Warning: This organization is solely for peacekeeping. So if you need peacemaking this group. DO NOT ask “The Peacekeepers” A.K.A. the United Nations By: Nate Falk & Aishwarya Raje What is the United Nations? An international organization whose ultimate goal is to achieve world peace Purpose Help countries cooperate with international law. Promoting and ensuring human rights. Maintain friendly relations between countries Stopping environmental destruction. What Else is it up to? Has 6 official languages: -English -Arabic -Chinese -Spanish -French -Russian 193 Members Founded in 1945 (67 Years Old). Replaced the League of Nations. The League of Nations Formed after WWI to prevent another world war, obviously worked because there was no WWII….Oh Wait. Never had U.S. membership, Germany was only a member for 6 years, USSR member for 5 years, Japan and Italy withdrew in the 1930’s. Didn’t have support from powerful nations (‘merica). No military power Members unwilling to place sanctions The “Big Four” talk about all the successes of the League of Nations. IT WILL END ALL WARS, FOREVER (As You Know) Post WWII There were talks between USA, UK, China, and USSR to create another International organization. 1944: Representatives from those four Countries met in Washington D.C. to prepare a new organization. End of the War: Representatives of 50 Countries met in San Francisco to sign the United Nations Charter Charter of the United Nations Treaty ratified by most member states (Except the Catholic Church) -All Members Bound By its Articles July 1945: Signed and went into effect October of 1945 after approved by Security Council. -Security Council Members: USA, China, France, Russia, and UK. Meant to preserve peace, security, and human rights worldwide. 29 Chapters Can be Amended if approved by two thirds of General Assembly and Security Council. UN kept many ideals and structure of the League of Nations, but the goals of the UN were catered to a post war world. League Council became the UN Security Council. The UN is Born Membership States are admitted to membership in the UN by decision of the General Assembly upon recommendation of Security Council. Procedure: State submits an application to Secretary-General and letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the charter Security Council considers application. Recommendation must receive votes from 9 0f 15 members of Security Council. US, China, France, Russia, and UK (Permanent Members) must all approve. Leadership The Great Leaders of the United Nations General Assembly Main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN. Provides unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter Meets intensively from September December and whenever else required. Subsidiary Bodies: Boards, Commissions, Committees, Councils/Panels, and Working Groups. Led by President Nassir Aboulaziz Al-Nasser (Picked by Assembly). -Has 21 Vice Presidents Security Council Maintenance of international peace of security. Ways they “TRY” to bring peace: Threat: Recommend the parties to try to reach agreement by peaceful means. Can appoint special representatives. Fighting: Attempt to bring to end ASAP. Sends in UN Peace Keeping forces to help reduce tensions. Keep opposing forces apart and create conditions of calm in which peace can be sought. And We Continue With More Security Council Fun Currently the UK is the President of Security council. Rotates once a month and country is chosen through English alphabetical order. Feb 2012: Togo March 2012: UK April 2012: US May 2012: Azerbaijan Subsidiary Bodies Peacebuilding Commission Sanctions Commission Office of the Ombudsman Counter Terrorism Committee 1540 Committee UN Compensation Commission International Criminal Tribunal/ Yugoslavia International Criminal Tribunal/ Rwanda Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict Working Group on Documentation Economic and Social Council President: Milos Koterec (Elected for 1 Year Term) Where economic, social, and environmental issues are discussed and debated. Policy recommendations issued 54 Member States elected by General Assembly for 3 year terms. Functional Commissions Statistical Commission Commission on Population and Development Commission for Social Development Commission on Status of Women Commission on Narcotic Drugs Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Commission on Science and Technology for Development Commission on Sustainable Development UN Forum on Forests Trusteeship Council President: Michel Duclos Authorized to examine and discuss reports from the Administering Authority on politics, economics, social, and educational advancement of peoples Trust Territories. Suspended operation on November 1st 1994 -These days only meets when President asks International Court of Justice Based out of Hague, Netherlands Principal Judicial organ in the UN Settles disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to UN and its specialized agencies Secretariat Headed by Ban Ki-Moon -Selected by General Assembly, recommended by Security Council. Can be vetoed by permanent members. Carries out day to day work of organization -Administering peacekeeping operations -Surveying economic and social trends -Preparing studies on human rights Repertory of Practice of UN Organs Legal publication containing analytical studies of the decisions of the principal organs of the UN. Comprehensive summary of the decisions UN organs made and serves to throw light on questions of application and interpretation of the UN charter in practice. The Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages of Membership Provides government officials to meet, share ideas, and consult on international problems Ability to create potential for peaceful solutions Help establish norms that many countries would like to live by Ability to provide critical services that are essential to international peace, security, stability, and prosperity Disadvantages: Now it Gets Fun Plagued with bureaucracy so tough to have to a voice if you have opposing views. Many of the UN Security Council/ Permanent Members are not democratic, tough to enforce democracy when two of the countries are not. Member nations owe billions of dollars to UN. Cost a lot of money to join, money go towards missions and paying for employees. Many peacekeeping missions cannot be effective because they are NEUTRAL Tough to make executive order because countries federal governments could go against the orders. UN International Impact United Kingdom Permanent Security Council member Has United Nations Association of the UK; meant to educate citizens about UN Charter Typically vote to get involved in foreign issues -US and UK send the most peacekeepers out of all in the Security Council Talking like the UK is still an empire to fear China Permanent Security Council Member, original member Usually doesn’t want to get involved in other countries, abstains from resolutions not concerning china Recently vetoed decision to call for Syrian president to step down Hu Jintao giving a legitimate reason why Assad should stay President Russia The band is having a reunion tour. MUST SEE Permanent Security Council member, original member Very supportive of UN involvement in Africa Active in Middle East peace resolution Against Iraq war and vetoed for Syrian President, Assad, to step down Iran UN has placed 6 sanctions banning nuclear exports to Iran Member since 1945 Supported UN resolution on Syria Has accused UN of being too pro west and anti Iran, calling it “politicized” Ahmadinejad at General Assembly meetings has been controversial , causing diplomats to walk out during his speeches, calling 9/11 “mysterious”. Also said NATO sanctions drug trafficking The speech Ahmadinejad just made is too accurate for them to handle. Those silly Westerners Mexico The master of articulating his points: Presidente Felipe Calderon Member since 1945 One of the largest contributors to UN Become more active in peacekeeping missions Part of “Uniting for Consensus” or better known as “Coffee Club”, which opposes the expansion of the Security Council and expand the non permanent seats instead Nigeria Member since 1960 UN building in Abuja bombed, Boko Haram claimed responsibility UN formally asked Nigeria to work harder in fighting corruption in order for them to develop How can their be a conflict in Nigeria with a President with that much hat swag? Syria and Rwanda actually wish that. Along with many other nations that you’ve brought “peace” to! Work Cited Cartoon Archive. Digital image. Clay Bennett. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <http://www.claybennett.com/images/archivetoons/irrelevant.jpg>. "Charter of the United Nations." UN.org. 2012. Web. 22 Mar. 2012. <http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/index.shtml>. China's Flag. 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