Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Welcome to APUSH! Happy Tuesday! Where else would
you rather be? APUSH loves you. 115 days until the
Key Concepts
• Key Concept 6.2, II, B: “The competition for land in
the West among white settlers, Indians, and
Mexican Americans led to an increase in violent
• Key Concept 6.2, II, C: “The U.S. government
generally responded to American Indian resistance
with military force, eventually dispersing tribes onto
small reservations and hoping to end American
Indian tribal identities through assimilation.”
Document #1
Document #1
• 1. What is the message of the excerpt?
• 2. What is the author’s point of view of Native
• 3. What is another “dance” that the Native Americans
performed that was viewed negatively by the US
Document #2
• Tell General Howard that I know his heart. What he told
me before I have in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Our
chiefs are killed. Looking Glass is dead, Tu-hul-hil-sote is
dead. the old men are all dead. It is the young men who
now say yes or no. He who led the young men [Joseph's
brother Alikut] is dead. It is cold and we have no blankets.
The little children are freezing to death. My people -- some
of them have run away to the hills and have no blankets
and no food. No one knows where they are -- perhaps
freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my
children and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I
shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs, my
heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will
fight no more against the white man.
▫ Chief Joseph at his surrender, 1877
Document #2
• 1. What is the message of this document?
• 2. What were reasons for conflicts between Natives
and the US government?
Document #3
Document #3
• 1. Describe the map:
• 2. Why were RRs built during this time?
• 3. How did the government encourage RR
Document #4
• “The President of the United States…hereby is authorized,
whenever in his opinion any reservation or any part thereof…is
advantageous for agricultural and grazing purposes…to allot the
lands in said reservation in severalty to any Indian located
thereon in quantities as follows:
To each head of family, one-quarter of a section;
To each single person over eighteen years of age, one eighth
of a section;
To each single orphan child under eighteen years of age,
one eighth of a section…
• Every Indian born within the territorial limits of the United
States to whom allotments shall have been made…who has
voluntarily taken up, within said limits his residence separate
and apart from any tribe of Indians therein, and has adopted
that habits of civilized life, is hereby declared a citizen of the
United States.”
• The Dawes Severalty Act, 1887
Document #4
• 1. What was the purpose of this act?
• 2. How did this act change Native American lifestyle?
• 3. What does assimilation mean? What were other
ways the US sought to assimilate Native Americans?
Document #5
Document #5
• 1. Purpose of the Ghost Dance, GO!
• 2. How did the US government respond?
Big Idea Question
• Why did the US increase westward expansion postCivil War, and how did this impact Native Americans?