AP World History Chapter 24 Study Guide Name: ________________________________ Per.: _________ Important Terms, People, and Ideas Audiencias Aztec Empire Christianity Columbian Exchange Conquistadores Criollos East India Company Enconmienda Engenho Hacienda Inca Empire Indentured labor Manila Manila Galleons Mestizo Mulattoes Peninsualres Quinto Repartimiento Taino Treaty of Tordesillas United East India Company Zambos Study Questions 1. Consider the impact of the encomienda system of land distribution on the future of Spanish America. 2. How did Pizarro conquer the Inca Empire with 180 men? 3. What kinds of communities were established in the New World colonies of Portugal and Spain? How were they organized? How were they governed? 4. Compare the French and English settlements of North America. What kind of settlers came to each? How did these colonies differ from the Iberian colonies further south? 5. What determined the social hierarchy in the Iberian colonies? Who tended to have wealth and power? 6. What was the basis of the economy of the Spanish empire? Who profited most from this? 7. Explain how sugar production came to dictate so much of colonial Brazilian life. AP World History Chapter 24 Study Guide Name: ________________________________ Per.: _________ 8. What became the basis of the economy and settlement in the North American colonies of France and England? 9. When and how did slavery come to North America? How did the arrival of slavery impact the societies that emerged there? 10. What was distinctive about the European exploration and settlement of Australia? Inquiry Questions 11. How was such a small Spanish force able to bring down the Aztec Empire? What specific advantages did the Spanish enjoy? In what ways were the Aztecs vulnerable? 12. Compare the treatment of indigenous peoples by the Spanish in Mexico, the Portuguese in Brazil, and the French and British in North America. 13. One of the rationales for overseas colonization was the need to bring primitive peoples to Christianity. How successful were the colonists in these efforts?