Vocation in Islam - Arabic, Quran and Islamic Studies Female

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Lecturer: Aysha Wazwaz
B.A Islamic Law
M.A Contemporary Islamic Studies
PhD candidate in Islamic Studies
http://ayshawazwaz.wordpress.com
 Fitra: the pure state that humans are created in
 Islam considers every man born with a natural and pure fitra prone to




religiosity and belief in God or questioning life and what is behind life and
death.
ْ ُ‫وا بَلَى َش ِه ْدنَا أَن تَقُول‬
ْ ُ‫ْت بِ َربِّ ُك ْم قَال‬
َ ‫ُور ِه ْم ُذ ِّريَّتَهُ ْم َوأَ ْشهَ َدهُ ْم َعلَى أَنفُ ِس ِه ْم أَلَس‬
‫وا يَ ْو َم‬
َ ُّ‫َوإِ ْذ أَ َخ َذ َرب‬
ِ ‫ك ِمن بَنِي آ َد َم ِمن ظُه‬
ْ ُ‫] أَ ْو تَقُول‬172[ ‫ين‬
‫ك آبَا ُؤنَا ِمن قَ ْب ُل َو ُكنَّا ُذرِّ يَّةً ِّمن بَ ْع ِد ِه ْم أَفَتُ ْهلِ ُكنَا بِ َما فَ َع َل‬
َ ‫وا إِنَّ َما أَ ْش َر‬
َ ِ‫ْالقِيَا َم ِة إِنَّا ُكنَّا َع ْن هَ َذا َغافِل‬
]173[ ‫ون‬
َ ُ‫ْال ُمب ِْطل‬
(7: 172.): “ when Thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam - from their
loins - their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves,
(Saying): "Am I not your Lord (Who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said:
"Yea! we do testify!" (This), Lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of This
we were never mindful":
173. or Lest ye should say: "Our fathers before us may have taken false gods, but
we are (their) descendants after them: wilt Thou then destroy us because of the
deeds of men who were futile?"
174. Thus do we explain the Signs In detail; and Perchance They may turn (unto
us).
 The prophet peace be upon him said: “every man is
born with a fitra, but his parents make him Jewish, or
Christianize him or make him a Zoroastrian”.
 Many factors such as community, peers, parents,
politics or even sin may play major rolls in deluding
the fitra but the fitra in itself is pure and there.
ْ ِ‫ين َحنِيفًا ف‬
َّ ‫ق‬
َّ َ‫ط َرة‬
َ ‫اس َعلَ ْيهَا ال تَ ْب ِد‬
َ َّ‫ّللاِ الَّتِي فَطَ َر الن‬
ِ‫ّللا‬
ِ ‫ (( فَأَقِ ْم َوجْ هَ َك لِل ِّد‬
ِ ‫يل لِ َخ ْل‬
ُ ‫َذلِ َك ال ِّد‬
.]30:‫ون ))[الروم‬
َ ‫اس ال يَ ْعلَ ُم‬
ِ َّ‫ين ْالقَيِّ ُم َولَ ِك َّن أَ ْكثَ َر الن‬
 30. so set You (O Muhammad Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa
Sallam) Your face towards the Religion of pure
Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allâh Alone) ,
with which He has created mankind. No change let
there be in the creation of Allah, that is the Straight
religion, but Most of men know not. [Tafsir AtTabarî,
Vol 21, Page 41]
 ‫ قد أفلح من زكاها وقد خاب من‬،‫ فألهمها فجورها وتقواها‬،‫”ونفس وما سواها‬




“‫دساها‬
(90:7-10). 7. by the soul, and the proportion and order
given to it;
8. and its Enlightenment As to its wrong and its right;9. truly He succeeds that purifies it,
10. and He fails that corrupts it!
