Types of Satire

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Types of Satire
Chaucer and the Pearl Poet
There are two types of satire: Horatian and
Juvenalian
Horatian satire is: tolerant, witty, wise and self-effacing
Juvenalian satire is: angry, caustic, resentful, personal
Menippean satire is named after Menippus, and most closely resembles
Juvenal's ideas on satire; however, it lacks the focus of a primary target.
Rather than a single target, it takes a scattergun approach that aims
poisonous prongs at multiple targets. As well as not sustaining narrative and
being more rhapsodic, Menippean satire is also more mental. That said, this
type of humor is typically baser at the same time.
Humor
 A. exaggeration: the
formalized walk of Charlie
Chaplin, the facial and body
contortions of Jim Carrey
 B.
understatement: Fielding’s
description of a grossly fat and
repulsively ugly Mrs. Slipslop: “She
was not remarkably handsome.”
 C.
incongruity
 D. deflation: the English
professor mispronounces a word,
the President slips and bangs his
head leaving the helicopter, etc.
 E.
linguistic games:
malapropisms, weird rhymes, etc.
 F.
surprise: twist endings,
unexpected events
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dI6t
vCbPePg
Irony
 Literary device in which
there is an incongruity or
discordance between
what one says or does,
and what one means or
what is generally
understood.
 https://www.youtube.com/watch
?v=kJp2XAWma_I
Invective
 name calling, personal abuse,
etc.
 Invective is abusive or insulting
language. Invective comes
from the Latin invectus, which
translates as "attack with
words." It can be a word or
phrase that is meant to insult
or degrade. As an adjective, it
means anything that contains
abusive language, like a letter
or spoken words.
 Article
Mock Encomium
praise which is only
apparent and which
suggests blame instead
 https://prezi.com/vthsz_qf2gqf/sa
tire-and-consumerism/
 SNL
Grotesque:
 creating a tension
between laughter and
horror or revulsion; the
essence of all “sick
humor: or “black humor”
 http://www.slate.com/blogs/bro
wbeat/2015/01/07/charlie_hebdo
_covers_religious_satire_cartoons_
translated_and_explained.html
Comic Juxtaposition:
 linking together with no
commentary items which
normally do not go
together; Pope’s line in
Rape of the Lock: “Puffs,
patches, bibles, and
billet-doux”
 http://s301.photobucket.com/use
r/meena6/media/comicjuctaposi
tion.gif.html
Mock Epic/Mock Heroic:
 using elevated diction
and devices from the
epic or the heroic to
deal with low or trivial
subjects
 Article
 Rape of the Lock
Parody:
 mimicking the style
and/or techniques of
something or someone
else
 https://www.youtube.com/watch
?v=ikssfUhAlgg
Inflation:
 taking a real-life situation
and blowing it out of
proportion to make it
ridiculous and showcase
its faults
 http://thecolbertreport.cc.com/vi
deos/w6itwj/the-word---sink-orswim
Diminution:
 taking a real-life situation
and reducing it to make
it ridiculous and
showcase its faults
 http://thedailyshow.cc.com/videos/ii
culo/weak-constitution
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