WMO Competencies

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WMO Competency Standards:
Development and
Implementation
Status
Eumetcal Workshop
10-13 June 2014
Patrick Parrish, WMO
Eduction and Training Office
Context for the change
WMO Congress Cg-XVI recommended that all
technical commissions make definition of
competency standards a high priority
Why?
•
•
•
Promotes high standards and consistency
of service
Guides resource allocation for capacity
development
Helps training to address true job needs
–
increases relevance, motivation, retention
2
Training is a rare opportunity
• High cost
• Time
commitment
• Resource
commitment
• Each event
should do all it
can toward
building
competence
What are Competencies?
Competencies provide
high level standard
descriptions of job tasks
Technical
Competencies
Transferable Skills
Core Competencies
– Minimum requirements for
knowledge, skills and
behaviors
– Focus on job tasks, NOT
classifications or job titles
– Exist alongside processes
and procedures
– Are ongoing and evolve
only slowly
Competencies and Training
Well-defined competencies are central to
meeting organizational goals
Organizational Goals
Organizational Resources
Job Competencies
Training Needs
Training
outcomes
flow
Training Delivery
Requirements
flow
Development process
• Competency development is the responsibility
of the service area (Observations, Marine,
Aeronautical …), not Training
• Task teams are established by the WMO technical
commissions
• High level competencies approved by
appropriate WMO technical commission after wide
discussion
• Detailed Performance criteria/components
and knowledge & skill requirements (second
level) elaborate on the top level competencies as
guidelines
– Members may select a subset of second level
competencies for their own circumstances
Active competency efforts
Technical
Commisions
responsible for
developing
qualifications
and
competencies in
their domains of
expertise
(EC-62)
Technical
Commissions
Technical
Programmes
CBS
All programmes under WWW
Active areas are WIS, PWS, and
Tropical Cyclones)
CAeM
Aeronautical meteorology
CHy
Hydrology and water resources
CCL
Climate
CIMO
Observations
CAgM
Agricultural meteorology
Marine and oceanography
JCOMM
ETR Office: Competencies for training providers.
Also coordinates across TPs to develop competencies.
EC Panel reviews.
See updates at http://training.wmo.int (under Training Activities)
AMF competencies
An Aeronautical Meteorological Forecaster,
A. For the area and airspace of responsibility,
B. In consideration of the impact of meteorological phenomena and parameters on
aviation operations, and
C. In compliance with aviation user requirements, international regulations, local
procedures
and priorities,
Should, in taking into account conditions A to C, have successfully completed the BIPM and should be able to:
1. Forecast aeronautical meteorological phenomena and
parameters;
2. Analyse and monitor continuously the weather situation;
3. Warn of hazardous phenomena;
4. Ensure the quality of meteorological information and services;
and
5. Communicate meteorological information to internal and external
users.
Marine competencies
A marine weather forecaster (MWF)
A. For the area of responsibility – refer WMO No: 558, Manual on Marine
Meteorological Services, Volume 1 – Global Aspects and Volume II, Regional Aspects,
B. in consideration of the impact of meteorological phenomena, variables and
parameters on marine operations, and
C. in compliance with marine user requirements, international regulations, local
procedures and priorities,
Should, in taking into account conditions A to C, have successfully completed the
BIP-M and should be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Analyse and monitor continuously the marine weather situation
Forecast marine weather phenomena, variables and parameters
Warn of hazardous phenomena
Ensure the quality of meteorological information and services
Communicate meteorological information to internal and external
user
Competency implementation
• Competency
assessment
• Competency-based
training
• Competency and
quality management
Competency assessment
Competency is demonstrated through careful assessment
approaches
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Adapted from the CAeM Competency Assessment Toolkit:
It is based on standards (the defined competencies) and the
basis for certification
The standards include details related to actual job tasks
The assessment is individual; no comparison to others.
It judges whether one is competent or not yet competent.
It is done, preferably, in real working situations - based on
direct observation or simulations.
It is an ongoing process rather than a snapshot.
It is not directly related to the completion of specific training.
It includes recognition of acquired competence through work
experience.
It contributes to the development of skills and abilities.
Competency-based training
• Training needs assessment
– Measure existing competency to determine learning
needs
• Curriculum planning
– Learning outcomes and topics should relate to
competencies
– Learning should be active and practical
• Assessment, documentation, and
certificates
– Training should include assessment of gains in
knowledge and skill during the training
– Competencies to be addressed should be clearly
stated in course announcements and syllabi
– Competencies should be included in documentation
and certificates provided for participants’ records
Competencies for providers of
education and training
Context
•
•
•
•
The organizational context and priorities, and stakeholder
requirements;
The way in which internal and external training resources are used;
The available resources (financial, human and technological),
facilities and capabilities, and the organizational structures, policies
and procedures;
National and institutional legislation, rules and procedures.
Competencies
•
•
•
•
•
•
Analyse the organizational context and manage the training
processes
Identify learning needs and specify learning outcomes
Determine a learning solution
Design and develop learning activities and resources
Deliver training and manage the learning event
Assess learning and evaluate the learning process
WMO Guidelines for Trainers
Support for implementation of trainer
competencies, and for competency
implementation in all areas
WMO Seminars for Trainers
• Provide increased
focus on meeting the
WMO Competencies
for Providers of
Education and
Training
• Online resources will
become available for
open use by others
• We encourage
adaptation of the
course
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