Document Design is CRAP

Document Design is CRAP
 Contrast
 Repetition
 Alignment
 Proximity
Contrast in Principle
 contrast aids in the organization of information
and creates hierarchy
 contrast can add clarity
 contrast can make the page/screen look more
Contrast in Practice
 to make something stand out, avoid doing
wimpy contrast—make contrast strong
 do not, however, forfeit legibility – keep it
 overusing contrast can be over-stimulating,
distracting, and annoying, ultimately
undermining it as it stands out less and less.
square, linear shape
wild, twisted shape
drab, flat gray
bright, vibrant orange
bold, bright, simple blocks
richly detailed, lively photos
conservative, serious, black
and white
Repetition in Principle
 repetition unifies elements throughout a
 repetition adds visual interest
 repetition develops organization and creates
Repetition in Practice
repeat some aspect of a design (e.g.,
horizontal rule, a certain type of bullet, a type
of font) throughout an entire page or site
again, avoid repeating an element so much
that it becomes annoying or overwhelming
level 1 heading
level 2 heading
contrast and repetition:
* orange sans-serif level 1
contrasts with blue serif
* repetition of contrasting
headings organizes
topics and subheadings
Alignment in Principle
alignment unifies and organizes the page
alignment helps create visual connections
Alignment in Practice
nothing should be placed on a page
avoid using more than two text alignments
on a page
balance image and text alignment carefully
center alignment and full alignment are
more difficult to read than right alignment
images are center aligned,
vertically arranged
text is left aligned or
left justified; headings
flush left
image arranged centered and left
of text
all bulleted items are aligned with hanging indent
Proximity in Principle
proximity helps to organize elements, imply
proximity helps with use of blank space
proximity reduces clutter
Proximity in Practice
create visual relationships with elements that
belong together
avoid too many separate elements on one
don’t stick things in the corners and in the
middle of the page
logos appear in
close proximity
alignment and proximity
•multiple, visually competing alignments create interesting look
and feel
•Proximity between images, titles, and descriptions helps to
organize the content of these various alignments so as to not let
them get too confusing
individual’s name and contact info
in close proximity
institute’s name and contact info
in close proximity
chunks of related information in close proximity,
organized by repeated organizational alignment
and simple contrasting primary colors.
It’s all just