 (2: 164)
َّ َّ‫(لَقَ ْد َمن‬
 ‫ه ْم آيَاتِ ِه‬
َ ِ‫َّللاُ َعلَى ا ْل ُم ْؤ ِمن‬
ُ ‫ين إِ ْذ بَ َع َث فِي ِه ْم َر‬
ِ ُ‫سوالً ِمنْ أَ ْنف‬
ِ ‫س ِه ْم يَ ْتلُو َعلَ ْي‬
‫ين) (آل‬
َ ‫َاب َوا ْل ِح ْك َمةَ َوإِنْ َكانُوا ِمنْ قَ ْب ُل لَفِي‬
َ ‫َويُ َز ِّكي ِه ْم َويُ َعلِّ ُم ُه ُم ا ْل ِكت‬
ٍ ‫ض‬
ٍ ِ‫الل ُمب‬
)164:‫عمران‬

 (2: 164.) Allah did confer a great favour on the believers
when He sent among them an apostle from among
themselves, rehearsing unto them the revelation and
purifying them, and teaching them the book (revealed
guidance in Quran) and wisdom, when before that they
were in great delusion).
‫) فَلَ َّما َجنَّ َعلَ ْي ِه اللَّ ْي ُل َرأَى َك ْو َكبًا قَا َل َه َذا َربِّي فَلَ َّما‬75( َ‫ض َولِيَ ُكونَ ِمنَ ا ْل ُموقِنِين‬
َّ ‫ َو َك َذلِ َك نُ ِري إِ ْب َرا ِهي َم َملَ ُكوتَ ال‬
ِ ‫س َم َوا‬
ِ ‫ت َو ْاْلَ ْر‬
َ‫ضالِّين‬
َّ ‫) فَلَ َّما َرأَى ا ْلقَ َم َر بَا ِز ًغا قَا َل َه َذا َربِّي فَلَ َّما أَفَ َل قَا َل لَئِنْ لَ ْم يَ ْه ِدنِي َربِّي َْلَ ُكونَنَّ ِمنَ ا ْلقَ ْو ِم ال‬76( َ‫أَفَ َل قَا َل َال أ ُ ِح ُّب ْاْلفِلِين‬
‫) إِنِّي َو َّج ْهتُ َو ْج ِه َي‬78( َ‫ش ِر ُكون‬
ْ ُ‫س بَا ِز َغةً قَا َل َه َذا َربِّي َه َذا أَ ْكبَ ُر فَلَ َّما أَفَلَتْ قَا َل يَا قَ ْو ِم إِنِّي بَ ِريٌ ِم َّما ت‬
َّ ‫) فَلَ َّما َرأَى ال‬77(
َ ‫ش ْم‬
.)79( َ‫ش ِر ِكين‬
ْ ‫ض َحنِيفًا َو َما أَنَا ِمنَ ا ْل ُم‬
َّ ‫لِلَّ ِذي فَطَ َر ال‬
َ ‫ت َو ْاْلَ ْر‬
ِ ‫س َم َوا‬
 75. Thus did we show Ibrâhim (Abraham) the Kingdom of the heavens and the
earth that He be one of those who have faith with certainty.
 76. when the night covered Him over with darkness He saw a star. He said: "This is
My Lord." but when it set, He said: "I like not those that set."
 77. when He saw the moon rising up, He said: "This is My Lord." but when it set,
He said: "Unless My Lord guides Me, I shall surely be among the erring people."
 78. when He saw the sun rising up, He said: "This is My Lord. This is greater." but
when it set, He said: "O My people! I am indeed free from All that You join as
partners In Worship with Allâh.
 79. Verily, I have turned My face towards Him who has created the heavens and
the earth Hanifa (Islâmic Monotheism, i.e. worshipping none but Allâh Alone)
and I am not of Al-Mushrikûn (See V.2:105)".
‫ون‬
ِ ُ‫ُول إِ َّال ن‬
ٍ ‫ (( َو َما أَرْ َس ْلنَا ِم ْن قَ ْبلِ َك ِم ْن َرس‬
ِ ‫وحي إِلَ ْي ِه أَنَّهُ ال إِلَهَ إِ َّال أَنَا فَا ْعبُ ُد‬
.]25:‫))[األنبياء‬
 25. and we did not send any Messenger before You (O
Muhammad ) but we inspired him (saying): Lâ ilâha
illa Ana [none has the Right to be worshipped but I
(Allâh)], so Worship Me (Alone and none else)."
