Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation When and Why? PNF stretching can be used to increase strength, flexibility, and coordination. PNF is generally used as a rehabilitation technique helping to bring back range of motion. PNF stretching is stretching that includes the muscle being stretched, contracted, then stretched again. For the contraction period the person being stretched will push in the opposite direction of the stretch. Principals for Proper Use 1. The athlete must be taught a brief description of what is being done. 2. Use firm and simple commands: Push, Pull, Hold, and Relax. 3. Stronger components are emphasized to facilitate the weaker components of a movement pattern. Principals for Proper Use Cont. 4. Amount of resistance should facilitate a maximal response that allows smooth coordinated movement. 5. Pressing joints together causes increased stability, where as traction pulls the joint apart and facilitates movement. 6. Giving a quick stretch causes a reflex contraction of that muscle. What’s Happening? The initial movement is in the direction of the stretch Next the athlete pushes in a direction against the stretch The last movement is a repeat of the initial Some More Pictures ANY QUESTIONS?