spst_003 - Harrodsburg Church of Christ

Study of Daniel 2:
Dream—Image Seen by
Daniel 2:1
“Now in the second year of
Nebuchadnezzar's reign,
Nebuchadnezzar had
dreams; and his spirit was
so troubled that his sleep
left him.”
2nd Year of Nebuchadnezzar’s
Daniel 2:2
“Then the king gave the
command to call the
magicians, the
astrologers, the sorcerers,
and the Chaldeans to tell
the king his dreams. So
they came and stood
before the king.”
Nebuchadnezzar’s Decree
Daniel 2:3
“And the king said to
them, ‘I have had a
dream, and my spirit is
anxious to know the
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Daniel 2:4
“Then the Chaldeans
spoke to the king in
Aramaic, ‘O king, live
forever! Tell your
servants the dream,
and we will give the
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Daniel 2:5
“The king answered and said to
the Chaldeans, ‘My decision is
firm: if you do not make known
the dream to me, and its
interpretation, you shall be cut
in pieces, and your houses shall
be made an ash heap.’”
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Jewish Time
• Samaria was besieged from the fourth till
the sixth year of Hezekiah’s reign. He was
taken at the end of three years (2 Kings
• The third year of the captives’ training
would have occurred in the second year of
the king’s reign.
Troubling Dream
• Time frame: Second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s
• The king had “dreams”
• He was troubled and his sleep went from him.
• He summoned all his wise men.
– Astrologers
– Magicians
– Sorcerers
– Chaldeans
Nebuchadnezzar’s Counselors
• Entire staff of wise men brought before
Nebuchadnezzar to interpret his dream
• The word “Chaldeans” is used in a special
restricted sense to apply to “wise men.”
These men were not part of an ethnic
• All four classes worked together in order
to tell the king the dream and its meaning.
King’s Demand
• Tell the dream—and its meaning!
• He knew the dream—but he wanted additional
assurance of the ability of the “wise men” to tell its
true meaning!
• Magic, of course, cannot interpret TRUTH!
• Wise men insist that the king “tell them the
dream;” then, they will interpret.
King’s Consequences
• His mind is made up, and the command
has gone forth from him—the decree is
• Nebuchadnezzar has determined to
punish the wise men if they don’t tell him
the dream.
• They will be cut in pieces and their houses
will be ash heaps!
Daniel 2:6
“However, if you tell the
dream and its
interpretation, you shall
receive from me gifts,
rewards, and great honor.
Therefore tell me the
dream and its
Reward Promised
Daniel 2:7
“They answered again
and said, ‘Let the king
tell his servants the
dream, and we will give
its interpretation.’”
Insist on Him Telling the Dream
Daniel 2:8
“The king answered
and said, ‘I know for
certain that you would
gain time, because you
see that my decision is
Stalling for Time
Daniel 2:9
“If you do not make known the
dream to me, there is only one
decree for you! For you have
agreed to speak lying and corrupt
words before me till the time has
changed. Therefore tell me the
dream, and I shall know that you
can give me its interpretation.”
Punishment Is Certain
Material Wealth Promised
• Nebuchadnezzar also promised material wealth for
the one who could tell both the dream and its
• The wise men desperately wanted to “interpret” the
dream—but they must first be TOLD its contents.
• Men cannot do what is impossible.
• God is showing the foolishness of human wisdom!
Stalling for Time
• The wise men pled with the king to tell
them the dream.
• “Buying time;” hoping to figure out a way
to escape the problem
• The king is determined to carry out this
punishment if his demands are not meant.
• The wise men hope he will drop the
Daniel 2:10
“The Chaldeans answered the
king, and said, ‘There is not a
man on earth who can tell the
king's matter; therefore no king,
lord, or ruler has ever asked
such things of any magician,
astrologer, or Chaldean.’”
Daniel 2:11
“It is a difficult thing
that the king requests,
and there is no other
who can tell it to the
king except the gods,
whose dwelling is not
with flesh.”
Daniel 2:12
“For this reason the
king was angry and
very furious, and gave
a command to destroy
all the wise men of
Kill All the Wise Men
Counselors Cannot Do the
• The king’s demands cause the wise men to confess
their inability to know the dream!
• True—no man on earth could do what the king’s
• According to them, no other ruler ever made such
a demand.
• They claimed that only the “gods” who did not dwell
with flesh could do what the king was asking.
Counselors Cannot Do the
• The counselors excuse their inability
because they are “flesh and blood.”
• King’s anger boils over—death to all wise
men in Babylon!
• Counselors, including the Chaldeans,
were unable to requite the king’s wrath.
• He refused to accept their excuses!
Daniel 2:13
“So the decree went
out, and they began
killing the wise men;
and they sought Daniel
and his companions, to
kill them.”
Included Daniel
Daniel 2:14
“Then with counsel and
wisdom Daniel
answered Arioch, the
captain of the king's
guard, who had gone
out to kill the wise men
of Babylon.”
Daniel Answers Arioch
Daniel 2:15
“He answered and said to
Arioch the king's captain,
‘Why is the decree from the
king so urgent?’ Then
Arioch made the decision
known to Daniel.”
Daniel Hears the Decree
Daniel 2:16
“So Daniel went in and
asked the king to give
him time, that he might
tell the king the
Daniel Asks for Time
Seeking Daniel and His
Companions to Kill Them Too!
• Search for Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego
to kill them too!
• Daniel uses wisdom and discernment in talking with
• Requests that he be allowed to talk to the king—no
rash vow
• It’s time to seek God’s compassion for this problem,
• Shows Daniel’s faith—God would not desert them
Daniel 2:17
“Then Daniel went to
his house, and made
the decision known to
Hananiah, Mishael, and
Azariah, his
Daniel Tells the Others
Daniel 2:18
“That they might seek mercies
from the God of heaven
concerning this secret, so that
Daniel and his companions
might not perish with the rest
of the wise men of Babylon.”
They Seek God’s Mercy
Daniel 2:19, 20
“Then the secret was revealed to
Daniel in a night vision. So Daniel
blessed the God of heaven.
Daniel answered and said:
‘Blessed be the name of God
forever and ever, for wisdom and
might are His.’”
The Dream Is Revealed to Daniel
Daniel Petitions and
Praises God
Friends’ and Daniel’s pleas for mercy
Secret revealed to him in a night vision
Prayer for divine compassion
Prayer of righteous men (James 5:16)
Not the “gods” whom the Babylonians
worship—the one true and living God!
• Could not be obtained without divine help!
Daniel 2:21
“And He changes the times
and the seasons; He
removes kings and raises
up kings; He gives wisdom
to the wise and knowledge
to those who have
Prayer of Thankfulness
Daniel 2:22
“He reveals deep and
secret things; He knows
what is in the darkness,
and light dwells with
Prayer of Thankfulness
Daniel 2:23
“I thank You and praise You, O
God of my fathers; You have
given me wisdom and might, and
have now made known to me
what we asked of You, for You
have made known to us the
king's demand.”
Prayer of Thankfulness
Daniel’s Prayer of Thankfulness
• This prayer’s theme is God’s WISDOM and POWER.
• “Blessed be the name of God” stands for His being (Judges
• Daniel’s Reasons:
Governs all things
Course of history in his hands
Changes times and seasons
Removes and establishes rulers
Reveals the deep secret things
He alone is Light
Deserves all credit and glory!
Daniel 2:24
“Therefore Daniel went to Arioch,
whom the king had appointed to
destroy the wise men of Babylon. He
went and said thus to him: ‘Do not
destroy the wise men of Babylon; take
me before the king, and I will tell the
king the interpretation.’”
Tells Arioch He’ll Reveal the Dream
Daniel 2:25
“Then Arioch quickly brought
Daniel before the king, and said
thus to him, ‘I have found a
man of the captives of Judah,
who will make known to the
king the interpretation.’”
The King Is Informed
Daniel 2:26
“The king answered and said to
Daniel, whose name was
Belteshazzar, ‘Are you able to
make known to me the dream
which I have seen, and its
The King’s Question to Daniel
Daniel Will Give the King His
• Daniel seeks out Arioch
• Stop the killing—I will meet the king’s demands
• Arioch quickly brings Daniel to the king
• Tells the king a “captive of Judah” will reveal the
king’s dream and its interpretation
Daniel 2:27
“Daniel answered in the
presence of the king, and said,
‘The secret which the king has
demanded, the wise men, the
astrologers, the magicians, and
the soothsayers cannot declare
to the king.’”
An Impossible Task for Men
Daniel 2:28
“But there is a God in heaven
who reveals secrets, and He
has made known to King
Nebuchadnezzar what will be in
the latter days. Your dream,
and the visions of your head
upon your bed, were these.”
