Tajweed Course - Gardens of Arabic

advertisement
Green Lane Masjid
Tajweed Foundation Level
Lesson 8
ُ‫ون ال َّسا ِكنَ ُة وال َتنو ُن‬
ُ ُّ‫الن‬
‫ا إلدغام‬
َ َّ ‫ُّ ن‬
َّ
ُ‫ التنوين‬and ‫ النو الس ِاكنة‬recap
َّ
ُ‫ التنوين‬is an extra noon at the end of nouns,
pronounced when continuing and dropped
when stopping or changed to an alif with a
stretch of 2 counts.
َّ
ُ‫ التنوين‬looks like this:
Tanween Fetha
‫ن‬
Tanween Kesrah
Tanween dhamma
‫ُّ ن َّ َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫‪ recap‬النو الس ِاكنة ‪ and‬التنوينُ‬
‫ّ َ َ َ ٌ۬ َّ َ ٌ۬ َ َ ۡ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ض وَّل بكرُ‬
‫ل إنهُ ۥ يقول إنها بق ُرة َّل فا ُر ُ‬
‫َو َج َع ۡل َنا س َرا ًجا َو َّهاجاً‬
‫﴿‬
‫ْ َ ٓ َ َ ۡ َٰ‬
‫َّ َ ۡ ْ‬
‫خذوا ما ءاتينـكم بُق ُو ٍة وٱذك ُروا‬
‫َ‬
‫ما فيهُ‬
َ َّ ‫ُّ ن‬
َّ
ُ‫ التنوين‬and ‫ النو الس ِاكنة‬recap
َ َّ ‫ُّ ن‬
ُ‫ النو الس ِاكنة‬is a noon without a vowel on it,
occuring in the middle and end of nouns, verbs
and prepositions, pronounced always and is
written.
َ
َ َ
َ
ۡ
َ
َ ‫ط َّٱلذ‬
ۡ‫ين ُأ ُن َع ۡمت َعل ۡيه ُم‬
‫ص ُرا‬
‫ون ال َّسا ِكنَ ُة وال َتنو ُنُ‬
‫النُّ ُ‬
‫إادغام‬
‫إاخفاء‬
‫إاظهار‬
‫إاقالب‬
Degfinition of Idgham
‫ إدغام‬linguistically: It means merging.
Applied Definition: It means merging a
non-voweled letter with another voweled
letter so that the two letters become one
emphasized letter of the second type.
Letters of Idgham
‫يرملون‬
forming the word
Idgham occurs when one word ends with
‫التنوين‬
‫يرملون‬
‫النون الساكنة‬
or
and the immediate word after it begins with one of the
above letters.
The ‫الساكنة‬
letter.
‫إدغام‬
‫ النون‬or ‫ التنوين‬are then merged into the idgham
can only be applied between two words and not within
one word.
Types of Idgham
‫ إدغام‬with ‫غنة‬
Types
of
Idgham
‫إدغام‬
without
‫غنة‬
Types of Idgham: ‫ إدغام‬with
lengthened ‫غنة‬
Its letters are:
‫ينمو = ي ن م و‬
If one of ‫ ينمو‬letters immediately
follow ‫ النون الساكنة‬in between two words:
 do not pronounce ‫النون الساكنة‬
 pronounce the letter after it
 Stretch the ‫ غنة‬to the same
length as ‫ نون ُم َش ّددَ ة‬.
Types of Idgham: ‫ إدغام‬with
lengthened ‫غنة‬
If one of ‫ ينمو‬letters immediately follow
‫ التنوين‬in between two words:
 Do not pronounce ‫التنوين‬
 Pronounce the vowel (i.e. ُُ
instead of ٌ
, instead of and
ٌ instead of ٌ )
 pronounce the letter after it
 Stretch the ‫ غنة‬to the same length
as ‫ نون ُم َش ّد َدة‬.
