Ch18

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Chapter 18
Renewing the Sectional
Struggle, 1848–1854
Question
All of the following were true of popular sovereignty
EXCEPT
a) it developed because politicians felt the wisest strategy was to
sit on the lid of the slavery issue and ignore the boiling
beneath.
b) it was intended to completely ignore the agitation of zealous
northern abolitionists and impassioned
southern “fire-eaters.”
c) it was the doctrine that stated that the sovereign people of a
territory, under the general principles of the Constitution, should
themselves determine the status of slavery.
d) advocates of the principle hoped to dissolve the most stubborn
national issue of the day into a series of local issues.
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Answer
All of the following were true of popular sovereignty
EXCEPT
a) it developed because politicians felt the wisest strategy was to
sit on the lid of the slavery issue and ignore the boiling
beneath.
b) it was intended to completely ignore the agitation of zealous
northern abolitionists and impassioned
southern “fire-eaters.” (correct)
c) it was the doctrine that stated that the sovereign people of a
territory, under the general principles of the Constitution, should
themselves determine the status of slavery.
d) advocates of the principle hoped to dissolve the most stubborn
national issue of the day into a series of local issues.
Hint: See pages 416–417.
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Question
All of the following were true of the Free Soil party EXCEPT
a) it was organized by ardent antislavery men in the North, who
distrusted both Cass and Taylor.
b) they came out foursquare for the Wilmot Proviso and against
slavery in the territories.
c) their candidate, Martin Van Buren, won enough electoral votes
to force the election into the House of Representatives, where
they ultimately were able to force the repeal of
the Gag Rule.
d) going beyond other antislavery groups, they broadened their
appeal by advocating federal aid for internal improvements and
by urging free government homesteads for settlers.
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Answer
All of the following were true of the Free Soil party EXCEPT
a) it was organized by ardent antislavery men in the North, who
distrusted both Cass and Taylor.
b) they came out foursquare for the Wilmot Proviso and against
slavery in the territories.
c) their candidate, Martin Van Buren, won enough electoral votes
to force the election into the House of Representatives, where
they ultimately were able to force the repeal of
the Gag Rule. (correct)
d) going beyond other antislavery groups, they broadened their
appeal by advocating federal aid for internal improvements and
by urging free government homesteads for settlers.
Hint: See page 417.
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Question
All of the following were true of the California Gold Rush
EXCEPT
a) the territorial government was well-prepared for the
onslaught of gold-seekers.
b) tens of thousands of people came into the future
Golden State.
c) a high proportion of the newcomers were lawless
men.
d) many ‘49ers were accompanied or followed by
virtueless women.
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Answer
All of the following were true of the California Gold Rush
EXCEPT
a) the territorial government was well-prepared for the
onslaught of gold-seekers. (correct)
b) tens of thousands of people came into the future
Golden State.
c) a high proportion of the newcomers were lawless
men.
d) many ‘49ers were accompanied or followed by
virtueless women.
Hint: See page 419.
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Question
The Underground Railroad was
a) an early experiment in subterranean (“subway”) stations in the
cities of Boston, Philadelphia, and New York.
b) the mythical tunnel built through a high pass in the Rockies by
legendary ex-slave John Henry in his fatal duel with a
mechanical steam drill.
c) a key component of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, proposed by
Stephen Douglas, in order to facilitate a northern railroad
terminus in Chicago.
d) a virtual freedom train consisting of antislavery homes, through
which runaway slaves were spirited by abolitionists
“conductors.”
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Answer
The Underground Railroad was
a) an early experiment in subterranean (“subway”) stations in the
cities of Boston, Philadelphia, and New York.
b) the mythical tunnel built through a high pass in the Rockies by
legendary ex-slave John Henry in his fatal duel with a
mechanical steam drill.
c) a key component of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, proposed by
Stephen Douglas, in order to facilitate a northern railroad
terminus in Chicago.
d) a virtual freedom train consisting of antislavery homes, through
which runaway slaves were spirited by abolitionists
“conductors.” (correct)
Hint: See pages 420–421.
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Question
All of the following were true of the concessions in the
Compromise of 1850 EXCEPT the
a) North got California admitted as a free state.
b) South got New Mexico and Utah open to popular
sovereignty.
c) North got abolition of both the slave trade and of
slavery in the District of Columbia.
d) South a more stringent fugitive-slave law, going
beyond that of 1793.
