Lesson13_Surah Baqarah_Presentation

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Ayahs 74 – 82
RECAP
• - Last week we talked about the incident of
the Baqarah (the Cow)
• Lessons:
– Asking too many irrelevant questions
– Not following the commands of Allah immediately
– Not having the love of another more than the love
of Allah SWT
– Not making the simple deen more complicated
with more questioning
OUTLINE
• Ayahs 74-82
• The example of different types of rocks to
represent different types of hearts
• Deceiving the beleivers
• Writing the book with your own hands
• Distorting the Torah/Qu’ran
• Following one’s own desires
• Reflections
AYAH 74
Then your hearts became hardened after that,
being like stones or even harder. For indeed,
there are stones from which rivers burst forth,
and there are some of them that split open and
water comes out, and there are some of them
that fall down for fear of Allah . And Allah is
not unaware of what you do.
Ayah 74 - Roots
• Thumma: after the incidence of the cow and
seeing the dead man come alive; indicates the
sequence of events; the second event is much
worse than the first
• The Bani Israel did not repent, instead their
hearts became hardened
• Qaaf Seen Waw – hardness; thick, dry;
doesn’t absorb any moisture; doesn’t accept
any change
Ayah 74 - Roots
• Haa Jeem Raa – your hearts have become like
rocks; metal is hard too, but it melts but rocks
don’t melt
• Sheen Daal Daal – to tie a firm/strong knot;
over here it means more intense; rocks can
break or crumble but a hard heart has no
benefit
• Faa Jeem Raa – rivers gush forth from these
rocks
Ayah 74 - Roots
• Sheen Qaaf Qaaf – when something very hard
breaks apart; you would never think they
would break (a little bit of water comes from
these rocks)
• Khaa Sheen Yaa – such fear in the person’s
heart due to immense respect; this fear is
developed through knowledge
• These rocks fall down from Allah’s fear (i.e.
landslides, earthquakes)
Stones
Alot of
Khair
Little Bit
Khair
Khair for
ownself
No Mercy
No
Humility
No
Gentleness
Hardened
Heart
No
Goodness
No
Compassion
Way of
Bani Israel
Right Way
Saw
Miracle
Miracle
Didn’t
Repent
Turn to
Allah
Didn’t
Accept
Accept
Mistake
Hearts
Hardened
Hearts
Softened
No Benefit from the Ayahs
Refuge with Allah | Trust in Allah
Pray Alot of Nafl Prayers
Perform Actions of Obedience
Pray Night Prayer
Stick to Remembrance of Allah Continuously
Befriend Only the Righteous
Recite Qur’an Frequently
Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalaanee’s advice on cure of Heart
Some people have hearts that are harder
than rocks.
Our Actions show our Status of Heart
Our Delay in obedience of Allah, makes
our hearts harder
We should keep checking our hearts!
O Allah! The Over-turner of
hearts, make my heart
steadfast and firm
upon Your Deen.
ِ َّ ِِ ََ ْ‫لَ ْو َأ َنزلْنَا َه َذا الْ ُق ْرأ َن عَ ََل َج َب ٍل ل َّ َر َأيْ َت ُه خ َِاش ًعا ُّمتَ َص ِدعًا ِم ْن َخ ْش‬
‫اّل‬
If We had sent down this Qur’ān upon a mountain, you
would have seen it humbled and coming apart from fear
of Allāh. [al-Hashr: 21]
Before the Prophethood of the Prophet(s.a.w.), rocks
would also say salaam to him.
On the day of judgement - these rocks would give
testimony as well.
Black Stone will testify on the Day of Judgement.
AYAH 75
Do you covet [the hope, O believers],
that they would believe for you while
a party of them used to hear the
words of Allah and then distort the
Torah after they had understood it
while they were knowing?
