POWERPOINT JEOPARDY

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What is a Reinforcer?
a.
Any event that strengthens or
increases a response.
b. Something the individual finds
pleasant.
c. Anything that decreases a
response.
d. An incentive.
a
What learning process did
B.F. Skinner describe?
a) Classical Conditioning
b) Operant Conditioning
c) Modeling
d) Observational Learning
b
What is a punishment?
a) An unpleasant event or stimulus.
b) Any undesired event or stimulus
that weakens or decreases a
behavior.
c) A disagreeable consequence.
d) Something the individual dislikes.
b
This learning procedure utilizes
reinforcement to guide a response in
closer and closer approximations to
a desired behavior:
a) Shaping
b) Observational Learning
c) Partial Reinforcement
d) Conditioning
"a".
Negative reinforcement increases
the strength or frequency of a
response by __________ an
aversive stimulus.
a) Increasing
b) Decreasing
c) Removing
d) Ignoring
"c".
The sudden reappearance of
a response after a period of
extinction is known as:
a) Stimulus generalization
b) Extinction
c) Stimulus discrimination
d) Spontaneous recovery
d
An employee receives a reward for his work, but
the reinforcement is only awarded for the first
response after a specified period of time. This
schedule produces a high rate of response near
the end of the specified time period, with a drop
in response after the reward has been given.
What type of reinforcement schedule is being
used?
a) Variable Ratio Schedule
b) Fixed Ratio Schedule
c) Variable Interval Schedule
d) Fixed Interval Schedule
"d".
While Ivan Pavlov is famous for his
contributions to psychology, he was
actually a:
a) Linguist
b) Physiologist
c) Zoologist
d) Botanist
b
In Pavlov’ s classic
experiment with dogs, the
food was the:
a) Unconditioned Stimulus
b) Unconditioned Response
c) Conditioned Stimulus
d) Conditioned Response
a
Which of the following is true of
learning?
a) Learning is relatively permanent.
b) Learning involves a change in
behavior.
c) Learning occurs through
experience.
d) All of the above
d
In John Watson’s famous experiment,
Little Albert was conditioned to fear a
white rat, but he also demonstrated a fear
of other furry, white objects. This is an
example of:
a) Phobic behavior
b) Stimulus discrimination
c) Stimulus generalization
d) Superstitious behavior
c
In classical conditioning, the natural and
unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus
(UCS) is known as the:
a) Unconditioned Stimulus
b) Unconditioned Response
c) Conditioned Stimulus
d) Conditioned
"b".
Which of B.F. Skinner's schedules of
reinforcement is the most difficult to
extinguish? (Hint: Gambling utilizes
this reinforcement schedule).
a) Variable Interval
b) Variable Ratio
c) Fixed Interval
d) Fixed Ratio
b
Innate reinforcers such as food and
water that diminish a biological need
are known as:
a) Primary Reinforcers
b) Secondary Reinforcers
a
Who is famous for saying, “ Give me a dozen healthy infants,
well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and
I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become
any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist,
merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless
of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and
race of his ancestors.”
a) B.F. Skinner
b) Ivan Pavlov
c) Edward Thorndike
d) John Watson
d
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