Not for God
Daniel 2:29
“As for you, O king, thoughts
came to your mind while on
your bed, about what would
come to pass after this; and He
who reveals secrets has made
known to you what will be.”
The Future Made Known
Daniel 2:30
“But as for me, this secret has
not been revealed to me because
I have more wisdom than anyone
living, but for our sakes who
make known the interpretation to
the king, and that you may know
the thoughts of your heart.”
The Future Made Known
Daniel Relies on God
First shows mankind’s limitations
Then reveals God’s unlimited power
There is “A God in heaven”
The dream’s events will happen in “latter days”
(Genesis 49:1; Deuteronomy 4:30)
• He makes it clear the dream was made known—not by
Daniel’s power, but God’s
• God wanted the interpretation known
• Only supernatural power could achieve this
Daniel 2:31
“You, O king, were
watching; and behold, a
great image! This great
image, whose splendor was
excellent, stood before
you; and its form was
The King’s Dream
Daniel 2:32, 33
“This image's head was of
fine gold, its chest and
arms of silver, its belly and
thighs of bronze,
its legs of iron, its feet
partly of iron and partly of
The Image
Daniel 2:34
“You watched while a stone
was cut out without hands,
which struck the image on
its feet of iron and clay, and
broke them in pieces.”
The Image
Daniel 2:35
“Then the iron, the clay, the bronze,
the silver, and the gold were crushed
together, and became like chaff from
the summer threshing floors; the wind
carried them away so that no trace of
them was found. And the stone that
struck the image became a great
mountain and filled the whole earth.”
The Image
Daniel 2:36
“This is the dream. Now we
will tell the interpretation of
it before the king.”
The Dream and Image
Daniel Reveals the Dream
• A “Great image”
• A statue in human form (not an idol)
• Since world powers are human in nature, they are
essentially one (Acts 17:26).
• Nebuchadnezzar saw the COMPLETE image.
• Mighty and “excellent in brightness”
• Composed of different metals
Image Details Revealed
• The head—”fine gold”
• The breast (chest and arms)—”silver”
• The belly and thighs—”brass”
• The legs—”iron”
• The feet—”partly iron and partly clay”
Image Details Revealed
• “A stone…cut without hands”
• Work of divine origin
• The image—made by hands (humanity)
• The stone—made without hands (deity)
• Stone smote the image upon its feet and broke it
into pieces
• Feet vulnerable part—whole image brought down
• Broken pieces like “chaff carried by wind”
Image Details Revealed
• The stone’s destruction of the image is so
complete, no place is found for the pieces!
• The stone became a “great mountain” (rock) and
filled the whole earth.
• Shows the universality of God’s kingdom
• This kingdom will surpass and replace the other
• Is capable of destruction!
Daniel 2:37, 38
“You, O king, are a king of kings. For the
God of heaven has given you a kingdom,
power, strength, and glory;
and wherever the children of men dwell,
or the beasts of the field and the birds of
the heaven, He has given them into your
hand, and has made you ruler over them
all-you are this head of gold.”
Daniel Interprets – Head of Gold
The Head of Gold
• Head of Gold—Nebuchadnezzar’s
Babylonian Empire
• Designates the first great representative of
world power
• Universal rule—ruling over all
• Animals—absolute as possible
• King stands for kingdom
Daniel 2:39
after you shall arise
another kingdom inferior to
yours; then another, a third
kingdom of bronze, which
shall rule over all the earth.”
Second and Third Kingdoms
The Inferior One
• Breasts and arms of silver—
Medo-Persian Empire
• This one would be inferior
• Lower degree of dignity
• Disunity from within
• More fully explained in later chapters
The Third Kingdom
• Belly and thighs of brass—Grecian
• Only here is it mentioned that this kingdom
would rule over the earth
• This kingdom is more fully exposed and
clearly identified in latter chapters
Daniel 2:40
“And the fourth kingdom shall be
as strong as iron, inasmuch as
iron breaks in pieces and
shatters everything; and like iron
that crushes, that kingdom will
break in pieces and crush all the
Fourth Kingdom
Daniel 2:41
“Whereas you saw the feet and
toes, partly of potter's clay and
partly of iron, the kingdom shall
be divided; yet the strength of the
iron shall be in it, just as you saw
the iron mixed with ceramic clay.”
