Aim: How did the building of factories encourage the growth of cities? Do Now: “The streets are filthy, and the stranger is not a little surprised to meet the hogs walking about in them, for the purpose of devouring the vegetables and trash thrown into the gutter” -New York Tourist-1800’s • Child Labor – Boys and girls as young as seven worked in factories – Small children could squeeze into machines • Long hours – 12 hours a day, 6 days a week • Home Life – Factories spread families apart – Role of women Interchangeable Parts • Handmade goods took longer to build/repair. • Eli Whitney introduced interchangeable parts-machines made each identical part. • Presented his idea to government. Growing Cities • People left farms to work in cities. • Urbanization-population moved from farms to cities Attractions • Theatres, museums and circuses attracted people • People shopped in stores for the latest fashions from Europe.