 Believing in One Almighty God without associating
any partners with Him.
 Worshiping one Almighty God, whether that worship
was ritual worship or acting upon the guidance of God
through action and life.
 Not considering any entity holding the attributes of
God, such as knowing the future, or having super
powers without the will of God (i.e. miracles)…
 Quran in most of its verses faces its words towards human mind and intellect
 Many verses in the Quran call on to mankind to think, or research or study or
read as
‫ { يا أيها الناس إن كنتم في ريب من البعث فإنا خلقناكم من تراب ثم من نطفة ثم من علقة ثم من مضغة مخلقة‬
‫وغير مخلقة لنبين لكم ونقر في األرحام ما نشاء إلى أجل مسمى ثم نخرجكم طفال ثم لتبلغوا أشدكم ومنكم من‬
‫يتوفى ومنكم من يرد إلى أرذل العمر لكي ال يعلم من بعد علم شيئا وترى األرض هامدة فإذا أنزلنا عليها الماء‬
5/‫ سورة الحج‬. } ‫اهتزت وربت وأنبتت من كل زوج بهيج‬
 22: 5. O mankind! if You are In doubt about the Resurrection, Then Verily! we have
created You (i.e. Adam) from dust, Then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of male and
female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), Then from a clot (a piece of thick
coagulated blood) Then from a little lump of flesh, some formed and some
unformed (miscarriage), that we may make (it) clear to You (i.e. to show You Our
power and ability to do what we will). and we Cause whom we will to remain In the
wombs for an appointed term, Then we bring You out as infants, Then (give You
growth) that You may reach Your age of full strength. and among You there is He
who dies (young), and among You there is He who is brought back to the miserable
old age, so that He knows nothing after having known. and You see the earth
barren, but when we send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and
puts forth Every lovely kind (of growth).
 ( 18: 29): {‫شاٌ فَ ْليَ ْكفُ ْر‬
ُّ ‫} َوقُ ِل ا ْل َح‬
َ ‫شاٌ فَ ْليُ ْؤ ِمن َو َمن‬
َ ‫ق ِمن َّربِّ ُك ْم فَ َمن‬
 29. and say: "The Truth is from Your Lord." Then
Whosoever wills, let Him believe, and Whosoever wills, let
Him disbelieve.
‫ وما تشاؤون إال أن يشاء ّللا‬،‫ لمن شاء منكم أن يستقيم‬،‫ ”إن هو إال ذكر للعالمين‬
“.‫رب العالمين‬

27. Verily, This (the Qur'ân) is no less than a Reminder
to (all) the 'Alamîn (mankind and jinns).
 28. to whomsoever among You who wills to take the
guidance
 29. and You will not, unless (it be) that Allâh wills, the
Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and All that exists).
ُ ‫ (( ا ْد‬
‫يل َرب َِّك بِ ْال ِح ْك َم ِة َو ْال َم ْو ِعظَ ِة ْال َح َسنَ ِة َو َجا ِد ْلهُ ْم بِالَّتِي ِه َي أَحْ َس ُن‬
ِ ِ‫ع إِلَى َسب‬
]125:‫))[النحل‬
 125. invite (mankind) to the Way of Your Lord (i.e.
Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration
and the Qur'ân) and fair preaching, and argue with
them in a way that is better. Truly, Your Lord knows
best who has gone astray from his path, and He is the
best Aware of those who are guided.
َّ ‫ين هَ َدى‬
َ ‫ (( أُ ْولَئِ َك الَّ ِذ‬:‫ ويقول تعالى في عدد من أنبيائه وحملة رسالته‬
ُ‫ّللا‬
]90:‫فَبِهُ َداهُ ُم ا ْقتَ ِد ِه ))[األنعام‬
 6: 90. they are those whom Allâh had guided. so follow
their Guidance. say: "No reward I ask of You for This
(the Qur'ân). it is Only a Reminder for the 'Alamîn
(mankind and jinns)."