Fourth Kingdom
Daniel 2:42
“And as the toes of the feet
were partly of iron and
partly of clay, so the
kingdom shall be partly
strong and partly fragile.”
Fourth Kingdom
Daniel 2:43
“As you saw iron mixed with
ceramic clay, they will mingle
with the seed of men; but they
will not adhere to one another,
just as iron does not mix with
Fourth Kingdom
The Fourth Kingdom
• Legs and feet of iron—iron mixed with clay—
Roman Empire
• Dispensationalists regard this kingdom as the
historical Roman Empire—revived and ruling before
the “Millennial kingdom on earth.” A false theory
• Strong as iron
• Iron breaks in pieces
The Fourth Kingdom
• Iron crushes and breaks everything down
• Part of potter clay and iron—shall be divided
• Partly strong; partly broken
• Mixed with miry clay—shall mingle with the seed
of men
• Not cleave to one another
• Not joined to one another—iron does not mix with
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Daniel 2
606 BC – 539 BC
539 BC – 332 BC
332 BC – 68 BC
Iron + Clay
68 BC – 476 AD
A sculptural interpretation of the
dream at Gilgal Sculpture Garden,
Salt Lake City, Utah
Daniel 2:44
“And in the days of these kings the
God of heaven will set up a
kingdom which shall never be
destroyed; and the kingdom shall
not be left to other people; it shall
break in pieces and consume all
these kingdoms, and it shall stand
A Different Kingdom
Daniel 2:45
“Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was
cut out of the mountain without hands,
and that it broke in pieces the iron, the
bronze, the clay, the silver, and the goldthe great God has made known to the king
what will come to pass after this. The
dream is certain, and its interpretation is
A Different Kingdom
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
The Indestructible Kingdom
• In the days of “these kings” (Rome), the God of
heaven will set up a kingdom
• This kingdom will never be destroyed!
• The sovereignty of this kingdom will not be left to
another people
• This kingdom shall break in pieces and consume
all the other kingdoms
• God’s Kingdom will stand forever
The Indestructible Kingdom
• Under consideration are the four kingdoms mentioned in
the dream
• “In the days of those kings” the kingdom of the fourth
part of the image
• Each is distinct but in a sense one—all are earthly and
material kingdoms
• Medo-Persian conquered and incorporated Babylonian
• Greece did the same with Medo-Persian
• Rome’s rule was far greater than the rule of the other two!
The Indestructible Kingdom
• The image was still standing when the
blow was struck and the indestructible
kingdom was set up
• Messiah’s kingdom would be set up in
that time period
• Since this “other kingdom” is divine
(spiritual), its duration is eternal
Two Types of Kingdoms
• Kingdoms of the Image
– Human
– Temporary
– Overcome by succeeding
– Defective in power
• Kingdom of God
The Destructive Stone
• It was cut out of the mountain “without hands”
• Shows it’s prepared by God—not men
• Spiritual, not physical!
• Eternal, not temporary
• Broke in pieces the iron, brass, clay, silver and gold
• Completely triumphs over the kingdoms of men!
• Crushing power of the stone
Daniel 2:46
“Then King Nebuchadnezzar
fell on his face, prostrate
before Daniel, and
commanded that they should
present an offering and
incense to him.”
The King Praises Daniel
Daniel 2:47
The king answered Daniel,
and said, ‘Truly your God
is the God of gods, the
Lord of kings, and a
revealer of secrets, since
you could reveal this
The King Praises Daniel
Daniel 2:48
“Then the king promoted Daniel and
gave him many great gifts; and he
made him ruler over the whole
province of Babylon, and chief
administrator over all the wise men
of Babylon.”
The King Rewards Daniel
Daniel 2:49
“Also Daniel petitioned the king, and
he set Shadrach, Meshach, and
Abed-Nego over the affairs of the
province of Babylon; but Daniel sat
in the gate of the king.”
The King Rewards Daniel’s Friends
Nebuchadnezzar’s Reaction
• Worships and confesses
• Recognizes supremacy of Daniel’s God
• King’s profession was simply that of a
• He still did not understand that there is
only ONE God—not many
• Daniel’s God is a “revealer of secrets”
Nebuchadnezzar’s Reaction
• King’s promotion of Daniel
• Way of reward—he had promised earlier
• Chief governor—chief overseer
• “In the gate of the king” a place of political and
official importance
• Daniel never sought rewards or asked
• Three companions also placed in prominent
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