Tutorial PPT - NUS Libraries

advertisement
Library Tutorial for
SC2208 Population & Society
http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/sc2208
Hayati Abdul
Resource Librarian (Sociology)
[email protected]
1
SC2208 Library guide &
Tutorial PPT in IVLE
2
What You’ll Learn
Understand the research process
Find citations & full-text articles
Use advanced searching techniques
Search subscribed databases
Evaluate information sources.
3
Get Started
4
Exploring a Topic
Choose a topic that interest you personally
Get ideas from scanning books, encyclopedias,
journal or newspaper articles
Ensure that your topic has sufficient resources
Avoid topics that are too broad or too narrow.
5
The Research Process
List synonyms, related
words & variant spellings
Create search
statement
Identify main
keywords
Explore
Search for sources using
LINC+/LINC & databases
Topic
Complete your
assignment
Get more sources by
checking references
no
yes
Are there enough? Evaluate
quality, currency, relevance, etc.
6
Information Sources
Source
Useful for
How to Access
Books
Overview of topics
LINC+, LINC
In-depth treatment of topics,
usually current and scholarly.
Some journals may be peerreviewed
Citations: databases
Full-text: LINC+,
LINC
Recent events, anecdotes,
book reviews, interviews,
biographical information, “data”
Factiva, LexisNexis,
microfilms
Journal articles
Newspapers
Theses &
dissertations
Websites
(.edu, .gov, .org )
Students’ exploration of topics
Exploring the topic
LINC+, LINC,
Proquest
Dissertations &
Theses
Search engines
7
Evaluating Information Sources
Authority: reputable publisher, society or organisation;
author’s credentials & institutional affiliation
Accuracy: methods of research; means to verify data;
support by references
Objectivity: biasness
Currency: up-to-date
Scholarly: peer reviewed, cited
More info at:
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/553/03/
http://www.usg.edu/galileo/skills/unit09/
8
Scholarly & Peer-Reviewed Journals
Scholarly journals contain articles written by
and for experts in a discipline
Many scholarly journals use a peer review
process before publishing an article
Note: not all scholarly journals go through the
peer-review process, but a peer-reviewed
journal can be assumed to be scholarly.
9
The Peer-Review Process
S=scientist
E=editor
R=reviewer
10
Create Search Statement
11
2.Think of synonyms, alternative terms
You have a topic
and
Babies - childbearing,
fertility,
want to
find books and
birth
rate
journal articles.
Singapore - Singapore
1. Identify keywords/concepts that
describe your research topic:
Why aren’t Singaporeans having
babies?
12
More about Keywords
Keywords are distinctive words and phrases that you type
into the search boxes of search engines.
Choose only the most important word(s) from your topic.
Phrase searching narrows your search.
Databases cannot process words like article, pronouns,
prepositions, etc.
Omit them as sheer frequency of these words can derail search.
Can also use formal vocabulary for appropriate keywords e.g.
subject headings or thesaurus terms.
13
3. Combine keywords/concepts using Boolean
connectors
5.Create a search statement searching
AND = both terms must be present
all concepts & combining them with more
→ to refine search
than one Boolean operator:
A
→ fewer results
(childbearing OR fertility
OR birthNrate)
childbearing
singapore
AND Singapore
D
4. Group words to be searched together
with round parentheses ( )
OR = either terms may be present
(childbearing
OR fertility OR birth rate)
→ to broaden search
→ more results
fertility
childbearing
OR
NOT = excludes a search term
→ use with caution
14
Wildcard (?) & Truncation ( * )
Used to search terms that have variant endings
or spellings. E.g.
Health care financing for the ageing population
Search statement:
health care AND financ* AND
ag?ing AND population
financ* will find the terms finance, financial,
financially
ag?ing will find the terms ageing, aging
15
Databases
16
Finding Articles: Search Databases
Method 1: Browse
databases by subject
Method 2: Select a major
database listed here
Method 3: Search by
name of database e.g.
Sociological Abstracts
Note: Most databases do not provide full-text articles
17
Multidisciplinary Databases
Scopus
Multidisciplinary
Indexing database (no full text)
Usually offers links to full text
Good design, useful tools and easy to use
18
Let’s search
Topic
Why aren’t Singaporeans having babies?
Identify Keywords
#1:
childbearing,
fertility,
birth rate
#2:
Singapore
19
Let’s search
Enter search terms
Click to add additional search boxes
May limit search by Date, Document type, Subject Areas
20
Search Results
Sort results
by relevance
View
fulltext
via
publisher
site
Click to view abstract
View abstract
via CSA databases
Toggle to LINC to access source title
