The Arrangement of Rhetoric

AP English Language
Mr. Gallegos
Vocabulary Quiz
• Please pick up a copy of the
vocabulary quiz from the front table
and begin working silently. If you talk,
you will receive a zero.
• Also, please pick up a copy of “The
Classical Model” packet from the front
table. When you finish your quiz,
please read the front page of the
• Be sure to submit your rhetorical
appeals analysis essay.
Learning Objectives
• Content Objective: Students will
be able to identify the essential
components of the classical
model and analyze the use of
ethos, pathos, and logos within
the model.
• Language Objective: Students
will read the selection by Sandra
Day O’Conner and Roy Romer
and answer the questions in
complete sentences.
Key Vocabulary
• Ethos is an appeal to character by demonstrating
that the speaker is trustworthy and credible.
Ethos often stresses shared values between the
speaker and the audience.
• Logos is an appeal to logic or reason by offering
clear and rational ideas to back up your thesis, or
Key Vocabulary
• Pathos is an appeal to emotion. An argument
should never be based solely on pathos.
Figurative language, personal anecdotes, and
vivid images are commonly used.
• The introduction is used to introduce the reader
to the subject.
• The narration provides factual information and
background knowledge on the subject.
Key Vocabulary
• The confirmation includes the development of
proof needed to make the writer’s case.
• The refutation address the counterargument and
serves as a bridge between the writer’s proof and
the conclusion.
• The conclusion brings the essay to a close and
appeals to pathos and reminds the reader of the
Exit Ticket
• Please think about the following
question and then write down your
• What did you learn today that has
implications for your writing? Why is the
organization of an argument so important?
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