Nationalism At Center
United States sorts out internal
problems and “faces” the world
Nationalism At Center Stage
Jump Start
Define nationalism
Discussion of Jump Start
Belief that national interests should be
placed ahead of regional concerns or the
interests of other countries
Supreme Court & Nationalism
 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
 Tax by MD on paper used for Federal currency MD
says BUS has no power over the state
 John Marshall declared Bank of the U.S. was
constitutional & states could not tax Fed. Gov’t.
“power to tax was power to destroy”
 Decision led to an increase in federal government’s
control over the economy by controlling currency
Supreme Court & Nationalism
 Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
 Dispute over shipping across Hudson River
 John Marshall ruled that Gibbons had the right to
run his steamship on the same route as Ogden.
NYS could not regulate interstate waterways.
 Decision affirmed Federal Government’s right to
regulate interstate commerce not individual state’s
Supreme Court & Nationalism
 Marshall’s decisions
continued to increase power
of Federal Government at the
expense of state power.
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy
Sec. of State John Quincy Adams’ Treaties
 Britain - Northern boundary is 49° N
- U.S. & Canadian border is demilitarized
- Occupy Oregon Territory jointly 10 years
 Spain - Adams – Onis Treaty (1819)
“Gives” U.S. Florida - US settlers move in
Says we’ll take it anyway – Can’t defend it!
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy
 Monroe Doctrine (1823)
 Europe should not interfere in Western Hemisphere
 In return U.S. would stay out of European Affairs
 European interference, would be considered “dangerous to US
peace & safety”
 What would Europe want in the Western
 Attempt to re-colonize (dominate) the newly independent Latin
American countries and secure needed resources.
 Could Europe still be involved in the West?
 Yes, if they still had pre-existing colonies
Nationalism Pushes America West
 Why would people leave the East for the
unknown (wild) West?
- Escape the law
- Escape debt
- Cheap fertile land
- Social Status
- Economic prosperity
Population Shift
 More people leaving the East and heading
 More states now entering the Union
Northwest Ordinance set up procedure
 Would states be admitted as “free” states
or “slave” states – balance was critical!
Free States vs. Slave States
 Why would the government have to attempt to
maintain a balance between free states and slaves
 Northerners would accuse southerners of trying to
expand slavery
 Southerners would accuse northerners of trying to
abolish slavery
 Representation in Congress is key to establishing the
dominant IDEOLOGY for the nation!!!
Missouri Compromise
First “Test” of Nationalism
 Maine admitted as a free state – Missouri as slave
(now 12 “free and 12”slave” states)
 No slavery north of the 36°30 N latitude except MO
(part of Louisiana Territory purchase)
 Remaining Louisiana Purchase Territory split in two
 Henry Clay negotiated & “sold” it to Congress in 1820
 Issue of slavery was solved for a generation
Closing Activity
Ticket Out The Door
With our definition of nationalism
in mind, make a chart that
displays how nationalism was
the ideology behind the
Supreme Court decisions,
foreign policy decisions and
Federal Government actions.
Foreign Policy
Words To Live By
 “Government is a trust,
and the officers of the
government are
trustees; and both the
trust and the trustees
are created for the
benefit of the people.”
Henry Clay (1777 – 1852)
 U.S. House of
Representative and
Senator from Kentucky
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