By: Remington Deyak 10. Sunshine Coast Population: 245,309 State: Queensland Facts: There is up to an additional 50,000 people there because of tourists and seasonal workers. 9. Wollongong Population: 288,984 State: New South Wales Facts: The name Wollongong is believed to mean “sound of the sea” in the Aboriginal language. 8. Canberra Population:351,868 State: Australian Capital Territory Facts: The Capital city of Australia. Australia’s largest inland city. 7. Newcastle Population: 540,796 State: New South Wales Facts: Largest coal exporting harbor in the world. 6. Goldcoast Population: 577,917 State: Queensland Facts: The most populous non-capital city in Australia. Known as a major tourism destination. 5. Adelaide Population: 1,187,466 State: South Australia Facts: Capital of South Australia. Founded in 1836. 4. Perth Population: 1,658,992 State: Western Australia Facts: The capital of Western Australia. Founded on June 12th, 1829. 3. Brisbane Population: 2,004,262 State: Queensland Facts: The capital of Queensland. A resident of Brisbane is commonly known as a brisbanite. 2. Melbourne Population: 3,995,537 State: Victoria Facts: The state capital of Victoria. Was founded in 1835. 1. Sydney Population: 4,504,469 State: New South Wales Facts: Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales. Founded in 1788.