Historical Globalization in Canada

How did Historical
Globalization Affect
The Fur Trade
• Established trading companies
searched to obtain the furs of
many wild animals from native
trappers. Voyageurs and
coureurs du bois travelled the
rivers of Canada, learning a
great deal about survival in the
wilderness from the native
people. In exchange, native
people were able to purchase
European made goods, such
as metal pots and pans,
blankets, snares, weapons,
and tools that made their lives
easier. Alcohol was often used
as a trading tool as well.
As we study this course, keep the
following factors in mind:
What was the impact of the Fur
Trade to Native Societies?
• Create a list here…
Treaties in Canada were
• Indian treaties from
1725 - 1923
Two groups:
treaties were made with
the Crown through
representatives of the
British Government.
treaties were made with
the Government of
Impact of Treaties
Indian Act 1876 – Goal to Assimilate
• The Civilization of
Indian Tribes Act
expressly makes
assimilation of Native
people its goal. It is
declared that Indians who
are "sufficiently advanced
education wise or
capable of managing their
own affairs" will be
Ceremonies Banned to
assimilate Natives
• Outlawed Native
ceremonies such as
Thirst Dance (Sun
• Potlatch (Chinook
trading language,
meaning ‘to give’) in
British Columbia.
Potlatch is the
equivalent of title deeds
and acts of succession.
Enfranchisement to
assimilate Natives
• Enfranchisement - the legal
processes by which Native
peoples lost their Native status
under the Indian Act.
Women who married nonNative men and any children
from that union lost their
Status. These women were
allowed to apply for reenfranchisement through the
passing of Bill C-31 in 1985
Residential Schools to
assimilate Natives
• In 1907, Dr. Peter Bryce,
former Medical Inspector
for the Department of
Indian Affairs, determined
that between 25 and 50
% of Aboriginal students
who attended these
schools died as a result
of disease, raciallymotivated abuse or some
other reason.Source:
Hidden from History: The
Canadian Holocaust
Native Vote Granted in 1960
• Canadian Status
Indians gain the right
to vote in Federal
Elections in 1960.
• Ottawa begins to
phase out Residential
Schools (the last one
closes 1988)
How would the perspectives differ
regarding Native Assimilation?
• British Perspective
Native Perspective
• What do the differing perspectives on
cultural suppression/assimilation suggest
about the importance of understanding the
effects of cultural contact?
List 10 important cultural
ceremonies that you, as a
Canadian, like to participate in…
Residential Schools
• Watch the following videos on Candian
Residential Schools
• We were not savages…
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGgAOVbTs1Y
• Indian Residential School abuse…
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p1tiQB8gt5g
Chapter 7 – Read portions and answer
Watch short video clip and submit your
questions and answers to the dropbox.