Chapter 16 Test Motion Unit 6

Digestive and Circulatory
Systems Test
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Question 1
What is the main function of the digestive system?
A. To direct how the body responds to changes in the
inside and outside of the body.
B. To eliminate waste products from the body and
maintain a stable internal environment.
C. To obtain nutrients the body needs for energy,
growth, and repairing tissues.
Question 2
Which nutrient is needed in order for ALL body
processes to take place?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Fats
C. Water
Question 3
3. According to the Food Guide Pyramid, which
group should make up the smallest part of a
person’s diet?
A. Fats, Oils, Sweets
B. Milk, Yogurt, Cheese
C. Grains, Bread, Cereal
Question 4
A food label on a cereal box includes this
nutrient data: Serving size = ½ cup, and
there are 100 calories per serving. You
measure out the amount of cereal you plan
to eat and find that it measures 1 cup. How
many calories will you consume (take in)?
A. 100 calories
B. 150 calories
C. 200 calories
Questions 5 and 6
The chart below shows the nutrient data for 3 types of
food. Use the chart to answer questions 5 and 6.
Question 5
Which food would make the healthiest snack for
someone trying to limit their fat intake?
A. Chocolate milk
B. Low-fat milk
C. Plain yogurt
Question 6
How many cups of low-fat milk would you need to
provide 100% of the day’s daily value for calcium?
A. 1 cup
B. 2 cups
C. 3 cups
Question 7
The diagram below shows the organs in the
digestive system. Use the diagram to answer
question #7.
Question 7
After the food passes through the stomach (B),
what is the correct path of the food through
the rest of the system?
A. Parts F – E
B. Parts E – F – D
C. Parts C – D – E – F
Questions 8 - 10
This is the simplified diagram of the digestive system.
Use the diagram below to answer questions 8, 9,
and 10.
Question 8
In which part of the digestive system does digestion of
food begin?
A. Part A
B. Part B
C. Part D
Question 9
Which part of the digestive system is indicated as part B?
A. Esophagus
B. Pancreas
C. Small Intestine
Question 10
What happens in part D?
A. Mechanical digestion
B. Nutrients are absorbed
C. Water is absorbed
Question 11
Which of the following parts of the digestive
system is BEST paired with its function?
A. Esophagus = chemical digestion
B. Large intestine = absorbs water
C. Small intestine = mechanical digestion
Questions 12 and 13
This chart is a nutrition label. Use this label to
answer questions 12 and 13.
Question 12
What is the main ingredient in this food?
A. Calories
B. Peanuts
C. Salt
Question 13
Which nutrient do you get the most of from
eating this food?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Fat
C. Protein
Question 14
What is the most important function of the
circulatory system?
A. To provide the structural support for the
lungs and heart.
B. To obtain nutrients the body needs for
growth, and repairing tissues.
C. To transport needed materials to body cells
and remove wastes.
Question 15
What is the correct path of the blood through
the body?
A. Heart – lungs – rest of body
B. Lungs – rest of body – heart
C. Heart – lungs – heart – rest of body
Question 16
Where does blood go after the ventricles
A. Out of the heart
B. Into the heart
C. Into the veins
Question 17
Which material does the circulatory system
transport AWAY from the body’s cells?
A. Oxygen
B. Glucose
C. Carbon Dioxide
Question 18
Which statement best describes the blood in the
A. The blood is going to the lungs.
B. The blood is going to the heart.
C. The blood is oxygen-rich
Question 19
If a person’s blood was missing platelets, what
process could not take place?
A. Carrying oxygen to cells.
B. Carrying glucose to cells.
C. Clotting of blood.
Question 20
If your pulse rate increases, what is happening
to your heart?
A. It is beating slower than before.
B. It is beating the same as before.
C. It is beating faster than before.
Question 21
The diagram below shows 3 kinds of blood vessels in
the circulatory system. Use this diagram to answer
question 21.
Figure A
Figure B
Figure C
Question 21
Which type of blood vessel does Figure B
A. Alveolus
B. Artery
C. Capillary
Figure B
Question 22
Which of these heart structures prevents blood
from flowing backward (in the heart)?
A. Aorta
B. Coronary Artery
C. Valves
Question 23
After blood leaves the heart, what path does it
follow through the blood vessels?
A. Arteries – Capillaries – Veins
B. Arteries – Veins – Capillaries
C. Capillaries – Arteries – Veins
Question 24
When the heart beats, which two chambers
contract first?
A. Chambers A and B
B. Chambers A and C
C. Chambers B and D
Question 25
What is the function of chambers A and B?
A. To pump blood to the lungs.
B. To pump blood to the body.
C. To receive the blood that comes to the
Question 26
If a person’s blood was missing white blood
cells, what process could not take place?
A. Carrying glucose to cells.
B. Clotting of blood.
C. Fighting infections.
Question 27
What causes blood pressure?
A. The force with which the ventricles contract.
B. The rate at which blood flows through the
C. The speed at which oxygen is added to the
blood in the lungs.
Question 28 and 29
The graph below shows how blood pressure
changes with age. Use this graph to answer
questions 28 and 29.
Question 28
What can you conclude about blood pressure as
people age?
A. It increases for men, not for women.
B. It increases for women, not for men.
C. It increases for both men and women.
Question 29
According to the graph, at what age would men
and women probably have about the same
blood pressure?
A. Below age 20
B. Ages 30-34
C. Ages 45-49
Question 30
Why is exercise important for cardio-vascular
A. It increases blood pressure.
B. It strengthens the heart muscle.
C. Reduces sodium in the blood.
Question 31
Why is atherosclerosis (fatty build up of artery
walls) especially serious when it develops
in the coronary arteries or the arteries that
feed the heart tissue?
A. It can lead to a heart attack.
B. It can make red blood cells die.
C. It can then go on to affect the aorta.
Question 32
People who do not have enough iron in their diets
sometimes develop a condition that affects
hemoglobin. Which statement best describes the
result of this condition?
A. The red blood cells cannot carry as much oxygen and
you could be anemic.
B. The heart is weaker and cannot pump as much blood.
C. They have fewer platelets for clotting blood.
The End
You are done with your test. Be sure that you have
your name on the test.
You may now choose from the following options:
1. Put your head down and rest.
2. Draw or doodle on your cover page.
3. Sit and look beautiful – but do not distract others.
4. Read from your ELA (English, language arts) book.
Please do not talk or distract others who are taking the