Map Components • Compass Rose – Shows True North. Can be very ornate sometime appearing as a rose. Other compass roses can be as simple as an arrow with the letter “N” for North N WHERE ARE THE COMPASS ROSES? IS THIS MAP WRONG? • Legends / Keys – are symbols used to explain the multiple features of a map. Scale – Converts comparative distance from actual measurement to one corresponding the much smaller map. Scales will often show distance converting miles and kilometers (KM). Latitude – (Also called PARALLELS) are imaginary lines on a map going east and west. These lines are used for measuring distances NORTH and SOUTH of the EQUATOR. These lines measure 90 degrees north and south of the equator (there are 180 degrees total). Arctic Circle 661/2 Tropic of Cancer 23 1/2 Equator 0 degrees Tropic of Capricorn 23 1/2 Antarctic Circle 66 1/2 Longitude – (Also called Meridians) are imaginary lines on a map passing through the north and south poles. These lines are used for measuring distances EAST and WEST of the PRIME MERIDIAN. These lines measure 180 degrees west and east of the Primer Meridian (there are 360 degrees total). Hemisphere – divides the Earth into two halves. The Prime Meridian divides the Earth into a Eastern and Western hemisphere and the Equator divides the Earth into a Northern and Southern hemisphere. Grid System – series of intersecting lines of Latitude and Longitude on a map used for plotting Absolute Location. You will have a freehand World Map Quiz on the date listed on the board. The following will be required: • Grid system – Label degrees of Latitude in increments of 30 – Label degrees of Longitude increments of 60. • Continents (label all 7) • Oceans (label all four) • Compass rose • Legend / Key • • • • • • • Equator Prime Meridian International Dateline Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle In groups of two map to scale the classroom using rulers. Then figure the best scale to fit on 8 ½ - 11 typing paper. Include all the map elements just discussed (compass rose, legend, scale, grid system with Prime Meridian, Equator and lines of latitude and longitude. Maps must be colored.