Simple Sentences A diagram is a visual outline of a sentence It shows the relationships among words or groups of words in a sentence. Diagramming serves two purposes Helps you understand how a sentence is put together Identifies errors in a sentence and makes clear why they are errors Simple Sentences In a diagram the subject, the verb, the direct object, and the subject or object complement go on the main horizontal line. Sentence: Galaxies contain stars. Galaxies contain stars Simple Sentences The subject is separated from the verb by a vertical line that cuts through the horizontal line The line to separate a verb from a direct object is also vertical but does not cut through the line. The line to separate a subject complement from a verb slants to left. Subject Compliment Sentence: The Milky Way is a galaxy. Milky Way is galaxy Object Compliment An object complement is placed on the horizontal line after a line slanting right Sentence: The astronomy club elected Jaime president. club elected Jaime president Indirect Object An indirect object is placed on a horizontal line under the verb. Sentence: The astronomer gave the class a talk. astronomer gave class talk Adjectives, adverbs, and articles Placed under the words that they describe Sentence: He slowly pulled up a very large radish. He pulled up radish Prepositional Phrases Act as adjectives or adverbs Sentence: Commuters in San Francisco ride on cable cars. Commuters San Francisco ride cars You Try It 1. An important crop of France is the grape. 2. My friend in Australia sent me birthday card by email. 3. My aunt named the baby Ava. 4. Colorful pennants decorated the walls of the gym. 5. My brother composes songs for the guitar. 6. Okefenokee Swamp in Florida is an animal sanctuary. You Try It (continued) 7. The soda pop from the pop machine was warm. 8. The octopus squirts an inklike substance for its defense. 9. Mars is the fourth planet in the solar system. 10. The Empire State Building in New York is my favorite place. 11. My sister baked cookies for the school fund-raiser. 12. Tourists in St Louis visit the very impressive Gateway Arch.