Main Causes of WWI

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The Four M

ilitarism

A

lliances

I

mperialism

N

ationalism

Causes of World War One

Militarism

• Complete love of the military. A belief that war is the best way to solve problems. A belief that humans are at their best when they are making war.

– Naval Strength was significant at the time.

– Arms race / competition – Fight to solve problems

Alliances

• When nations promise to help or defend each other in time of war.

– Groups of friendly countries form – Group v group = big conflict

Imperialism

• When nations conquer other nations and make them colonies or annex them.

– Desire to expand – Competition for colonies

Nationalism

• Great pride in your own nation (patriotism), but also prejudice or hatred against the people and way of life of other nations.

– Wanting independence (own country) – Pride – Superiority – Unification

Look for Causes of World War One in the background Reading.

Where is evidence of underlying causes?

What was the immediate cause?

Instructions

• Form a circle with your color group. • Rotate the Documents amongst your group members, so that you each have a chance to examine each document.

• Individually, record a summary of the main points of each document, and indicate what cause you think the document represents.

• As a group, discuss the causes and come to a conclusion about what cause you think each document represents.

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