Aztecs

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Ms. Jeelani
AZTECS REVIEW
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
"The Aztecs had a strong belief that it was important to
alter the geography of the area in which they lived in
order to improve their ability to survive." Which Aztec
action could be used to support this statement?
The Aztecs settled in the high Valley of Mexico.
The Aztecs built dams and chinampa on Lake Texcoco.
The Aztecs considered floods to be the result of the
god Tlaloc
The Aztecs created a calendar which showed their
belief in the history of the world
ANSWER

B
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
For a historian trying to discover the religious beliefs of
the Aztecs, what source would be the most reliable?
A book describing the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs,
written by a Spanish priest.
An image from an Aztec codex showing the Aztec trade
with other cultures in the area.
Aztec poetry describing the role of young men serving
in the army.
An Aztec calendar stone, found in Mexico City.
ANSWER

D
CHAPTER 7

The worldviews of the Aztecs and Spanish were
similar in that both cultures believed that
a)
conquering an empire made their nations
stronger
contact with other peoples and nations was
undesirable
religious beliefs should not influence the way
people in society live
many gods influenced the culture of a nation
b)
c)
d)
ANSWER

A
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
In mountainous areas of India, where there are often
few spots flat enough to grow food, the people of those
areas would often make terraces. These are small, flat
pieces of land dug into the sides of hills, enabling the
growing of crops. The digging of these terraces in order
to overcome a geographic challenge would be most
similar to the Aztec practice of:
building temples
living in cities
creating the chimampa
building causeways
ANSWER

C
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
When the Spanish first landed on the coast of Mexico
and encountered societies that were part of the Aztec
Empire, many of these people were willing to help the
Spanish against the Aztecs. This willingness was most
likely a result of the Aztec practice of
forcing neighbouring people to follow the Aztec religion
creating a trading relationship with surrounding groups
creating a calendar which all neighbouring groups had
to use
forcing conquered groups to pay tribute
ANSWER

D
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
Which of the following statements about Aztec culture is
based upon the writer's opinion rather than on facts?
Many of the religious beliefs of the Aztecs were
illustrated in their calendar stones.
The Aztec practice of human sacrifice was mainly
aimed at nourishing their gods.
Changes made by the Aztecs destroyed the
environment of the Valley of Mexico.
The Aztec way of life often involved war and the
conquest of other groups
ANSWER

C
CHAPTER 7

The Aztecs:





a)
b)
c)
d)
Built aqueducts
Constructed causeways
Built "floating islands" for agriculture
Created a dyke in Lake Texcoco
The common factor with all of these is best be described as:
ways in which the Aztecs altered their environment.
methods used by the Aztecs to pay tribute to their gods.
predominant means used by the Aztecs to control their empire.
geographic advantages used by the Aztecs to trade with
neighbouring groups.
ANSWER

A
CHAPTER 7

a)
b)
c)
d)
Which of the following phrases describes a worldview
which was not generally shared by members of the Aztec
nation?
A belief that the gods controlled all aspects of their
world.
A desire to conquer or control a greater amount of
territory.
The commitment to protect the state from enemies.
The conviction that people should be able to choose
any religion
ANSWER

D
CHAPTER 8

Use the following features of Aztec society to answer
Questions 1 and 2:

Feature 1: Aztec society was set up in groups called
calpolli, usually made up of people from the same
families or occupations.
Feature 2: The Aztec Emperor had clearly defined roles
as the Head of State and leader of the army.
Feature 3: The clothes worn by Aztecs gave a clear
indication of their position in society.
Feature 4: The children of nobles and commoners in
Aztec society went to different schools.



CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
The features listed above could best be used to
support the conclusion that Aztec society
was based on a hierarchical social structure
was highly organized and democratic
valued the wants of the individual over the needs
of the state
encouraged the concept of equality among all
citizens
ANSWER

A
CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
Which statement could best be used to create a Feature
5, which would support the same position as the other
four Features?
The Aztec economy was based on a complicated
system of trading and barter.
Aztecs believed that obedience to superiors help
preserve the social order.
Slaves in Aztec society were often allowed to own
property and have their rights protected.
Punishment in Aztec courts was often the death
sentence.
ANSWER

B
CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
With which one of the aspects of Aztec society below
would people in Canada today most likely agree?
The Aztec use of slavery and human sacrifice.
The belief in the god-like status of the leader, the
Emperor.
Laws which regulate the type of clothing worn by
different social classes.
Beliefs which value citizens who would contribute to
the nation.
ANSWER

D
CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
Which of the following facts about slavery in Aztec society
could be used to defend the position that conditions for
Aztec slaves were not as bad as in some other cultures?
Slavery was used as a form of punishment for some crimes.
Slaves were often used as human sacrifices to nourish the
Aztec gods.
Slaves had the chance to work their way out of slavery and
become citizens.
Slaves performed the jobs in society not considered fit for
ordinary citizens.
ANSWER

C
CHAPTER 8

Medieval society in Europe and the Aztec
civilization in Mexico were most similar in that both
societies
a)
believed that all citizens should receive education
were centered around one major city
gave the leader ultimate power in making
decisions
encouraged citizens to improve their social status
b)
c)
d)
ANSWER

C
CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
The main goal of education in Aztec society was to
create loyal citizens to strengthen the state
allow citizens to explore their interests and use
their talents
teach children about other cultures and
civilizations
encourage students to be independent, critical
thinkers
ANSWER

A
CHAPTER 8

Large scale Aztec projects such as the building of
causeways, dykes and temples were most likely
paid for by
a)
contributions made by the nobles and warriors
selling farm goods and crafts in the marketplace
profits made from the sale of slaves
taxes paid by the merchants and farmers
b)
c)
d)
ANSWER

D
CHAPTER 8

a)
b)
c)
d)
Which of the following facts about the social classes in
Aztec society describes a feature which applied only to
the nobility?
Education was considered an important preparation for
citizenship for this class.
Leaders such as priests and government officials came
from this class.
The legal system and the rights of others had to be
respected.
Obedience to superiors was enforced, to preserve
social order
ANSWER

B
CHAPTER 8

Pretend that you are a student at an Aztec
school for commoners (telpochcalli). When the
Spanish first arrive in Tenochtitlan you meet a
Spanish soldier and describe (through a
translator) the aims and activities of your
typical school day. (You would have had to
explain it verbally, since commoners were not
taught to read) Describe your day including at
least three specific points of information about
your education.
ANSWER

Education for citizenship, service to the state,
military training, and may mention specific
activities such as physical labour, learning
about the Aztec history, religion and duties,
knowledge of singing and dancing, and
learning about family trades.
CHAPTER 9 ASSESSMENTS
Task: Individually, choose one of the following tasks using
Chapter 9
Create a pictorial timeline Research the contributions
to show the influence of the of two Spaniards (other than
Arab world and the Muslim Ferdinand and Isabella) to the
religion in Spain(Must have at development of worldview
least 10 events).
and Spanish expansion.
Write five paragraphs
Create 2 graphic organizers
expressing an opinion
(using Inspirations) to show the
about whether Ferdinand
central role of gold in
and Isabella were heroes or Spanish society and the
villains (Intro, #1, #2, #2,
central role of oil in Alberta.
Conclusion).
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