21
Output Search Results
Export selected
records to EndNote
Create QuickBib
 Mark
records
22
Output selected Results
Export selected
records to EndNote
Alternatively, create QuickBib
Select EndNote
23
Create Bibliography (Scopus QuickBib)
24
Introduction to EndNote
25
Citations and Bibliography
Two places to cite the references you have used:
within a sentence (in-text citation)
at the end of the document
(footnotes/bibliography/references)
In-text Citation
Herring and Paolillo (2006) found that the genre of a web
entry—rather than the gender of the writer—affects the style of
writing.
Bibliography/Reference
Herring, S. C., & J. C. Paolillo. (2006). “Gender and genre
variation in weblogs”. Journal of Sociolinguistics 10(4): 439-459.
27
Workflow
1. Create an EndNote Library
2. Add references to the EndNote Library
3. Manage references: using groups & finding duplicates
4. Insert references in MS Word (Cite While You Write)
5. Change citation style and preferences
28
Hands-on
Step 1: Create an EndNote Library
a.
b.
c.
d.
All programs > EndNote > EndNote Program
Select Create a new library
Each library has:
.enl
Filename: sociology (*.enl)
.Data
Save
Note: no limit to number of references, but <100,000 is
recommended
30
Step 2: Add References to EndNote
Library
Direct
Export
Import
Text File
Online
Search
Manual
Inputting
Import
PDF
EndNote
Library
MS Word/Open Office
Cite While You Write
31
EndNote Tutorials
From 1st to 4th Mar 2011.
Details available at
http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/content.php?pid=96551&si
d=723020
32
Let’s search these topics…
33
Let’s search
Topic
“Can't live with them, can't work without them”:
foreign workers in 'global city' Singapore. Discuss.
Identify Keywords
#1:
migrant workers
foreign workers
#2:
singapore
#3:
?
34
Let’s search
“Migration has been responsible for the
depopulation of rural areas and for the development
of giant cities.” Comment.
Topic
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
?
35
Let’s search…
Topic
Population aging has different health and social
effects for males and females. Discuss some of
these differences.
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
36
Let’s search…
Topic
“International migration should not be regulated by
governments because it is an issue of survival.”
Discuss.
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
37
Let’s search…
Topic
What happened to mortality rates and expectation
of life at birth over the course of the demographic
transition, and why?
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
38
Let’s search…
Topic
Because of China’s 1979 one-child policy and a
cultural preference for boys, there is now a shortage
of marriage-age girls. How is the Chinese
government and Chinese families dealing with this?
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
39
Let’s search…
Topic
Discuss the statement: “High levels of social
integration and social regulation reduces suicide.”
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
40
More Databases…
Sociological Abstracts
Coverage, 1979Culture, social structure, social differentiation, social
psychology, sociology of the arts, business, education,
studies in violence and power and more……
Note:
Search LINC for full-texts
41
Access Sociological Abstracts from Portal
42
Access Sociological Abstracts
43
Let’s search
Topic
Why do you think more women and men are
delaying marriage, or not marrying at all, in East
Asian and Southeast Asian countries?
Identify Keywords
#1:
#2:
#3:
?
44
Let’s search
May limit search
terms to specific
fields e.g. keywords
Enter search terms in boxes
Boolean
operators
Limit search by date
range, journal articles, etc
45
Search Results
Sort by relevance
Output selected records
Mark
records
Search for source
title in LINC
View full record & abstract
46
Output Selected Results
Select format
Create QuickBib
Select specific style
Save file to export
to EndNote using Sociological
Abstracts (CSA) filter
47
Locating full-text in LINC+
Let’s now output results in
Sociological Abstracts
Select to access e-version
Select to view
print volumes
48
Google Scholar
49
What about Google Scholar?
Attempts to provide a single search engine for
scholarly literature.
Note: Not all results come from scholarly sources
Good for quick research.
May offer a number of versions of the same
article depending on where it was found.
Search results may include links to full-text
articles freely available on the Internet.
Many links take you to publishers' websites
where access requires a subscriber login.
50
Proxy Bookmarklet
To access Full-text
Note: It works only for source
titles subscribed by NUS Libraries
51
What does a Proxy Bookmarklet
do?
•
Inserts the following NUS library proxy stem into
the URL of an article:
libproxy1.nus.edu.sg
Your web browser contacts
NUS proxy server
Proxy server makes the
"real" request from vendor
NUS Library
Proxy server
You want
article X
You get article X
Vendor
Vendor recognises
NUS proxy & responds
52
Install Library Proxy Bookmarklet
to access full-text
Cite References
54
Why Cite?
Provides evidence
for your
arguments and
adds credibility to
your work.
To help readers
find your sources
& go through
some of the steps
you took to reach
your conclusions.
To show your
teachers the work
that you have
done
Helps avoid
charges of
plagiarism.
55
The kinds of sources you need to cite…
Direct
quotations from
a book, article,
letter, email,
lecture, etc.
Single words, short
phrases, sentences &
passages quoted
from books or
articles used.
Statistics,
illustrations,
charts…
Ideas you draw
from a source
but present
entirely in your
own words.
Paraphrases and
summaries of
books, journal
articles,
pamphlets
56
ASA (American Sociological Association)
Citation Style
Journal Article (Single author)
If author’s name is in the text:
In text
… in another study by Chuan
(2010)
Reference list
Chuan, K. E. 2010. "Will
Singapore's fertility rise in the near
future? a cohort analysis of
fertility." Asian Population Studies
6:69-82.
57
ASA Citation Style
Journal Article (Multiple Authors)
In text
Reference list
If authors’ names are not in the text:
(Frejka, Jones, and Sardon 2010)
Frejka, T., G. W. Jones, and J. P. Sardon.
2010. "East Asian childbearing patterns
and policy developments." Population and
Development Review 36:579-606.
Retrieved December 12, 2010
(http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.libproxy1.nu
s.edu.sg/doi/10.1111/j.17284457.2010.00347.x/pdf)
58
ASA Citation Style
Book (Single Author)
In text
(Newbold, 2002)
Reference
list
Newbold, KB. 2002. Six billion plus:
population issues in the twenty-first
century: Rowman & Littlefield Pub
Inc.
59
ASA Citation Style
Book (Edited)
Authors cited for the first time:
In text
Jatrana, Toyota and Yeoh (2005)
Authors cited subsequently:
Jatrana et al. (2005)
Reference list
Jatrana, S, M Toyota, and BSA
Yeoh, eds. 2005. "Migration and
health in Asia." New York:
Routledge.
60
ASA Citation Style
Book chapter
In text
(Leheny, 2006)
Reference
list
Leheny, D. 2006. "A narrow place to cross
swords: 'soft power' and the politics of
Japanese popular culture in East Asia " Pp.
211-233 in Beyond Japan : the dynamics of
East Asian regionalism edited by P. J.
Katzenstein and T. Shiraishi. Ithaca, N.Y.:
Cornell University Press.
61
ASA Citation Style
Website
In text
Media Development Authority
(2006)
Reference list
Media Development Authority. 2010.
“Media classification: video games.”
Singapore: Media Development
Authority. Retrieved August 16, 2010
(http://mda.gov.sg/Public/MediaClassific
ation/Pages/VideoGames.aspx).
62
Search the Catalogue
63
Finding Full-text:
Search LINC or LINC+
LINC
LINC+
Search one field (title, author,
keyword, call no., ISBN) and
location/collection
Good for known item search (e.g.
journal titles)
Search many fields (title,
author, keyword, subject)
Good for browsing &
discovery
64
Finding Full-text:
Journal Record in LINC+
E-journal
publishers/providers
Our subscription
Latest vol, issue
Click for complete listing of
volumes in Bound Journals
65
and Closed Stacks
Tips
66
Troubleshooting Search Results
You may encounter:
too many results use AND, phrase search “ ”, more
specific keywords, limit results by date, document type, etc.
too few results  use OR, asterisk *, more general
keywords, synonyms/related words
many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are too
general
no results  check spelling, use more OR & synonyms, or
redefine your research topic
If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian!
67
Let’s Recap…
Use synonyms and related words
Create search statement using keywords plus
AND, OR, NOT, ( ), *, “ ”
Select fields e.g. article title, abstract
Limit/refine search by type (article, books,
reviews), date, peer-reviewed, etc
Sort results by relevance
Quality (Relevance) vs. Quantity
68
More
69
Appropriate Use
Library resources are mainly for your research
and study
Use them responsibly
Observe copyright guidelines for photocopying
and printing
- 10% or 1 chapter of book
- 1 article in a journal issue
Avoid excessive photocopying or downloading
Copyright violations may have serious
consequences
70
Getting Help
Phone:
6516-2029/30
Email:
[email protected]
[email protected] (general queries)
Walk in:
information desk (CL, level 5)
Others:
FAQs
Library Instruction ONline (LION)
Subject Guide
72
Happy Searching!
73
Download
Related flashcards

Types of organization

17 cards

Liberalism

24 cards

Democratic socialism

40 cards

Media in Kiev

23 cards

Types of organization

26 cards

Create Flashcards