Theoretical notions on cooperation for the provision of public goods

advertisement
Collaboration for public goods
Gerard Breeman
Katrien Termeer
Wageningen University
Elinor Ostrom
Garrett Hardin
People can and do work
together to manage
common resources —
grazing lands, forests,
irrigation waters, fisheries—
sustainably and equitably
over the long term.
Debunks popular theories
that resource management
can only occur under the
auspices of either “the
state” or “the market.”
Public goods
Excludable
Non excludable
Rivalrous
Private goods
- bread
Common goods/pool
resources
-fish stocks
-fresh water
-timber
Non rivalrous
Club goods
-cinema
Public goods:
- Fresh air
- Water storage
- Landscape
- Biking routes
Eurovissers
Organizing collectives
2.
Negotiating
with government
1.
Organizing
trust and
mandates
3.
Connecting
with
society
Robert Putnam
1. ORGANZING TRUST, MANDATES,
PRACTICALITIES
2 times collective trust
I trust you
We trust you
I trust you
I trust you
We trust you
We trust you
Why do farmers collaborate in collectives?
Underlying values:
Pragmatics:
 Autonomy
 Social bonding
 What’s in it for me? Let’s
● We (collectiveness)
● Mutual trust
 Spatial bonding (identity)
● Enduring
connectedness
● Pride
● Unique
calculate..
 Is this the right moment?
 What about my
neighbors?
 Will it be successful?
 Simply don’t like it
Ladder of collaboration in collectives
 Acting as one collective
 Implementing policies, controlling, paying
 Contracting, transfer of responsibilities
 Joint development of visions and activities
 Mutual learning
 Shared services
 Interest representation
 Acting as individual farmers
collective
Design principles Ostrom
1. Clearly defined boundaries
2. Congruence between costs and benefits
3. Flexible rules
4. Monitoring
5. Graduated sanctions
6. Conflict-resolution mechanisms
7. Minimal recognition of rights to organize by
governments
8. Nested enterprises
2. LINKING WITH GOVERNMENT
Collectives in heavily regulated policy fields
 Schemes and Regulations: multilevel (EU, national,
local); multi policy domains (agriculture, nature, climate,
health etc.)
 Constraints and advantages (e.g. payments)
 Negotiation with governmental actors in order to create
space for collective arrangements for the (self-)
management of natural resources.
Politics of self governance
Ladder of self governance
Collective (C) in the steering seat
 Devolution of responsibilities/resources
 C implements elements/ strict frameworks
 Joint development of visions and activities
 C assists G fine-tuning regulations
 C provides information to G
Government (G) in the steering seat
government
Politics of self governance
 Two steps
● Public authorities approve a form of selfgovernance
● Developing a set of arrangements that will enable
the devolution of the obligations and objectives of
the policy-makers to the self-governing community,
and that will ensure that policy goals are
safeguarded
 Relational contracting: shared understandings underpin
the contract, focus on preserving the relationship
 Leadership from the site of the government and the
collective
Selfgoverning
collective
Devolution of
governmental
responsibilities
3. CONNECTING WITH SOCIETAL ACTORS
Connecting strategies
 Organizing trust and mandates
 Licence to produce
 Communication
 New connections
 Social media
Farmers, beer and water
Pitfalls and opportunities
Connecting
with society
Organizing
trust and
mandates
Negotiating with
government
Download
Random flashcards
State Flags

50 Cards Education

Countries of Europe

44 Cards Education

Art History

20 Cards StudyJedi

Sign language alphabet

26 Cards StudyJedi

Create flashcards