Myths, Folk Tales, Fables, and Fairy Tales What is a myth? A myth is a make believe story that tries to explain the existence of a natural phenomenon. For instance, a myth might try to explain how fire or rain was made, why there are waves in the ocean or how a zebra got its stripes. Often times, myths are closely tied to a certain culture and sometimes they have some kind of God or divine being. Examples of Myths • Arrow to the Sun • Hercules • Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People’s Ear What is a Folk Tale? • A folk tale is a story with no known author. Folk tales are passed down from one generation to another by word of mouth. Examples of Folk Tales • Martina the Beautiful Cockroach • How the Snake Got Poison • Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves What is a fable? • A fable is a very brief story in prose or in verse that teaches a moral or a practical lesson about how to succeed in life. Examples of Fables • The Crow and the Pitcher • The Tortoise and the Hare • The Boy Who Cried Wolf • The Country Mouse and the City Mouse What is a fairy tale? • A fairy tale is a type of imaginative writing that carries the reader into an invented world where the laws of nature, as we know them, do not operate. Examples of Fairy Tales • Cinderella • Snow White and the Seven Dwarves • Ella Enchanted • Beauty and the Beast • Which genre teaches a moral at the end? • What are two examples of myths? • What is a story with no known author? • What are three examples of folk tales? • What kind of story is Little Red Riding Hood? Quiz Time!