Ayah 75 - Roots
• Taaw Meem Aain – to long/hope for
something; intensely wanting something
• Faa Raaw Qaaf – the group mentioned here is
their scholars
• Kaaf Laam Meem – lit. to give injury/wound;
it’s the effect; some words are so strong that
they leave a deep impression
Ayah 75 - Roots
Haa Raa Faa – the edge or brink of something;
bending from one direction to another; when its
used for words, it means to change the speech
and give it a wrong meaning
- Tahreef Lafzia – to change the words; omitting
or adding; changing even a symbol
- Tahreef Manawia – to give a wrong
interpretation to the words; out of context
Tahreef
Lafziyyah
(in words)
-Changed
-Twisted
Ma’nawiyyah
(in meanings)
-Implication
-Interpretation
22 More Interpretations
• 1. When Allah SWT
spoke to Musa A.S.
some of the other
people heard it, but
when they went back to
their people, they
changed the kalaam
• 2. Qu’ran – when they
would listen to it, and
understand it, they
would change the
words of the Prophet
SAW out of mockery
Not Respecting the Speech of Allah is a Crime
Allah is comforting believers and Rasool Allah (s.a.w)
Guidance is in the hands of Allah alone
Knowledge Alone is not equivalent to Guidance
We should not change the words of Allah, but change
ourselves
Changing Kalam of Allah is worst than disobeying
Allah
AYAH 76
And when they meet those who believe,
they say, "We have believed"; but when
they are alone with one another, they say,
"Do you talk to them about what Allah has
revealed to you so they can argue with you
about it before your Lord?" Then will you
not reason?
Ayah 76 - Roots
• Haa Daal Thaa – (Hadith); lit. new; something
that comes into existence; new information
• Haa Jeem Jeem – a journey that a person
undertakes; over here used for an argument in
which both parties are aiming to overcome
each other
Ayah 76 – Context
• The Bani Israel would say that they believe
(only with their tongue) in the Prophet SAW
• Allah SWT opened the signs for them (made it
very clear) about the Prophet SAW, but their
scholars are reprimanding them that why are
you telling the Muslims that we know the
truth about the messenger
Hiding the Truth, Doesn’t change the Truth
Our Ego should not come in the way of our belief
They knew that Rasool Allah (s.a.w) was the
messenger they were waiting for
O Allah! Purify my heart from hypocrisy, my deeds
from any kind of Ria (boasting), my tongue from
lying and my eye from treachery. For indeed only
You know the treachery of the eyes and what lays
hidden in the breasts.
AYAH 77
But do they not know that
Allah knows what they conceal
and what they declare?
Ayah 77 - Roots
• Seen Raaw Raaw – to keep a secret in your
heart
• But nothing is hidden from Allah SWT
Allah can reveal any secret at any time
Our Denial of Truth, wont change the Truth
Intelligence is not in deceiving others
AYAH 78
And among them are unlettered ones
who do not know the Scripture except
in wishful thinking, but they are only
assuming.
Ayah 78 – Roots
• Hamza Meem Meem –umm (mother); being
in the same state as when your mother bore
you; no formal knowledge
• 1. those people who don’t read, write, or
record anything
• 2. those who have not been given a
scripture/religious knowledge
Ayah 78 – Roots
• Meem Noon Yaa – wishful thinking; false
hopes; making an image in your head; this
word is also used for lies
– Ibn Abaas: refers to lies; fabricated concepts in the
deen, that has no basis in the Qu’ran or sunnah
– Recitation without understanding the words; only
knowing the letters of the book (SCARY!)
Ayah 78 – Roots
• Dhaaw Noon Noon – thoughts a person has
based on observation; could be true or false
– Not having truths or evidences, just blindly
following
– Ulamaah – educated people; they would alter the
truth/book; mix the truth with falsehood;
knowledge, but no faith or action
– Ummeeyin – uneducated masses; have learned
the deen only in their homes; dependent on their
scholars
Know
the
Words
Know
the
Meaning
Start
Implemen
ting
Have
Understan
ding
This is the Right of the Book
What are some of our Amani?
Didn’t we make up some
shortcuts to Jannah?
Gate of Heavens?
Similar State of Muslim Ummah
• Bida’a replaces sunnah
• Ummeeyin busy in the rat race, so they do not
learn the book
• Most of us only read the book without
understanding
• Very dependent on our imams or scholars to
explain to us what the book means
• Use the book only for fatwas or rulings, but
not guidance for life
Further from Qur’an, Deeper in Wishful
Thinking
By day dreaming, we can’t achieve our goals
Criteria of being Educated = Knowledge of
Qur’an
To Know the Qur’an is not only the job of
scholars, its a Guidance for All Mankind
AYAH 79
So woe to those who write the "scripture"
with their own hands, then say, "This is
from Allah ," in order to exchange it for a
small price. Woe to them for what their
hands have written and woe to them for
what they earn.
