Chapter 11 – Industrial Inventions early 1800s

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Chapter 11 – Industrial
Inventions early 1800s
Notice how the development
of each invention of the early
1800s affected the young
nation.
The Spinning Jenny &
Power Loom
Textile mills brought many workers & machines like these under one
roof in factories powered by water wheels. People left farms for cities
and created the growth of many towns in New England near rivers to
turn the water wheels.
Textile Mills helped growth of
towns in New England states.
Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin
In 1797, The U. S. government
hired inventor Eli Whitney to
make 10,000 muskets for the
army. He was to have the guns
ready in two years. In 1801, he
showed G. Washington a box
with piles of musket parts. He
took a part from each pile and
assembled a musket in a matter
of seconds. He had just
demonstrated the use of
interchangeable
parts – parts were all exactly
alike.
Interchangeable Parts




Parts that are exactly alike was Eli
Whitney’s idea when he tried to put the
musket together in seconds.
Machines that produced exactly
matching parts soon became standard
industries
Made repairs easy
Used low pay and less skilled workers
New Inventions – The
Claremont made the 300 mile trip
from New York to Albany and back in 62 hours in 1807.

The Steam Boat invented by Robert Fulton
Steam engines



The steam boat could move against
the current of the river and the wind
Led to the growth of cities like New
Orleans and St. Louis
Shreve also invented a better steam
boat. The town of Shreveport, LA was
named after this inventor.

Shreve’s double
decker steamboat
and a paddle wheel
in the back 1816 it
went UP the
Mississippi River!!!
The Telegraph…..
The Telegraph





Invented by Samuel Morse
Long and short pulses of electricity
along a wire ( dot, dot dash…--..)
Took seconds to communicate to other
cities
Brought about national unity!
---…---
Morse Code
John Deere’s steel plow
John Deere’s Steel Plow

John Deer invented the light weight
steel plow with a steel cutting edge.
Older cast iron plows were designed
for the light sandy soil of New England.
But rich clay, like the soil of the
Midwest needed a sharper blade of
steel. More farmers moved to the
Midwest with the help of this new
plow.
The Mechanical Reaper
*The Reaper & the threshing
machines helped improve
agriculture.
*They were made by Cyrus
McCormick in 1834.
*The thresher separated
kernels of wheat from husks.
*The reaper cut ripe grain
quickly.
The Factory System

Workers and machines came together
under one roof, usually near a source
of water to power the machines.
Industrial Revolution

Machines replaced hand tools, and
large scale manufacturing replaced
farming as the main source of work.
Patents

Protects the inventor who has the
SOLE right to make and sell the
invention.
Name the Inventor



Samuel Slater stole idea of textile mill
from England.
Francis Cabot Lowell –he had 22
mills and created the textile factories in
New England brought power looms
from England
Eli Whitney- inventor of cotton gin &
interchangeable parts.
Name the Inventor

Samuel Morse

John Deere

Robert Fulton

Henry Miller Shreve
More inventors



Robert Fulton – invented steamboat
Sam Morse – invented telegraph
John Deere- invented the steel plow
Ch 11 Section 1 review

Name an invention and tell how it
affected or impacted our young nation.

Why was New England a good place
to build factories?

Which inventions did most to link the
nation?
That’s all folks……….
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