The Sniper

1.•Descricing the
•Describes the main
2. When the
protagonist lights his
cigarette and gets shot
at by another sniper.
3/4/5. when the
protagonist and the
other sniper are firing
back and fourth.
6. When he shoots
the other sniper.
7. When the
protagonist has
escapes, but begins to
feel guilty
8. When the
protagonist finds out
the sniper was his
The theme for the short story “The Sniper” is winning isn’t always good. The
theme in this story is not identified until the ending of the story. Throughout the
story it describes how the sniper is so determined to catch his enemy, but as
soon as he does the sniper is overwhelmed with the feeling of anger and guilt.
The satisfaction of winning was not present to the man after his “success”
“The sniper looked at his enemy falling and he shuddered. The lust of battle died
in him. He became bitten by remorse. The sweat stood out in beads on his
“His teeth chattered, he began to gibber to himself, cursing the war, cursing
himself, cursing everybody.”
You also find the theme being presented at the very ending of the story when
the man realizes he had killed his own brother. The sniper did not realize what
kind of cost “winning” would come with.
“He threw himself face downward beside the corpse. The machine gun stopped.
The sniper turned over the dead body and looked into his brother’s face.”
Facial features:
He has a thin, unfriendly face,
with a cold look of devotion
within his eyes. Mostly his eyes
resemble someone, “who is used
to looking at death.”
(O’Flaherty, 1)
Person vs. Person
“There was nothing to be seen – just the dim outline of the opposite housetop against the blue
sky. His enemy was undercover.”
Person vs. Self
“The lust of battle died in him. He became bitten by remorse.”
Person vs. Society
“His teeth chattered, he began to gibber to himself, cursing the war, cursing himself,
cursing everybody.”
Third Person Narration
“The sniper lay still..”
“… he peered up at the corner of the roof.”
“He felt reckless under the influence of the spirit.”
if the story was in First person…
•We would know the thoughts and
feelings of the protagonist
•We could know the thoughts and
feelings of the antagonist (if the
author chose to write the story from
that perspective).
Literary devices “Machine guns and rifles broke the Personification
“It stopped on the opposite
silence of the night, spasmodically, like side of the street, fifty yards
dogs barking on lone farms.” (pg.1
ahead. The sniper could hear
“Dublin lay enveloped in O’Flaherty)
the dull panting of the
darkness but for the dim
motor.” (pg. 2 O’Flaherty)
light of the moon that
This is an example of a simile,
This is an example of
shone through fleecy
because it is comparing the loudness of personification because an
clouds, casting a pale
the guns and rifles to dogs barking in inanimate object is portrayed
light as of approaching
the night. The purpose of this example with human characteristics. In
dawn over the streets
in the story is to give the reader an idea this quote the motor had a
and the dark waters of
of the protagonist’s experience during “dull panting” which is a
the Liffey.” (pg. 1
human characteristic,
therefore it is personification.
“-a hard shot in the dim light, and his “A machine gun tore up the
This is an example of
right arm was paining like a thousand ground around him with a
imagery because; this
devils.” (pg.3 O’Flaherty)
hail of bullets, but he
quote describes the
escaped.”(pg.4 O’Flaherty)
setting of the story,
This is another example of a simile
This is an example of
which takes place in
because, in the story, the protagonist is personification because the
Dublin, Ireland. It gives wounded from a gunshot in his right
machine gun “tore up” the
a clear mental image of forearm. The wound is being compared
ground, which also is an
how dark and depressing to a thousand devils because the pain is
inanimate object that also has
the mood of the story
unbearable, as he tries to use his sniper human characteristics in this
really is.
on the enemy fifty-yards away.
The Wind That Shakes the Barley
• Two brothers who are separated into
opposing sides during the civil war in
• One of the brothers kills the other.
Who did what..
Mikaela O’Neill; Gabrielle Anderson-Duvall;
•point of view
Meaghan Chappell;
•Literary devices
Victoria Sabovitch;
Chardon Kozak;