood is oxygen-rich Question 19 If a person’s blood was missing platelets, what process could not take place? A. Carrying oxygen to cells. B. Carrying glucose to cells. C. Clotting of blood. Question 20 If your pulse rate increases, what is happening to your heart? A. It is beating slower than before. B. It is beating the same as before. C. It is beating faster than before. Question 21 The diagram below shows 3 kinds of blood vessels in the circulatory system. Use this diagram to answer question 21. Figure A Figure B Figure C Question 21 Which type of blood vessel does Figure B represent? A. Alveolus B. Artery C. Capillary Figure B Question 22 Which of these heart structures prevents blood from flowing backward (in the heart)? A. Aorta B. Coronary Artery C. Valves Question 23 After blood leaves the heart, what path does it follow through the blood vessels? A. Arteries – Capillaries – Veins B. Arteries – Veins – Capillaries C. Capillaries – Arteries – Veins Question 24 When the heart beats, which two chambers contract first? B A. Chambers A and B B. Chambers A and C C. Chambers B and D A D C Question 25 What is the function of chambers A and B? A. To pump blood to the lungs. B. To pump blood to the body. C. To receive the blood that comes to the heart. B A Question 26 If a person’s blood was missing white blood cells, what process could not take place? A. Carrying glucose to cells. B. Clotting of blood. C. Fighting infections. Question 27 What causes blood pressure? A. The force with which the ventricles contract. B. The rate at which blood flows through the heart. C. The speed at which oxygen is added to the blood in the lungs. Question 28 and 29 The graph below shows how blood pressure changes with age. Use this graph to answer questions 28 and 29. Question 28 What can you conclude about blood pressure as people age? A. It increases for men, not for women. B. It increases for women, not for men. C. It increases for both men and women. Question 29 According to the graph, at what age would men and women probably have about the same blood pressure? A. Below age 20 B. Ages 30-34 C. Ages 45-49 Question 30 Why is exercise important for cardio-vascular health? A. It increases blood pressure. B. It strengthens the heart muscle. C. Reduces sodium in the blood. Question 31 Why is atherosclerosis (fatty build up of artery walls) especially serious when it develops in the coronary arteries or the arteries that feed the heart tissue? A. It can lead to a heart attack. B. It can make red blood cells die. C. It can then go on to affect the aorta. Question 32 People who do not have enough iron in their diets sometimes develop a condition that affects hemoglobin. Which statement best describes the result of this condition? A. The red blood cells cannot carry as much oxygen and you could be anemic. B. The heart is weaker and cannot pump as much blood. C. They have fewer platelets for clotting blood. The End You are done with your test. Be sure that you have your name on the test. You may now choose from the following options: 1. Put your head down and rest. 2. Draw or doodle on your cover page. 3. Sit and look beautiful – but do not distract others. 4. Read from your ELA (English, language arts) book. Please do not talk or distract others who are taking the test!