Indirect

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Indirect
Question
without
Question Word
หลักสำหรับกำรเปลีย่ น
Direct
เป็ น Indirect
Question
1. เปลี่ยนกริ ยานา (Introducing Verb) ดังนี้
Say
เป็ น ask หรื อ inquire
Said
เป็ น asked หรื อ inquired
Said to + บุคคล เป็ น asked + บุคคล
หรื อ inquired of + บุคคล
2. ถ้าประโยคคาถามใน Direct speech นั้น ขึ้นต้นคาถามด้วย
Verb to do
Verb to have
Verb to be
และกริ ยาช่วยจาพวก will , shall , can , may , must , etc.
ให้ใช้ if หรื อ Whether เป็ นคาเชื่อมระหว่างประโยคนา กับประโยคตามใน
indirect speech หรื อ indirect Question
ส่ วน Verb to do (ถ้ามี) ให้ตดั ทิ้งเสี ย
สาหรับ Verb to be,
Verb to have ,
และกริ ยาตัวอื่นๆ ให้เอาไปวางหลังตัวประธานในประโยคตาม
3. หรื อถ้าประโยคคาถามใน Direct Speech นั้นขึ้นต้นประโยคด้วยคา
Question Word คือ What , Where , When , Why,
Who , Which etc.
ไม่ตอ้ งใส่ if หรื อ whether เข้ามา
(เพราะ Question Word ทาหน้าที่แทนไปในตัวแล้ว)
4. การเปลี่ยน Tense และคาอื่นๆ ยังคงใช้หลักเดิม
5. ข้อความของ Indirect Question ต้องเรี ยงคาอย่างประโยคบอกเล่า
กำรใช้ if หรือ whether เป็ นคำเชื่อมนีจ้ ะใช้ or not ตำมหลังก็ได้
If
(a) He asked me if she lived there.
(b) He asked me if she lived there or not.
Whether (a) He asked me whether she lived there.
(b) He asked me if she lived there or not.
ขึน้ ต้ นประโยคด้ วย Verb
to be
Direct : He said to me,
“Are you leaving for London today ?”
เขาพูดกับผมว่า “คุณจะไปลอนดอนวันนี้หรื อ ?”
Indirect : He asked me if I was leaving for
London that day.
เขาถามผมว่าผมจะไปลอนดอนวันนั้นหรื อไม่
ขึน้ ต้ นด้ วย Verb to have
Direct
: He said to me,
“ Have you a friend in Paris ? ”
เขาพูดกับผมว่า “คุณมีเพื่อนอยูท่ ี่ปารี สไหม”
Indirect : He asked me whether I had a
friend in Paris.
หรื อ He inquired of me whether I had
a friend in Paris or not.
เขาถามผมว่า ผมมีเพื่อนอยูท่ ี่ปารี สหรื อไม่
ขึน้ ต้ นด้ วย Verb
to do
Direct : He said to us, “Do you speak English ?”
เขาพูดกับเราว่า, “พวกคุณพูดภาษาอังกฤษหรื อ”
Indirect : He asked us if we spoke English.
เขาถามพวกเราว่า พูดภาษาอังกฤษกันหรื อไม่
ขึ้นต้นด้วยกริ ยาช่วยตัวอื่นๆ
Direct
: Bill said to me, “ Will you study
physics tomorrow ?”
บิลพูดกับผมว่า “คุณจะเรี ยนฟิ สิ กส์พรุ่ งนี้หรื อ”
Indirect : Bill asked me if (whether) I would
study physics the next day (or not).
บิลถามผมว่า ผมจะเรี ยนฟิ สิ กส์หรื อไม่วนั ต่อไป
ขึ้นต้นด้วยกริ ยาช่วยตัวอื่นๆ
Direct : She said to him, “Can you spell Australia?”
หล่อนพูดกับเขาว่า, “คุณสามารถสะกดคา Australia ได้ไหม”
Indirect : She asked him if he could spell
“Australia”.
หล่อนถามเขาว่า เขาสามารถสะกดคา Australia ได้หรื อไม่
กฎกำรทำ Indirect
question with out question word.
1. ถอดเครื่ องหมายคาพูด “
” ออก
2. กริ ยาด้านหน้าเปลี่ยน say to เป็ น ask
หรื อ said to เป็ น asked
แล้วตามด้วย if หรื อ whether
3. กำรลำดับคำต้ องอยู่ในรู ปประโยคบอกเล่ ำ
4. ตัดเครื่ องหมาย ? (question mark) ออก ใส่ . (full stop) แทน
5. กริ ยาในเครื่ องหมายคาพูดนั้นให้เปลี่ยนไป ถ้ากริ ยาด้านหน้าเป็ น past ตามกฎ
Exercise
1. I wondered, “Do all the people really believe such nonsense?”
whether all the people really believed such nonsense.