‫ُوف‬
َ ‫ون إِلَى ْال َخي ِْر َويَأْ ُمر‬
َ ‫ (( َو ْلتَ ُك ْن ِم ْن ُك ْم أُ َّمةٌ يَ ْد ُع‬:‫ ويقول ّللا تعالى‬
ِ ‫ُون بِ ْال َم ْعر‬
]104:‫َويَ ْنهَ ْو َن َع ِن ْال ُم ْن َك ِر ))[آل عمران‬
 104. let there arise out of You a group of people inviting
to All that is good (Islâm), enjoining Al-Ma'rûf (i.e.
Islâmic Monotheism and All that Islâm orders one to
do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and
disbelief and All that Islâm has forbidden). and it is
they who are the successful.
 He sends correspondents to the rulers of Persia, Byzantine, Copts in
Egypt to talk to them about Islam
 He sends other companions to teach the people of Madina‫مصعب بن عمير‬
 He sends Ali and tells him: let the first thing you talk to them about is
Islam, and then tell them what Allah obligates them to do.
 He tells Mu’ath: “Start with telling people about worshiping God
Almighty alone, if they answer you to it then tell them about prayer…”
‫ [ ثم ادعهم إلى اإلسالم وأخبرهم بما يجب‬:‫ ويقول عليه الصالة والسالم لعلي رضي ّللا تعالى عنه‬
..‫عليهم من حق ّللا تعالى فيه ] الحديث‬

..‫ [ فليكن أو ما تدعوهم إليه شهادة أن ال إله إال ّللا ] الحديث‬:‫ ويقول لمعاذ لما بعثه إلى اليمن‬
 Worshiping God Almighty alone
 Guiding people to doing what is right
 Advising or sometimes ordering people to leave what is
wrong.
‫ فإن لم‬،‫ ”من رأى منكم منكرا فليغيره بيده‬:‫ قال رسول ّللا صلى ّللا عليه وسلم‬
( ‫ وذلك أضعف اإليمان )رواه مسلم‬،‫ فإن لم يستطع فبقلبه‬،‫يستطع فبلسانه‬
 Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah,
may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Whoever of
you sees
something wrong should change it with his hand; if he
cannot, then with his tongue; if he cannot, then with his
heart, and that is the weakest form of
belief.'" [Muslim]
 Quran and Sunnah are the main standards,
 Almighty says: “today I have perfected your religion”
 Muslims look for guidance within the guidelines of Islam without the need for




priesthood mentoring, as Muslims consider that all people are equal in trying
to obtain closeness to Allah Almighty.
Yet, one may seek help in attaining inner purification by taking guidelines from
a scholar that knows the guidelines of Islam and therefore enlightening the
Muslim on what to do in order to overcome inner weakness toward sin or inner
weakness toward doing what is good. Keeping in mind that the scholar is not
looked at as infallible or has connections with God Almighty, since he himself
maybe in need to apply such guidance. As a doctor he may advise his patients
not to smoke but be a smoker himself, he knows through his study that
smoking is harmful, but he may not apply it on himself.
The only infallible humans in Islam are the prophets who applied Allahs
guidance in action, Allah Almighty said: “
َّ ‫ين هَ َدى‬
،]90:‫ّللاُ فَبِهُ َداهُ ُم ا ْقتَ ِد ِه ))[األنعام‬
َ ‫ك الَّ ِذ‬
َ ِ‫(( أُ ْولَئ‬
(60: 6) . Certainly, there has been In them (i.e. the prophets) an excellent
example for You to follow, for those who look forward to (the Meeting with)
Allâh (for the reward from Him) and the Last Day. and Whosoever turn away,
Then Verily, Allâh is rich (Free of All wants), Worthy of All praise.
 All verses in the Quran that ask for calling for the
guidance of God Almighty are speaking to every
Muslim and not exclusive to any particular person or
group.
 More responsibility in guiding could be added to
certain people based on their :
 position such as political leaders, or even parents
 Knowledge which are the scholars that learned Islam to
teach it to other people.
 Capabilities such as knowing other languages or
scientific fields…etc.
 The prophet peace be upon him stayed approximately
13 years calling people to worshiping God Almighty
alone.
