NARRATIVES MAIN GOAL: • Tell a sequence of events & scenes • Develop PLOT • Develop CHARACTERS NARRATIVES Two Main Types: • Fictional (not true) • Biographical or Autobiographical (true) Autobiographical Incident Describing an important event in your life . . . Writing an autobiographical incident, or firsthand account, can help you and others to see an important event in your life more clearly. You will need to use vivid sensory details, vocabulary, dialogue, and figurative language to engage the reader and reveal the significance of the event. Autobiographical Incident Describing an important event in your life . . . -The beginning of the essay captures the reader’s interest -Your autobiographical narrative will be about one significant event in your life -The narrative needs to include the people, times, places, and objects -During your description of the event you need to include your feelings (how you felt then), but at the end of the narrative you need to tell your reader your feelings now as you look back on it (how you feel now) Autobiographical Incident at a Glance Middle Beginning -Introduces the incident in an interesting way -Includes the people involved and the setting -Tell why the incident is important to you -Write about a single incident -Identify the people, places, times and objects involved -Describes the incident using descriptive details and dialogue -Describe your feelings THEN End • Tells the outcome and importance of the incident • Presents the writer’s feelings about the experience NOW RUBRIC STANDARDS FOR WRITING A successful autobiographical incident should: • Grab readers’ attention at the beginning • Focus on one incident that is important to you • Identify people, places, times, and objects involved in the experience • Describe your feelings then • Describe your feelings now • Have vivid descriptions • Include dialogue Planning Your Autobiographical Incident Essay 1.Free-write about the incident. Take a few minutes to write down everything that you remember about the incident. What happened? When? Where? Who was involved? How did you feel at the time? Planning Your Autobiographical Incident Essay 2. Fill in the details. Go back to what you wrote about the incident. Flesh out the description of the time, the place, and the people involved. Planning Your Autobiographical Incident Essay 3. Think about the significance of the event. Why do you remember the incident? What did you learn? Did it change you? Planning Your Autobiographical Incident Essay 4. Tell your story aloud. Share your story with others. Can they visualize, or picture, what happened? Do they have questions about the order of events? Then start your first draft. Writing Your Autobiographical Incident 5. Begin drafting your essay. Remember that you can revise and reorganize your writing later. Try to give readers a strong sense of the incident. Show rather than tell why it is important to you. Include well chosen sensory details and dialogue as you plan your essay. Remember to start off with a strong beginning and conclude with a memorable ending. Sensory Detail Practice Tell me about your favorite home-cooked meal: -Sense of smell -Sense of sight -Sense of touch -Sense of taste -Sense of hearing * Thoughts and emotions A Captivating Beginning What sounds better: A. One day this past summer I went to the beach. B. It was a warm summer day and I could smell the salt in the ocean breeze. Figurative Language Simile -A comparison of two things that are not the same using the words like or as. • She was strong as the wind. • The clouds look like spilled milk. • I am as fast as an eagle. Metaphor-A comparison of two things that are not the same without using the words like or as. • She was the strong wind. • The clouds are spilled milk. • I am a fast eagle. Figurative Language Personification-Attributing human qualities to objects, animals, or things. • The wind was her mother. • The clouds talked to the sun. • The eagle commanded attention. • Hyperbole -An obvious and intentional exaggeration. An extravagant statement not to be taken literally • We waited for eternity. • I told you a million times. • Her hair is ninety feet long. Idioms- An expression where the meaning is not understood from the actual definition of the words. • She broke my heart. • I fell in love. • He kicked the bucket Figurative Language Practice • Create a simile or a metaphor for each person, place, thing, or idea: -A parent -Your best friend -A subject in school -A T.V. show -Something special to you Ok let’s move on.. -I am going to pass out the window pane and teach the hand motions that go with it!! *Note: I have graphic organizers to plan your autobiographical incident so make sure to ask me if you would like one =) Make Sure to Have a Strong Ending! What sounds better? A. The day I learned to ride a bike was the day I learned about trust. B. It was a really good day. REVISION Adding • Detail • Description • Figurative language • Specifics • • • • Clarification Sentence expansion Idea expansion New info REVISION Deleting • • • • Repetitions Unimportant, irrelevant info Sentence combining Parts to ANOTHER story REVISION Re-arranging • Re-sequence • Re-order to produce a DESIRED effect • Re-order for logic REVISION Substituting: Increasing the VIVIDNESS of language • Replace DEAD Words • Replace OVERUSED words • Replace one idea for a better one Writing Your Autobiographical Incident TARGET SKILL: MAKING THE ORDER OF EVENTS CLEAR To help your readers understand the order in which things happened, use transitional words and phrases. Some words that indicate time include: to start off, at first, second, next, then, after, earlier, before, later, finally, and at the present time. Writing Your Autobiographical Incident TARGET SKILL : MAKING THE ORDER OF EVENTS CLEAR Transitions are especially important if you begin your narrative in the middle of the incident or at the conclusion of the incident. EDITING Correcting “Errors” & “Mistakes” EDITING • • • • Spelling Punctuation Capitalization Grammar & Usage EDITING Punctuation • Periods at the end of sentences • Quotation marks for dialogue EDITING Capitalization • of proper nouns • Letters of the first word in sentences EDITING Grammar & Usage • NO Run-on sentences • NO sentence fragments • Subject-Verb Agreement That’s All Make sure you edit before Monday!!! You must have your rough draft done to get points for the activity on Monday!!!