Chapter 2 - Mr. Zittle`s Classroom

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New World Exploration
 What was the European background to the
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colonization of North America?
What kind of an empire did the Spanish create in the
New World, and why did it extend into North
America?
In what ways did the exchange of peoples, crops,
animals, and diseases shape the experience of
European colonists and American natives?
What was the French role in the beginning of the
North American fur trade?
Why did England enter the race for the colonies?
List as many things as you can think of from your
knowledge of world history. 3 minutes…
 Based on what you have learned (and your prior
knowledge), use the B.A.R. format to develop a thesis
statement to answer the following essay question (feel free
to use your book to help with names, dates, key words, and
chronology).
Analyze and explain the motivations of Western European
monarchies in the 15th Century that launched what we now call the
Age of Exploration.
Background
(time, place,
context)
Argument
(What is your
position)
Roadmap
(How will you
structure your
argument)
Background
Argument
Roadmap
 Author:
 Who created the source?
 What do you know about the author?
 What is the author’s point of view?
 Place and Time:
 Where and when was the source produced?
 How might this affect the meaning of the source?
 Prior Knowledge:
 Beyond the text, what do you know to help you with the source?
 Audience:
 For whom was the source created and how might this affect the
reliability of the source?
 Reason:
 Why was it produced?
 The Main Idea:
 What point is the source trying to convey?
 Significance:
 So, why is this source important?
 Indians labor and Spanish lords protect Indians
Equivalent to slavery
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Corn
Horses
Typhus
Turkey
Tobacco
Grapes
Sugar cane
Bananas
Coffee Beans
Peaches
Wheat
Bees
Whooping cough
 What were the effects in the “New World?”
 What were the effects in the “Old World?”
 Racially mixed population develops on a “frontier of
inclusion.”
What were the key
differences
between
France/England’s
new world
ambitions vs
Spain?
 1517: Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation
 Huguenots: Protestant John Calvin’s followers in
France
 Merchants and members of the middle class
 Jean Ribault, planted first French colonies in South
Carolina and Florida (religious refuge)
 Spanish destroyed French colony in Florida.
 1565: Spanish St. Augustine established
 English “Sea Dogs”
 Queen Elizabeth I founds colonies
 Bases, no more trade with Asia, home for the
homeless
 Newfoundland and Roanoke.
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