 The companions know one thing about Islam
worshiping God Almighty and that was the foundation
of Islam.
 Scholars learned guidance from Quran and Sunnah (prophetic
tradition, words, actions, reports..)
 Scholars take the responsibility in deriving guidance on all issues
and aspects in life from Quran and Sunnah
 Scholars in Islam have different fields some are specialized in:
Islamic creed, hadith (prophetic tradition) whether in studying
its authenticity or its compilance, principals of Islamic law
(studying the sources that Muslims depend on in considering
guidance and how to derive rulings from them), fiqh (Islamic
jurisprudence (the detailed study of human actions and the
guidance that relates to them), tafseer (Quran exegesis).
 Scholars are not infallible
 The only difference between a scholar and a Muslim individual
is only if they had higher piety ‫إن‬...‫يا أيها الناس إنا خلقناكم من ذكر وأنثى‬
‫أكرمكم عند ّللا أتقاكم‬
 (49: 13): “13. O mankind! we have created You from a male and a
female, and made You into nations and tribes, that You may
know one another. Verily, the Most honourable of You with Allâh
is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn
(pious - see V.2:2). Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware.”
 Scholars depend on Quran and Sunnah for guidance not any
cavort connection between them and Almighty God.
 There is no sacerdotal ordination to choosing imams or
scholars.
 And therefore the discussion about Divine Providence and its
decrees is not an issue when it comes to being a Muslim scholar .
 Scholars can be men or women,
‫صا ِلحا ً ِّمن َذ َك ٍر أَ ْو أُنثَى َو ُه َو ُم ْؤ ِمن فَلَنُ ْح ِييَنَّهُ َحيَاةً طَيِّبَةً َولَنَ ْج ِزيَنَّ ُه ْم أَ ْج َر ُهم‬
َ ‫ { َمنْ َع ِم َل‬
97‫ون }النحل‬
َ ُ‫س ِن َما َكانُو ْا يَ ْع َمل‬
َ ‫ِبأ َ ْح‬
(16: 97): “ 
 97. whoever works righteousness, whether male or female,
while He (or she) is a true believer (of Islâmic
Monotheism) Verily, to Him we will give a good life (in This
world with respect, contentment and lawful provision),
and we shall pay them certainly a reward In proportion to
the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise In the
Hereafter).”
 There were a number of women scholars throughout history…most
importantly the prophet’s wife.
 Scholars have higher responsibilities in teaching Islam and
applying it on themselves and being a good example for others.
 Quran and Sunnah give different levels to those
guided:
 Being Muslim
 Mu’min (believer)
 Saleh (Pious)
 Taqi (God loving and fearing)
 Muhsin (worships God as if he sees God Almighty.
‫س َال ًما (‪)63‬‬
‫ض َه ْونًا َوإِ َذا ََاطَبَ ُه ُم ا ْل َجا ِهلُ َ‬
‫ين يَ ْمش َ‬
‫‪َ ‬و ِعبَا ُد ال َّر ْح َم ِن الَّ ِذ َ‬
‫ون قَالُوا َ‬
‫ُون َعلَى ْاْلَ ْر ِ‬
‫اب َج َهنَّ َم إِنَّ‬
‫ين يَقُولُ َ‬
‫س َّج ًدا َوقِيَا ًما (‪َ )64‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫ين يَ ِبيتُ َ‬
‫َوالَّ ِذ َ‬
‫ون َربَّنَا ْ‬
‫ون لِ َربِّ ِه ْم ُ‬
‫اص ِرفْ َعنَّا َع َذ َ‬
‫س ِرفُوا‬
‫ستَقَ ًرا َو ُمقَا ًما (‪َ )66‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫َع َذابَ َها َك َ‬
‫ين إِ َذا أَ ْنفَقُوا لَ ْم يُ ْ‬
‫سا ٌَتْ ُم ْ‬
‫ان َغ َرا ًما (‪ )65‬إِنَّ َها َ‬
‫س‬
‫َّللا إِلَ ًها آَ ََ َر َو َال يَ ْقتُلُ َ‬
‫ين َال يَ ْد ُع َ‬
‫ان بَ ْي َن َذ ِل َك قَ َوا ًما (‪َ )67‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫َولَ ْم يَ ْقتُ ُروا َو َك َ‬
‫ون النَّ ْف َ‬
‫ون َم َع َّ ِ‬
‫الَّتِي َح َّر َم َّ‬
‫اب يَ ْو َم‬
‫َّللاُ إِ َّال بِا ْل َح ِّ‬
‫ون َو َمنْ يَ ْف َع ْل َذلِ َك يَ ْل َ‬
‫ق َو َال يَ ْزنُ َ‬
‫ضا َعفْ لَهُ ا ْل َع َذ ُ‬
‫ق أَََا ًما (‪ )68‬يُ َ‬
‫صالِ ًحا فَأُولَئِ َك يُبَ ِّد ُل َّ‬
‫َاب َوآَ َم َن َو َع ِم َل َع َم ًال َ‬
‫ا ْلقِيَا َم ِة َويَ ْخلُ ْد فِي ِه ُم َهانًا (‪ )69‬إِ َّال َمنْ ت َ‬
‫َّللاُ‬
‫ان َّ‬
‫َّللا‬
‫ت َو َك َ‬
‫صا ِل ًحا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُ ُ‬
‫َاب َو َع ِم َل َ‬
‫َّللاُ َغفُو ًرا َر ِحي ًما (‪َ )70‬و َمنْ ت َ‬
‫سنَا ٍ‬
‫سيِّئَا ِت ِه ْم َح َ‬
‫َ‬
‫وب إِلَى َّ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ون ُّ‬
‫ين إِذا ذ ِّك ُروا‬
‫ين َال يَ ْ‬
‫الزو َر َوإِذا َم ُّروا ِباللَّ ْغ ِو َم ُّروا ِك َرا ًما (‪َ )72‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫ش َه ُد َ‬
‫َمتَابًا (‪َ )71‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫اجنَا‬
‫ين يَقُولُ َ‬
‫صمًا َو ُع ْميَانًا (‪َ )73‬والَّ ِذ َ‬
‫ت َربِّ ِه ْم لَ ْم يَ ِخ ُّروا َعلَ ْي َها ُ‬
‫ِبآَيَا ِ‬
‫ون َربَّنَا َه ْب لَنَا ِمنْ أَ ْز َو ِ‬
‫صبَ ُروا َويُلَقَّ ْو َن‬
‫اج َع ْلنَا لِ ْل ُمتَّقِ َ‬
‫َو ُذ ِّريَّاتِنَا قُ َّرةَ أَ ْعيُ ٍن َو ْ‬
‫ين إِ َما ًما (‪ )74‬أُولَئِ َك يُ ْج َز ْو َن ا ْل ُغ ْرفَةَ ِب َما َ‬
‫ستَقَ ًرا َو ُمقَا ًما (‪ )76‬قُ ْل َما يَ ْعبَأ ُ ِب ُك ْم َربِّي‬
‫س َال ًما (‪ََ )75‬ا ِل ِد َ‬
‫سنَتْ ُم ْ‬
‫ين ِفي َها َح ُ‬
‫ِفي َها ت َِحيَّةً َو َ‬
‫ون ِل َزا ًما (‪)77‬‬
‫ف يَ ُك ُ‬
‫س ْو َ‬
‫لَ ْو َال ُد َعا ُؤ ُك ْم فَقَ ْد َك َّذ ْبتُ ْم فَ َ‬
‫‪‬‬
 63. and the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allâh) are those who walk on the
earth In humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad
words) they reply back with mild Words of gentleness.
 64. and those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing.
 65. and those who say: "Our Lord! avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! its
torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment."
 66. evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell.
 67. and those, Who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly,
but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).
 68. and those who invoke not any other Ilâh (God) along with Allâh, nor kill
such life as Allâh has forbidden, except for just Cause, nor commit illegal sexual
intercourse and whoever does This shall receive the punishment.
 69. the torment will be doubled to Him on the Day of Resurrection, and He will
abide therein In disgrace;
 70. except those who repent and believe (in Islâmic Monotheism), and do
righteous deeds, for those, Allâh will change their sins into good deeds, and
Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
 71. and Whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, Then Verily, He
repents towards Allâh with true repentance.

 72. and those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play






or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.
73. and those Who, when they are reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidences,
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind
thereat.
74. and those who say: "Our Lord! bestow on us from Our wives and Our
offspring who will be the comfort of Our eyes, and make us leaders for the
Muttaqûn" (pious - see V.2:2 and the footnote of V.3:164)."
75. those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their
patience. therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and
respect.
76. abiding therein; excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to dwell.
77. Say (O Muhammad to the disbelievers): "My Lord pays attention to You
Only because of Your invocation to Him. but now You have indeed denied
(Him). so the torment will be yours for ever (inseparable permanent
punishment)."
 Fasiq (a Muslim but not applying Islam)
 Munafiq: someone pretending to be Muslim but in
reality hiding misguidance
 Kafir: denying God Almighty and his guidance after
knowing it.
 Sadness, instability, depression, hardships in life, problems in
life, lost feeling.
 ( 20: 124): "But Whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e.
neither believes In This Qur'ân nor acts on its orders, etc.) Verily,
for Him is a life of hardship and depression, and we shall raise
Him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.”
َّ ‫ فَ َمنْ يُ ِر ِد‬
‫ضيِّقًا َح َر ًجا‬
ْ َ‫َّللاُ أَنْ يَه ِديَهُ ي‬
ْ ‫ص ْد َرهُ لِ ْ ِْل‬
َ ُ‫ص ْد َره‬
َ ‫ضلَّهُ يَ ْج َع ْل‬
َ ‫ش َر ْح‬
ِ ُ‫س َال ِم َو َمنْ يُ ِر ْد أَنْ ي‬
َّ ‫س َما ٌِ َك َذلِ َك يَ ْج َع ُل‬
)125‫ون (االنعام‬
َ ُ‫ين َال يُ ْؤ ِمن‬
َ ‫س َعلَى الَّ ِذ‬
َّ ‫صعَّ ُد فِي ال‬
َّ َ‫َكأَنَّ َما ي‬
َ ‫َّللاُ ال ِّر ْج‬
 (6: 125): “and whomsoever Allâh guides, He opens his heart to
Islâm, and whomsoever is lead astray, He makes his chest closed
and constricted, as if He is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allâh
puts the Wrath on those who believe not.
 Tazkiya : purifying oneself and staying in the natural
fitra and guidance within our hearts and actions.
 Attaining tazkiya is by:
 Having high servitude to Allah Almighty in belief,
 by doing everything for His sake alone
 Always considering God’s commandments and remembering
that Allah Almighty is seeing everything , therefore one must
at all times be in a state of high tazkiya even when one is
alone; therefore not hiding under the garment of religiosity
while doing sin.
 Leaving sin as it affects your heart.
 Minor sins lead to major sins… not lowering the gaze may
lead to losing spirituality and then falling in zina levels.
 Not ask people to leave sin while doing it.
 Not contradicting ones words in ordering what is good yet his
actions are the opposite
 Doing what is good
 A Muslim must always try to do what is good, and the more
he does the higher he level of tazkiya and belief he may be.
 Doing it for the sake of God Almighty
 Renewing one’s Islam:
 By repenting to God Almighty, and asking for forgivness.
 Everyplace is a place of prayer for Muslims except filthy and




impure areas.
Mosques are a place that gathers Muslims in a
congregational prayer 5 times a day, and on Fridays.
Mosques are educational institutes to learning Islam and
socializing between Muslims.
They are places for increasing reward during prayer and
Quran recitation.
Certain etiquettes Muslims are considered for mosques:
 Body and clothes cleanness and purification, taking off shoes
before entering to keep place clean as well.
 Quietness
 Praying two raka’s when entering for Muslims
 Mosques do not have pictures to preserve Muslims from any
polytheism or anthropomorphization

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