I wondered ………………………………………………
2. He said to me, “ Are you leaving for London today?”
if I was leaving for London that day.
He asked me …………………………………………
3. “ Would you mind sitting on the other chair, please?” She said.
whether I would mind sitting on the other chair.
She asked me…………………..……………………..
4. She said to me, “Have you some friends in New York?”
if I had some friends in New York.
She asked me…………………………………….
5. He said to me, “Have you met my girl-friend?”
if I had met his girl-friend.
He asked me……….……………………………
6. They asked us, “ Are you hungry?”
if we were hungry.
They asked us …………………………………….
7. He said, “Do you know the answer to this problem, Mary?”
if I knew the answer to that problem.
He asked Mary ……………………………………...
8. He asked me, “Do you know the way to the airport?”
if I knew the way to the airport.
He asked me…………………………….………………
9. He said to us, “Are you going to pattaya tomorrow?”
if we were going to pattaya the next day.
He asked us…………………………..…………………
10. He asked me, “Will you help me?”
I would help him.
He asked me if
…………………………………………..
11. He said, “Do you speak Japanese?”
if I spoke Japanese.
He asked……………………………..………………..
12. “Did you give the book to Bill?” I asked her.
if she had given the book to Bill.
I asked her…………………..……………………………
13. Jim said, “Does she live in America?”
she lived in America.
Jim asked whether………………………………………..
14. Nan said, “Did Helen come to the party?”
if Helen had gone to the party.
Nan asked……………………………………………..
15. Joseph says to me, “Are you Malaysian?”
if I am Malaysian.
Joseph asks me …………………..………………….
Exercise
Choose the correct answer.
1. Frank said to mother , “Can you make a cake?”
Frank asked mother………………………….
a.
b.
c.
d.
if she made a cake.
if could she make a cake.
if she had made a cake.
if she could make a cake.
2. Andrew said to Ruth, “ Did you answer the phone
yesterday? “
Andrew asked Ruth……………………………….
a.
b.
c.
d.
if she had answered the phone the day before.
if had she answered the phone the day before.
if she answered the phone the day before.
if she would answer the phone the day before.
3. Brain said to Diana ,” Have you heard a strange noise?”
Brain asked Diana …………………………………
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I heard a strange noise.
if you had heard a strange noise.
if she had heard a strange noise.
if had I heard a strange noise.
4. Sue said to me , “ Is an English teacher kind? “
Sue asked me………………………………………
a.
b.
c.
d.
if an English teacher is kind
if an English teacher was kind
if an English teacher had been kind
if was an English teacher kind
5. Clare said to me ,” Was you at home yesterday?”
Clare asked me……………………………………
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I was at home the day before.
if I was being at home the next day.
if I had been at home the day before.
if I have been at home the next day.
6. Anne said to Bill, “ Was your dog barking?”
Anne asked Bill…………………………………..
a.
b.
c.
d.
if his dog had been barking.
if his dog was barking.
if had his dog been barking.
if was his dog barking.
7. Helen said to me, “ Are you leaving now”
Helen asked me……………………………….
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I was leaving now.
if you had been leaving now.
if I was leaving then.
if had you been leaving then.
8. Mother said to Jim, “ Did you break all the dishes?”
Mother asked Jim……………………………..
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I broke all the dishes.
if he had broken all the dishes.
if I had broken all the dishes.
if had he broken all the dishes.
9. Andrew said to me, “ Have you seen my son?”
Andrew asked me…………………………...
a.
b.
c.
d.
if he had seen my son.
if had I seen my son.
if he saw my son.
if I had seen his son.
10. Elizabeth said to Mark, “ Have you known then?”
Elizabeth asked Mark ………………………….
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I had known then.
if he knew then.
if I had known you.
if he had known then.
11. He said to her , “Are you busy now?”
He asked her …………………………………..
a.
b.
c.
d.
if you was busy now.
if I was busy now.
if she was busy then.
if he had been busy then.
12. Mother said to them, “ Will you have yoghurt?”
Mother asked them…………………………….
a.
b.
c.
d.
if they would have yoghurt.
if we will have yoghurt.
if she would have yoghurt.
if will we have yoghurt.
13. She said to me,“ Are you Chinese?”
She asked me…………………………………
a.
b.
c.
d.
if she is Chinese.
if I am Chinese.
if she was Chinese.
if I was Chinese.
14. He says to Diana , “ Is it snowing now?”
He asks Diana ……………………………..
a.
b.
c.
d.
if
if
if
if
it is snowing then.
it was snowing now.
is it snowing now.
was it snowing then.
15. Helen said to Jason, “Will you come here now?”
Helen asked Jason……………………………..
a.
b.
c.
d.
if I would come there now.
if he would come there then.
if I will come there then.
if would he come now.
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