United States Imperialism SE’s: 4A, 4B, 15B, 15C, 15D 19E, : Explain why significant events, policies, and individual such as the Spanish American War, US expansionism, Henry Cabot Lodge, Alfred Thayer-Mahan, Theodore Roosevelt, Sanford Dole, and Missionaries moved to the U.S. into the position of world power. Evaluate American expansionism including acquisitions such as: Guam, Hawaii, Philippines, Puerto Rico. Explain how foreign policies affected economic issues such as: Chinese Exclusion act of 1882, Open door policy, dollar diplomacy, immigration quotas. Describe the economic effects of international military conflict including the Spanish American War on the United States. Evaluate the pros and cons of U.S. participation in international organizations and treaties. United States Imperialism Big Stick Diplomacy: was the slogan describing President Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. U.S. had the right not only to oppose European intervention in the Western Hemisphere, but also to intervene in the domestic affairs of its neighbors if they proved unable to maintain order and national sovereignty on their own. He used the Great White fleet to show U.S. Naval Superiority around the world. United States Imperialism Roosevelt Corollary: Under Roosevelt, the U.S. adopted the role of policeman for the Western hemisphere. “If a nation..keeps order and pays its obligations, it need fear no interference from the United States. Chronic wrongdoing… in the Western Hemisphere… may force the United States, however reluctantly… to the exercise of an international police power.” United States Imperialism Dollar Diplomacy = is the term used to describe the efforts of the Taft administration when it used trade agreements and American investments as a weapon to achieve foreign policy goals. Used primarily in Latin America and East Asia. United States Imperialism Spanish American War 1898 = American interests in Cuba combined with “Yellow Journalism” sensationalizing events in Cuba and the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine led to a declaration of war against Spain in 1898. The war resulted in America’s emergence as a world power with colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. (Cease Fire 1898 = Spanish American War United States Imperialism • Henry Cabot Lodge = A Massachusetts Senator who supported American Expansion as a world power. He worked for the Panama Canal and naval bases to support world trade. “Small states are of the past and have no future… The great nations are rapidly absorbing for their future expansion and their present defense all the waste places of the earth. It is a movement which makes for civilization and the advancement of the race. As one of the great nations of the world, the United States must not fall out of the line of march.” Henry Cabot Lodge, “Our Blundering Foreign Policy,” March 1895 United States Imperialism: Panama Canal • It provided for a quicker water route between the industrial centers of the Eastern U.S. and markets on the West Coast and in Asia. This caused a movement to build the Panama Canal which was completed in 1914. United States Imperialism: Panama Canal The Panama Canal: made travel faster and shorter from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean and increased possibility of trade and movement. Built on the isthmus of Panama because it was the most narrowest piece of land across the Americas. It was completed in 1914 United States Imperialism: Panama Canal Building the Panama Canal created a U.S. presence in Panama until 1999. and its initial work led to engineering discoveries and medical solutions to problems of malaria and yellow fever. United States Imperialism Theodore Roosevelt = used big stick diplomacy, dollar diplomacy, and the Great White fleet to increase United States influence around the world. Taking these policies as a whole, Roosevelt turned America into a world power and a major player in global affairs. United States Imperialism World Power: is what a country becomes when it shows off its power either militarily, economically or controlling natural resources and is considered a very influential player in world politics.