WH2.5 Global Trade

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GLOBAL TRADE
WHII.5
Standard WHII.5

You will be able to describe…
 and
located the Ottoman Empire
 India, coastal trade, and the Mughal Empire
 East
Asia, including China & Japanese shogunate
 Africa
and its global trade involvment
 the growth of European nations, Commercian
Revolution and mercantilism
I. Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire emerged as a political
and economic power following the conquest of
Constantinople (the capital of the Christian
Byzantine Empire).
I. Ottoman Empire

The Ottomans also brought much of the
Muslim territory in Southwest Asia and North
Africa under their rule.
I. Ottoman Empire


The Ottoman Empire also spread into the
Balkan Peninsula and Eastern Europe, and
brought the Islamic religion with them.
This planted the seeds for many modern
conflicts between Christians and Muslims.
I. Ottoman Empire

Original Location of the Ottoman Empire
 Asia
Minor
 Modern-day Turkey
I. Ottoman Empire

Expansion & extent of Ottoman Empire
 Southwest
Asia
 Southeastern Europe
 Balkan Peninsula
 North Africa
I. Ottoman Empire

Development of the Ottoman Empire
 Capital
 Islamic
at Constantinople → renamed Istanbul
religion as unifying force that accepted
other religions
 Trade
in coffee & ceramics
II. The Mughal Empire


Descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim
Mughal (Mogul) rulers established an
empire in northern India.
The Mughal empire traded with European
nations.
II. The Mughal Empire


Although India was originally Hindu, the
Mughal invasion introduced Islam to the region.
The Taj Mahal is an example of how Islam
impacted India’s architecture.
II. The Mughal Empire

Location of the Mughal Empire
 North
India
II. The Mughal Empire

Contributions of the Mughal rulers
 Spread
 Art
of Islam into India
& architecture – Taj Mahal
 Arrival
of European trading outposts
 Influence
of Indian textiles on British textile industry
II. The Mughal Empire

Trade with European
nations
 Portugal,
England and the
Netherlands competed for
Indian Ocean trade by
establishing coastal ports
on the Indian sub-continent.
III. China & Japan


China & Japan sought to limit the influence
and activities of European merchants.
China & Japan remained relatively
isolated from the rest of the world for the
next 400 years.
III. China & Japan

China
 Creation
of foreign enclaves to control trade
 Imperial policy of controlling foreign influences & trade
 Increase in European demand for Chinese goods
III. China & Japan

Japan
 Government
→ powerless
emperor ruled by a military
leader (shogun)
 Shinto
was the major
religion of Japan
 Adopted
a policy of
isolation to limit foreign
influence
IV. Africa

The exportation of
slaves and demand for
imported goods began
to alter traditional
patters in Africa.
IV. Africa

African Exports:
 Slaves
(triangular trade – Middle Passage)
 Raw materials

African Imports:
 Manufactured
goods from Europe, Asia and
the Americas
 New food products (corn, peanuts)
V. Economics

European maritime nations competed for
overseas markets, colonies and resources,
creating new economic practices, such as
mercantilism, linking European nations with
their colonies.
V. Economics

Mercantilism
 An
economic practice
adopted by European
colonial powers in an effort
to become self-sufficient
 Based
on the theory that
colonies existed for the
benefit of the mother
country
V. Economics

Commercial Revolution
 European
maritime nations competed for
overseas markets, colonies and resources
A
new economic system emerged:
 New
money & banking systems were created
 Economic practices such as mercantilism evolved
 Colonial economies were limited by the
economic needs of the mother country
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