Source A

advertisement
Complete the following Chart
Historian
General Reason for Stalin’s
Rise to Power
Historian’s argument
Robert C. Tucker/Robert
Conquest
Power Politics
Stalin wanted to gain supreme
power by gaining power over
factions—and portraying himself
as a revolutionary like Lenin
Robert Daniels
Structualist Explanations
Stalin is a product of Russian
history and the administration
bureaucracy of the CP
Shelia Fitzpatrick
Socio-Cultural Explanations
Many Russians became angry
about Foreign intervention &
peasants joined the party—these
people didn’t know Marxism,
allowing them to turn to Stalin
E.H. Carr, Alexander Erlich
and Moshe Lewin
Ideological Explanations
Stalin’s policies were a dramatic
change from the chaos of the civil
war years and the NEP
Review of Stalin’s Rise to Power
What role did ideology play in Stalin’s
rise to power?
• Stalin served in mostly
administrative role
– Editor
– Fundraiser
– General Secretary
• Lenin death brought a
power struggle
Trotsky vs. Stalin: Ideology
Trotsky
Stalin
• Permanent Revolution
• Internationalism
• Argued that Soviet Union
was too economically and
culturally behindneeded
help from other nations
• Socialism in one country
• Other nations not
needed
• Focus on building up
U.S.S.R economy and
industry
Review Source A, a source from Issac Deutscher
• What was Lenin’s plan for permanent revolution?
• Why did Stalin develop a policy of “Socialism in one country”
Push back against Trotsky
• Opponents of Trotsky argued that constant
revolution would anger other capitalist
nations
– Lead to a risk of foreign intervention
– Socialism in one nation provided more stability
• New members of the party were
peasants/workers with no knowledge of
Marxism
• Stalin created Marxism-Leninism orthodoxy
(very anti-Trotsky)
Marx
• Internationalist
Movement
• Capitalism increased
productivityled to
global economy
• Capitalism also leads to
class struggle
• Socialism then
communism
• Society could jump a
stage—but ONLY with
support of another nation
Lenin
Stalin
• Argued that factions (or
• Socialism in one country
platforms) should exist— • Destroyed the “Old
“democratic centralism”
Guard” Bolsheviks
• BUT b/c of Tsarist Russia’s • Aruged that Trotsky had
lack of democracy the
no faith in Russian people
party had to be
centralized
• Revolutionary stages
could occur very quickly
• Believed that outside
assistance was needed
What is the nature of the Stalinist
State?
• How would you define the nature of the
Stalinist state?
• Was Stalin’s government a progress of
society? Why or why not?
• Looking at qualities of Totalitarianism, was
Stalin’s state a totalitarian state?
Totalitarianism
Download
Related flashcards

Ethnic groups in Syria

18 cards

Ethnic groups in Syria

19 cards

S.H.I.E.L.D. agents

75 cards

Ethnic groups in Sudan

32 cards

European Commissioners

13 cards

Create Flashcards