Id Ego Superego

Bellwork – May 2, 2014
0 Schadenfreude (pronounced shodden-froid-
uh) is the German word for taking pleasure
out of the misery of others (yes, they have a
word for it ).
0 ON YOUR HANDOUT, choose one character from
Lord of the Flies that you think best embodies this
0 Write a 2-3 sentence response, including
embedded and cited text evidence explaining
how this character embodies the concept of
Friday Fun with Dr. Freud
0 Psychologist Sigmund
Freud believed that
humans were a balance
of three modes of
0 Id
0 Ego
0 Superego
Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory
of Personality
0 Personality is composed of three elements
0 ID
0 The three elements work together to create complex
human behaviors
The ID
0 Present at birth
0 Entirely unconscious
0 Includes primitive and instinctive behavior
The ID
0 Driven by the pleasure principle
0 Strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and
0 If needs are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state of
anxiety or tension
0 Example: baby who’s hungry cries because he is not fed
0 Important early in life because it ensures all an infant’s needs
are met
The ID
0 Realistically, all your needs cannot be immediately
0 If people were ruled entirely by the ID (the pleasure
principle), we would grab what we wanted in order to
satisfy cravings
0 This behavior is disruptive and socially unacceptable
0 Sally was thirsty. Rather than waiting for the server to
refill her glass of water, she reached across the table and
drank from Mr. Smith’s water glass, much to his
0 Responsible for dealing with reality
0 Develops to ensure that the ID’s impulses can be
expressed in an acceptable manner
0 Operates based on the reality principle
0 Strives to satisfy the ID’s needs in realistic and socially appropriate
0 Weighs the costs and benefits of an action before acting on or
abandoning impulses
0 EGO will allow the behavior but in an appropriate time and place
0 In line at the salad bar, Amy really wanted to shove a handful of
croutons into her mouth. However, since her boss was there, she
decided to wait another minute or two until she sat down to eat.
0 Last component of the personality to develop
0 Aspect of the personality that holds all the moral
standards and ideals that are acquired from society
0 Sense of right and wrong
0 Provides guidelines for making judgments
0 Begins to emerge around age 5
The SUPEREGO in two parts
0 The “Ideal” Ego
0 Includes the rules and standards for proper behavior
0 Obeying the rules leads to a feeling of pride, value,
and accomplishment
0 The Conscience
0 Also includes information about what is viewed as
improper behavior by parents or society
0 Improper behavior is often forbidden and leads to
poor consequences, punishments, or feelings of guilt
Operates according to the ideal/moral principle
Acts to perfect and civilize behavior
Works to suppress all unacceptable urges of the ID
Struggles to make the EGO act on idealistic standards rather
than realistic ones
0 Will had worked hard all season to break the school record
in cross-country. During his last race he had the
opportunity to cut a corner and therefore lower his time,
because no officials were watching that part of the
course. As much as he wanted to break the school record,
Will knew he wouldn’t feel good about himself if he
cheated, so he stuck to the course and ran as fast as he
The Interaction
0 The id, ego and superego work together in creating a behavior.
The id creates the demands, the ego adds the needs of reality
with the superego adds morality to the action which is taken.
0 Although, with conflicting emotions, conflict arises among the
0 EGO is the strongest because of its ability to function despite
these dueling forces
0 A person with ego strength is able to effectively manage
these pressures, while those with too much or too little ego
strength become too self-righteous or too disruptive
As an Allegory for LOTF…?
0 Which character does only what he wants and is
therefore representative of the ID?
0 Which character tries to be realistic and is therefore
representative of the EGO?
0 Which character is most idealistic and is therefore
representative of the SUPEREGO?
0 What conflicts occur between the characters who
represent the ID, EGO, and SUPEREGO?
The YouTube Patients
0 A series of patients have submitted their
videos to you for official diagnosis.
0 It is up to you to diagnose these people as
primarily id, ego, or superego.
0 After each video, discuss how you should diagnose
this patient with your table colleagues.
0 Write your response in the designated area
underneath each patient.
YouTube Patient #1
0 Gender: Female
0 Age: 18
0 Occupation: Witch
0 Is she id, ego, or superego? The diagnosis is
your call!
YouTube Patient #2
0 Gender: Male(s)
0 Age: 40
0 Occupation: Lawyer (turned Lost Boy)
YouTube Patient #3
0 Gender: Male
0 Age: 30 maybe
0 Occupation: Side-Kick to evil royal advisor
Independent Practice
0 On your own, diagnose one character from Lord of the
Flies as either id, ego, or superego.
0 You may also choose one character who primarily
exhibits schadenfreude-like behavior.
0 On the back of your handout, fill the character head
outline with the following:
0 ONE illustration in the center that reflects something that
character frequently thinks about
0 THREE cited quotes from the novel that support your
0 Be sure that your quotes & illustration are done in a
colorful, creative manner.
Schadenfreude at Work 