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Answer
All of the following were true of the concessions in the
Compromise of 1850 EXCEPT the
a) North got California admitted as a free state.
b) South got New Mexico and Utah open to popular
sovereignty.
c) North got abolition of both the slave trade and of
slavery in the District of Columbia. (correct)
d) South a more stringent fugitive-slave law, going
beyond that of 1793.
Hint: See page 425.
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Question
All of the following were true of the Fugitive Slave Law
EXCEPT
a) “the Bloodhound Bill” stirred up a storm of opposition in the
North.
b) the fleeing slaves could not testify in their own behalf, and they
were denied a jury trial.
c) the federal commissioner who handled the case of a fugitive
would receive ten dollars if the runaway were freed and five
dollars if not.
d) freedom-loving northerners who aided the slave to escape
were liable to heavy fines and jail sentences.
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Answer
All of the following were true of the Fugitive Slave Law
EXCEPT
a) “the Bloodhound Bill” stirred up a storm of opposition in the
North.
b) the fleeing slaves could not testify in their own behalf, and they
were denied a jury trial.
c) the federal commissioner who handled the case of a fugitive
would receive ten dollars if the runaway were freed and five
dollars if not. (correct)
d) freedom-loving northerners who aided the slave to escape
were liable to heavy fines and jail sentences.
Hint: See pages 425–426.
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Question
All of the following were true of Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of
1850 EXCEPT it
a) guaranteed the American right of transit across the isthmus in
return for Washington’s pledge to maintain the “perfect
neutrality” of the route, so that the “free transit of traffic might
not be interrupted.”
b) stipulated that neither America nor Britain would fortify or seek
exclusive control over any future isthmian waterway.
c) avoided a full-blown confrontation with Britain.
d) was later rescinded by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901.
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Answer
All of the following were true of Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of
1850 EXCEPT it
a) guaranteed the American right of transit across the isthmus in
return for Washington’s pledge to maintain the “perfect
neutrality” of the route, so that the “free transit of traffic might
not be interrupted.” (correct)
b) stipulated that neither America nor Britain would fortify or seek
exclusive control over any future isthmian waterway.
c) avoided a full-blown confrontation with Britain.
d) was later rescinded by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901.
Hint: See page 428.
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Question
All of the following were true of the Ostend Manifesto
EXCEPT
a) it urged that the Pierce administration offer $120 million for
Cuba.
b)
it presumed that if Spain refused the offer, the United States
would “be justified in wresting” the island from the Spanish.
c) Northern free soilers rose up in wrath against the “manifesto of
brigands.”
d) the red-faced Pierce administration pushed the plans to acquire
Cuba through Congress, but the law was overturned by the
Supreme Court.
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Answer
All of the following were true of the Ostend Manifesto
EXCEPT
a) it urged that the Pierce administration offer $120 million for
Cuba.
b)
it presumed that if Spain refused the offer, the United States
would “be justified in wresting” the island from the Spanish.
c) Northern free soilers rose up in wrath against the “manifesto of
brigands.”
d) the red-faced Pierce administration pushed the plans to acquire
Cuba through Congress, but the law was overturned by the
Supreme Court. (correct)
Hint: See page 430.
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Question
The Treaty of Kanagawa was signed between the
United States and
a) the Apache.
b) the Sioux.
c) China.
d) Japan.
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Answer
The Treaty of Kanagawa was signed between the
United States and
a) the Apache.
b) the Sioux.
c) China.
d) Japan. (correct)
Hint: See page 431.
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Question
All of the following were consequences of the KansasNebraska Act EXCEPT
a) it effectively repudiated the Missouri Compromise.
b) it repealed the Compromise of 1850.
c) antislavery northerners were angered by what they
condemned as an act of bad faith by the
“Nebrascals” and their “Nebrascality.”
d) all future compromise with the South would be
immeasurably more difficult, and without
compromise, there was bound to be conflict.
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Answer
All of the following were consequences of the KansasNebraska Act EXCEPT
a) it effectively repudiated the Missouri Compromise.
b) it repealed the Compromise of 1850. (correct)
c) antislavery northerners were angered by what they
condemned as an act of bad faith by the
“Nebrascals” and their “Nebrascality.”
d) all future compromise with the South would be
immeasurably more difficult, and without
compromise, there was bound to be conflict.
Hint: See page 434.
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