New World Exploration What was the European background to the colonization of North America? What kind of an empire did the Spanish create in the New World, and why did it extend into North America? In what ways did the exchange of peoples, crops, animals, and diseases shape the experience of European colonists and American natives? What was the French role in the beginning of the North American fur trade? Why did England enter the race for the colonies? List as many things as you can think of from your knowledge of world history. 3 minutes… Based on what you have learned (and your prior knowledge), use the B.A.R. format to develop a thesis statement to answer the following essay question (feel free to use your book to help with names, dates, key words, and chronology). Analyze and explain the motivations of Western European monarchies in the 15th Century that launched what we now call the Age of Exploration. Background (time, place, context) Argument (What is your position) Roadmap (How will you structure your argument) Background Argument Roadmap Author: Who created the source? What do you know about the author? What is the author’s point of view? Place and Time: Where and when was the source produced? How might this affect the meaning of the source? Prior Knowledge: Beyond the text, what do you know to help you with the source? Audience: For whom was the source created and how might this affect the reliability of the source? Reason: Why was it produced? The Main Idea: What point is the source trying to convey? Significance: So, why is this source important? Indians labor and Spanish lords protect Indians Equivalent to slavery Corn Horses Typhus Turkey Tobacco Grapes Sugar cane Bananas Coffee Beans Peaches Wheat Bees Whooping cough What were the effects in the “New World?” What were the effects in the “Old World?” Racially mixed population develops on a “frontier of inclusion.” What were the key differences between France/England’s new world ambitions vs Spain? 1517: Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Huguenots: Protestant John Calvin’s followers in France Merchants and members of the middle class Jean Ribault, planted first French colonies in South Carolina and Florida (religious refuge) Spanish destroyed French colony in Florida. 1565: Spanish St. Augustine established English “Sea Dogs” Queen Elizabeth I founds colonies Bases, no more trade with Asia, home for the homeless Newfoundland and Roanoke.