‫‪ with‬إدغام ‪Types of Idgham:‬‬
‫غنة ‪lengthened‬‬
‫ينمو = ي ن م و‬
‫‪Its letters are:‬‬
‫‪Examples:‬‬
‫ٌ۬ َ ۡ َ َ‬
‫فة ﴾ [ النازعات ‪]8 :‬‬
‫﴿ قل ُوب ُيومُِذُ ُواج ُ‬
‫َ ۡ ً َ َ َّ ًٌ۬‬
‫َّ َ ۡ َ نَ‬
‫﴿ َّل يسمعو فيها ل ُغ ُوُا ُوَّل ك ُذا ُبا ﴾‬
‫[النبأ‪]35:‬‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٓ‬
‫ُّ‬
‫ۡ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٌ۬‬
‫ّ‬
‫ٌ۬‬
‫ۡ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َّ‬
‫ين ﴾ [ المرسالت ‪:‬‬
‫ألم نخلقكم ُمن ُم ُا ٍء ُمه ٍ ُ‬
‫‪]20‬‬
Types of Idgham: ‫ إدغام‬without
‫غنة‬
Its letters are:
‫ر‬
‫ل‬
If one of the letters (‫ ) ل ر‬immediately follow ‫النون‬
‫ الساكنة‬or ‫ التنوين‬in between two words:
 do not pronounce ‫ النون الساكنة‬or ‫التنوين‬
 pronounce the letter after it with a little
emphasise to indicate the presence of a shedda.
 No ghunnah!
‫‪ without‬إدغام ‪Types of Idgham:‬‬
‫غنة‬
‫ل‬
‫ر‬
‫‪Its letters are:‬‬
‫‪Examples:‬‬
‫م َۡزةۡ ﴾ [ الهمزة ‪]8 :‬‬
‫م َۡزةۡ لۡ َ‬
‫ۡه َ‬
‫﴿ َويۡلۡ لۡڪُل ُ‬
‫ۡرحيمۡ﴾ [ يس ‪]58 :‬‬
‫سلَ ٰـمۡ َقول اۡمۡن َّرب َّۡ‬
‫﴿ َ‬
‫إدغام‬
‫ينمو‬
‫ل ر‬
with ghunnah
without ghunnah
Practice reading the idgham in:
Suratul Ghashia
Suratul Balad
Al-Baqarah:48
‫كامل‬
ِ ‫( إدغام‬Complete) and
َ
‫إدغام ناقص‬
(incomplete)
Has the ‫الساكنة‬
merged into the
‫ النون‬and ‫التنوين‬
‫ يرملو ُن‬letters?
been completely
 Read Al-Baqara : 48, 72, 5 and Al-Anaam :125
 Fill the table below with Y or N
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫م‬
‫ر‬
‫ي‬
Y
N
Y
Y
Y
N
‫ إدغام‬in terms of merging
‫إدغام‬
َ
‫الساكنة‬
‫النون ك ِامل‬
‫ والتنوين‬are
‫إدغام‬
َ
‫النواقنص‬
‫ن‬
‫الساكنة‬
‫ والتنوين‬are
completely merged
incompletely merged
into ‫ر‬
With
‫غنة‬
‫ ن م ل‬letters
Without
‫غنة‬
into
‫ و ي‬letters
leaving behind the
ghunnah
With
‫غنة‬
Idgham: Quick test (1)
True or False, with corrections
Idgham is only applied in between two words
Idgham can be with or without ghunnah
Idgham with ghunnah is applied in one word but
idgham without ghunnah is only applied in between
two words
Idgham: Quick test (2)
True or False, with corrections
There is idgham in the following words: ( ‫ال ُّد ْنيا‬
ٌ ‫ُب ْن‬
ٌ ‫ص ْن‬
ٌ ‫) قِ ْن‬
‫ين‬
‫وان‬
‫وان‬
ِ
List all the differences and similarities between
idgham with ghunnah and idgham without ghunnah.
Give examples of idgham, state which type it is.
َ
‫إدغام ك ِامل‬
A
‫نو ُن‬
in the Quran
without any vowel on it, and the letter
after it has a (
ّ
) on it, such as:
َّ
58 : ‫ ﴾ يس‬... ‫﴿ ُِمن ُر ِب‬
َّ
33 : ‫ ﴾ النور‬... ‫﴿ مُن ُمال‬
َ
‫إدغام ناقص‬
A
‫نو ُن‬
in the Quran
without any vowel on it, and the letter
after it does not have a (
ّ
) on it, such as:
َّ
58 : ‫ ﴾ يس‬... ‫﴿ ُِمن ُر ِب‬
َّ
33 : ‫ ﴾ النور‬... ‫﴿ مُن ُمال‬
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards