Anatomical Planes

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Bellringer:
All directional terms are relative to proper anatomical
position.
Review each sentence below to verify if the correct
directional term was used. If the sentence is incorrect, supply
a term which would make it correct.
The mouth is superior to the nose.
The stomach is inferior to the mammary area.
The nose is medial to the left eye.
The hand is proximal to the elbow.
The knee is distal to the ankle.
The vertebral area is lateral to the axillary area.
Today 9/7/12
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Remember to
write down
homework!
Bellringer
Cold Call
More Advanced Anatomical Directions/Terms
Planes of the Body
Gummy Bear Dissection
Read N’ Review (Rd. pg 12-15, Q’s 16-19 pg
23)
Cold Call
Anatomical Position
• Position of body that
is assumed when using
directional terms.
– Reference frame
– Left or right?
Caudal vs. Cranial
AKA?
Axial vs. Appendicular
Four-legged Animals
• Anterior and Posterior have a different
meaning!
• Anterior- towards head
• Posterior- towards tail
Body Planes
Sliced up like lunch
meat for science!
CAT scans + MRI’s
Visible Human Project
Fold a piece of paper into quarters; each will
represent a type of body plane.
-Record: title of plane, definition,
illustration
-Record: title of plane, definition, illustration
4 Types:
1.Sagittal
(median, mid-,
para-)
2.Transverse
3.Frontal
(coronal,
“crown”)
4.Oblique
Materials:
Directional terminology handout
3D and surface planes handout
Colored pens or pencils
Procedure:
For each animal below, use a colored pen or pencil and label the animal with the correct
directional term(s).
1. Divide these animals with a frontal plane.
Unit C
39
Anatom y & Physiology
2. Label the dorsal and ventral regions of these animals.
3. Divide these animals into a median and a sagittal plane.
3. Divide these animals into a median and a sagittal plane.
4. Label these animals as being a lateral, posterior, or anterior view.
4. Label these animals as being a lateral, posterior, or anterior view.
Anatomy & Physiology
40
Unit C
6. Divide these animals with a transverse plane.
7. Label proximal and distal on the horse’s legs and the parrot’s tail.
7. Label proximal and distal on the horse’s legs and the parrot’s tail.
Unit C
41
Anatom y & Physiology
Gummy Bear Dissection
• Use your knowledge of anatomical direction
and planes to dissect a 3D specimen
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