Learn how to identify and categorise stakeholders. Consider different stakeholder structures and responsibilities in groundwater management. Get guidance on how to maintain stakeholder participation over time. Stakeholders want to participate: ◦ To protect their interests; ◦ To get problems fixed. Stakeholders need to participate: ◦ Government decisions hard to implement without social support; ◦ Some management tasks are more efficiently carries out by stakeholders; ◦ Small aquifers require local management. Informed decision-making using stakeholder experience; Conflict prevention by development of consensus and information sharing. social benefits - promote equity among users; economic benefits - optimize pumping and reduce energy costs; technical benefits - better estimates of water abstraction. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Civil society-Consumers, NGOs, CBOs, Trade unions, Labour, media. Service providers-formal (public utilities) and informal (water vendors, farmers with water from private wells) Policy formulation and Coordinating bodiesNWC,GWP, NIWRMC Private sector- Banks-Micro financing, PPPs, and IFIs WB, AFDB Regulatory bodies River Basins Authorities Trans boundary organisations External support agencies Legislators S/N Stakeholders Examples Roles 1 Civil Society WASHCOMS, Water Users Association, NEWSAN, AUCPTRE, Climate Change Information Network, Water and Sanitation Media Network, Newspapers , TV, Radio Increase awareness . Mobilise public participation Awarenessraising, advocacy and building synergies for sustainable water financing 2 Service providers Water utilities, water vendors, Bottling companies, farmers, sewerage firms National IWRM policies and legislations determine the roles and responsibilities of the various levels of service provision In Nigeria, 3 Policy formulation and Coordinating bodies National Water Resources Council, National Integrated Water Resources Management Commission , National Sanitation Task Force, Policy formulation and C oordinating bodies Provide structures for coordination between different organisations Improved co-ordination Recommend creation of new departments or commissions /committees and authorities .An example is the new National Technical Sub Committee on IWRM 4 Local Governments LGA, LGDA etc Act as both service providers and regulators Providing information and supporting dialogue among stakeholders and policy makers Local governments use economic instruments to influence the behaviour of their citizenry. These include rate structures and charges, fees for permits as well as fines and penalties. They use regulatory instruments, such as by-laws, to influence the implementation of IWRM practices within their boundaries. S/N Stakeholder Examples Roles 5 Private sector World Bank Urban Sector reform projects, AFDB in Osun, Yobe, Taraba, Oyo states Micro finance and community banks International Financial institutions such as the World Bank, AFDB provide loans to public sector service providers for the promotion of PPPs1st and 2nd National Urban Water sector reform programme The main types of private involvement (also known as privatisation and PPP) in water service provision are through: management and service contracts, leasing, BOTs, concessions, Joint ventures and Divestiture 6 River Basins Organisations 12 River Basins Dev. Authorities in in Nigeria The River basin organisations (RBOs )deal with the water resource management issues in a river basin, a lake basin, or across an important aquifer. Their functions vary from resource management and planning, to education of basin communities, Recent innovation has focused on an Integrated River Basin management approach (IRBM), S/N Stakeholders Examples Roles 7 Regulatory bodies FMWAWR/ NIWRMC Functions are determined by National policy and legislation Allocation of water rights, Environmental management Economic regulation 8 Transboundary Organisations Lake Chad Commission, River Niger Basin Authority Trans-boundary organisations provide a framework for managing water resources across international boundaries S/N Stakeholders Examples Roles 9 External support Agencies Global water partnership, European Union, Water Aid, JICA, DFID, UNDP, UNICEF, GEF Funding support to government and CSOs Implementation of model replicable projects Support for IWRM implementation, water sector reforms Capacity building 10 Legislators National Assembly, State Assemblies, Local Govt councillors Make laws Stakeholder analysis has three steps: 1. Identify the key stakeholders that could potentially affect or be affected by changes in groundwater management. 2. Assess stakeholder interests and the potential impact of groundwater management decisions on these interests. 3. Assess the influence and importance of the identified stakeholders. A. High interest/ Importance, High Influence B. High Interest/ Importance, Low influence C. Low Interest/ Importance, High influence D. Low Interest/ Importance, Low influence Level at which function performed. Functions Water User Association Collect water use charges Groundwater monitoring Make rules on water use Policing of groundwater use Participate in setting targets Settle groundwater disputes Water Mgmt Agency National Authority minor minor minor Minor minor Inadequate attention given to government agencies as stakeholder. ◦ Functions spread across gvt. agencies; ◦ Objectives differ; ◦ Opportunity to influence other gvt. agencies. How can we get government agencies to work together? Participation can take place at all levels from the tap to governing bodies. A finely tuned balance of regulations and incentives is needed for stakeholder structures to function. Government Stakeholders ZINWA Board 4 Catchment chairpersons ZINWA Catchment council Catchment manager Sub catchment council WUA WUA WUA Are you clear why stakeholders are being mobilised – and the expected result? Often just a task to be done because it is in the work plan. Stakeholders need to be convinced of the benefit to them – many may see only disadvantages. Information, transparency, negotiation are all essential. Mechanisms: ◦ Make complex situations understandable; information is a basis for discussion; ◦ Empower stakeholder organisations so that they have real responsibility; ◦ Ensure all stakeholders are represented; ◦ Where necessary, establish a sound groundwater rights system. 1. 2. 3. 4. The Water Directors/Managers will present to stakeholders a proposed scheme to charge for groundwater use, monitoring and pollution management. The stakeholders will respond with questions and comments on the proposals according to their specific interests(irrigations/commercial agriculture, subsistence agriculture, industries, municipal, utility, household users etc 10 minutes to organise yourselves and your ideas 20 minutes for debriefing and questions/comments Wegovernment have just WhatGood role News. should play in participatory successfully drafted a groundwater policy paper on management? groundwater management.