Introduction: What Do You Know About The Human Body?

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Introduction: What
Do You Know About
The Human Body?
The Human Body…What is it? How
does it work? Let’s operate and find out!
Chap 1 Orientation To The Human Body
Learning Objectives:
1. Explain the significance of homeostasis.
2. Describe the “anatomical position”.
3. Use correct anatomical terms to describe body directions, regions, and
body planes or sections.
Homework: Read Chap 1(all) in your textbook. Review and learn
directional terms (pg 13) and regional terms (pg. 14) that
describe the human body.
Problem-Solving Scenario
NOTE: To Be Presented in Class
Homeostasis
• The body’s ability to maintain a relatively
_____ _____ _______ despite outside
conditions
• There are hundreds of systems and
processes that the body attempts to
maintain to stay at homeostasis including
- body temperature
- blood volume
- heart rate
- blood pressure
- breathing
- levels of oxygen
in the blood
Medical Science
Our bodies are _______ to say the least.
Medical science attempts to organize the
body in such a way that we can _____ and
__________ it.
What do you know about your body?
PREDICT
• As you study this
figure, determine
precisely where
you would be
injured if you
pulled a muscle in
your __________
region?
PREDICT
• Where would you be
injured if you cracked
a bone in your
__________ region?
PREDICT
• What if you cut
your ________
region?
EXPLORING REGIONAL TERMS
• Regional terms, like the
ones we just discussed,
are used to designate
specific body areas.
• Using your textbook as a
reference, identify and
learn the regions of the
human body on the
handout provided by the
instructor.
• Estimated Time 10 – 12
minutes
Regions of the Body
•
The “anatomical position” is palms up (anterior view). And soles of feet slightly raised to
show the plantar surface of the foot.
Discussion
• What does “dorsal” refer to?
Discussion
What term do we use to refer to the
stomach surface of an animal?
Partner Activity: Other Directional Terms
Instructions: Using your textbook, briefly describe the meaning of the term
in your notes. Do this with a partner.
What do these terms refer to?
1. Superior
2. Inferior
3. Medial
4. Lateral
5. Intermediate
6. Proximal
7. Distal
8. Superficial
9. Deep
Planes of the Body
The body is often sectioned (cut) along a flat surface called a _________.
Q - Which of these
planes would
separate the
woman’s arms?
Wrap-up/ Review
Complete the sentences using the terms
superior, inferior, medial, lateral,
intermediate, proximal, distal, superficial,
or deep.
1) The head is ________ to the abdomen.
2) The knee is ________ to the thigh.
3) The heart is _____ to the skin.
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