Job Safety Analysis Training Andrea Obregon Meagan Ayers Ian Hopkins Thank You Northwest Ohio Regional Managers of Gadget Central For Attending Our Training Session! Ice Breaker Are You Smarter th Than A 5 Grader? Rules 4 Teams 1 Point for Each Correct Answer 1 Question for Each Grade 10 – 15 Seconds to hold up your board with your answer Final Question (Million Dollar Question) – Wager your current amount of points 1st Grade Art Q. Which of the following is NOT a primary color? A. Red B. Blue C. Yellow D. Green Correct Answer: D. Green. Green is a secondary color comprised of blue and yellow 2nd Grade Science Q. The ocean’s tides are caused by the _______? A. Moon B. Wind C. Sun D. Temperature Correct Answer: A. Moon The Moon causes the tides 3rd Grade Biology Q. How many stomachs does a Cow have? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 Correct Answer: D. 4 4th Grade Music Q. The first operas were performed in which country? A. France B. Germany C. Italy D. England Correct Answer: C. Italy 5th Grade U.S. Geography Q. What is the capital of Florida? A. Orlando B. Jacksonville C. Miami D. Tallahassee Correct Answer: D. Tallahassee Million Dollar Question Category is: 5th Grade U.S. History *Make Your Wagers* th 5 Grade U.S. History Q. Which of these was invented first? A. Television B. Frozen Food C. Lie Detector D. Pop-up Toaster Correct Answer: D. Pop-up Toaster (1919) Lie Detector(1921), Frozen Food and TV (1923) Background – Gadget Central Thank You Managers of the Northwest Ohio Region Founded in 1924 Out of Nashville, TN Now, 2,000 Locations Worldwide! GREAT Customer Service Sell: Electronics, Computers and Media (Such as CD’s, DVD’s, Video Games, Etc…) Purpose Of Training Increased Incidents and Accidents Increased Lost Wages 2009 – Lost $111,000 In Workers Compensation and Lost Wages From 37 Incidents 2010 Goal –25 Incidents Maximum and $75,000 In Workers Compensation and Lost Wages Managers To Pass Knowledge To Employees Objectives Of This Training What is a JSA? Elements of a JSA What is a Job? What is a Task? How To Create a JSA Hazards and Hazard Correction Goals Increased Job Satisfaction Increased Employee Morale Increased Motivation Increased Efficiency In Workplace Processes Reduced Accidents Per Location Reduced Workers Compensation Payouts Reduced Lost Time Due To Accidents Reduced Employee Turnover What is a JSA? Process of studying and recording each step of a job, identifying existing or potential hazards, and determining the best way to perform the job to reduce or eliminate the hazards. Elements of a JSA Four Basic Steps: 1. Selecting Jobs For Analysis 2. Breaking Each Selected Job Into Steps 3. Identify The Hazards Associated With Each Step 4. Eliminate Or Correct The Hazards What is a Job? What is a Job? A JOB Is A Description Of A Function In The Company Each Job Is Made Up Of TASKS. So, What is a TASK? TASK= Sequence of Steps or Activities That Together Accomplish a Goal Examples – Hanging a Door – Filling Cans on an Assemble Line – Unloading Drums From Truck With Forklift JSA Benefits – Prevention/Reduction of Hazards in the Performance of Your Job – Prevention/Reduction of Occurrences of Accidents – Improvements in Job Performance – Coordinates With PPE Selection – Standardizes Work Procedures – Ergonomic Assessments When Should JSA Be Created JSA Should Be Performed When: – Job Does Not Currently Have JSA – New Job is Created – When Accident or Near Miss Occurs – When Employee Has Concern Members of JSA Team There is No Single Method That Works Best Typical Members – Employees – Supervisors/Managers – Human Resources – Safety Committee Employee Involvement = Success Reasons For Involving Employees With JSA Process Familiarity With Job Higher Success/Performance Rates More Effective JSA Feedback Gains “Buy-In” For Necessary Changes Breaking Down Jobs Into “Key” Steps AVOID DO Making the breakdown Make it user friendly. too detailed. This will result in too many unnecessary steps. Make the appropriate combinations of steps. Making the job breakdown so general Simple and straight that the basic steps are forward steps. not recorded. Observation Method Preferred Method: – Directly Observe the Job Task – Evaluate Each Step – Ask Questions of the Employees – Draw Upon Employee’s Knowledge of Established Procedures, Problems, and Difficult Areas Group Activity “Changing a Flat Tire on an Automobile” Instructional Video How Many Steps Did You Come Up With? Key Steps (Too Many - 11) Pull Off Road Put Car in “Park” Set Brake Activate Emergency Flashers Open Door Get Out of Car Walk to Trunk Put Key in Lock Open Trunk Remove Jack Remove Spare tire Key Steps (Not Enough - 4) Park Car Take Off Flat Tire Put On Spare Tire Drive Away Key Steps (Just Right - 9) Park Car, Set Brake Remove Jack & Tire From Trunk Loosen Lug Nuts Jack Up Car Remove Tire Mount Spare Tire Jack Down Car Tighten Lug Nuts Store Tire & Jack Great Job……Now Let’s Add The Hazards Hazards – Description of Potential Injuries Identification of hazards should include the hazards associated with: machines, tools, supplies, job procedures, and the surroundings Hazards Now, Identify The Hazards To Each Of The Key Steps Hazards, Hazards, and More Hazards Here Are Some Examples…….. Parking Car – Stuck By Traffic Remove Jack & Tire From Trunk – Overexertion Loosen Lug Nuts – Striking Limbs Against Equipment Hazard Correction After Hazards Or Potential Hazards Have Been Listed And Reviewed, The Next Step Is Reduce The Hazards OR EVEN BETTER Eliminate The Hazards Controls Substitution Job Redesign Engineering Revisions Procedural Revisions Personal Protective Equipment Training Administration Controls Hazard Correction Use Procedures For Safe Work Which Are Understood And Followed By All Parties, As A Result Of: – Training, – Positive Reinforcement, – Correction of Unsafe Performance, and – Enforcement Through a Clearly Communicated Disciplinary System Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Conclusion The process of JSA can be applied to any job in any workplace, to improve work procedures and make jobs safer and easier to perform. The goal of this process is to educate everyone by getting them involved in identifying hazards and developing controls to keep everyone safe. QUESTIONS?