Ayah 79 – Roots
• Waw Yaa Laam – used to threaten someone;
supplication against someone
– Severe punishment
– Distress/sorrow/regret
– A valley in the hell fire located between 2
mountains; a fall of 40 years
Ayah 79 – Roots
• Kaaf Taa Baa – Kataba: to write; Kitaab: Book
• 1. refers to the scholars of the Bani Israel; they
write the Torah with their own hands; rewrote the book
• 2. Kitaab over here refers to fatwas and
interpretations; pretended it was revealed;
putting Allah’s name on it to sell it.  using
the deen to earn some dunya
Ayah 79 – Roots
• Kaaf Seen Baa – to acquire something;
• 1. gained a very small earning by doing this for
a very big price
• 2. gained sin and punishment in the hereafter
Don’t say ‘its in Qur’an’ or ‘its from Hadith’ , if
you are not sure
Don’t Use Deen to Acquire Dunya
Writing Something Misguiding is a Source of
Destruction
Whatever you write, Check if it is helping Deen
or Harming Deen
Inventing Things in Deen is a Great Sin
AYAH 80
And they say, "Never will the Fire touch
us, except for a few days." Say, "Have you
taken a covenant with Allah ? For Allah
will never break His covenant. Or do you
say about Allah that which you do not
know?"
Ayah 80
• Am – belief in the hereafter was corrupted;
does your family, or your actions determine
your fate in the Hereafter?
• - Being from “sayyed” family
• - Having a dream that you don’t have to pray
anymore
We should know what exactly is Deen
To Say What You Hear is enough for you to be
a liar
Don’t say anything before checking its
authenticity
Don’t label things Halal or Haram without
knowledge
AYAH 81
Yes, whoever earns evil and his sin
has encompassed him - those are the
companions of the Fire; they will
abide therein eternally.
Ayah 81 - Roots
• Balaa – 1. negates the previous statement; 2.
affirms the next statement
• Allah SWT is saying, no that’s not true, if you
have done evil, you will be in the hell fire
• Seen Waw Hamza – inherently bad and looks
bad; refers to a sin; the greatest sin is shirk
• Khaa Taaw Hamza – doing a sin that is based
on forgetfulness; negligence
Sins
One Sin Leads
to Another
Sins Encircle
Good Deeds
Continuously
doing a sin until
you die in that sin
without repenting
Allah is clearing up our concept
One sin leads to another
Good deeds can be erased by our sins
We are accountable for the sins we commit
AYAH 82
But they who believe and do righteous
deeds - those are the companions of
Paradise; they will abide therein
eternally.
Along with iman, Amal is required
Just hoping for Jannah, won’t get us there
Allah will never go against from His Promise
If Allah promised Hell on certain actions, He
will not go against that promise either
Don’t take a chance with deen; just as we are
educated in the dunya, we should be educated
in the deen
Ayahs 83 – 91
AYAH 83
And [recall] when We took the covenant from the
Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], "Do
not worship except Allah ; and to parents do
good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy.
And speak to people good [words] and establish
prayer and give zakah." Then you turned away,
except a few of you, and you were refusing.
Rights of people
Rights of Allah
and to parents
do good
and to
relatives
and the
orphans
and the
needy
Do not worship except Allah
We took the
covenant
and establish
prayer
and give zakah
And speak to
people good
and you were refusing
Then you turned away, except a few of you
Definition
of Ibadah
Humility
Servitude
IHSAN
Doing Good
Generally
More than
Other
Deserves
Good in
return of
Evil
Tone
Through
Speech
Words
Express
Help
Ways to do Ihsan
Through
Actions
Time
Du’a
Through
Wealth
Needs
Gifts
and say, "My Lord, have mercy
upon them as they brought me up
[when I was] small."
[Bani Israel: 23-24]
Relatives
By Blood
By
Marriage
By
Nursing
Those who are closest have the most right
Orphan
Not Reached
Age of
Puberty
Father
Passed Away
MASAKEEN
Needy
Can’t Fulfill
their needs
Can’t Support
themselves
Beautiful
Speech
Style
Content
If we analyze ourselves in
light of this ayah:
How many of us take care of
all these commands?
Examples of Commands
• For Relatives: how many of your cousins’,
aunts and uncles names do you know? How
many of them do you talk to?
– WhatsApp groups (cousins group)
• Orphans: Human Concern International
(sponsoring an orphan as a class/school)
•
Children of Hope.ca
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