Lesson 9 – Surah Baqarah – (Ayahs 40-48)

Lesson 9
Ayahs 40 - 48
• Recap
• Main themes so far: 3 groups; importance of
examples; state of hearts; Jannah vs. Naar;
hypocrisy; challenge to produce a similar
• New group: Bani Israel (Ayahs 40-44 today)
Historical Background
• Ibrahim A.S. had two sons: Ishaac and Ismael
• Ishaac  Yaqub  12 sons and from these
came the Prophets
• Known as Bani Israel (Jews)
• Close to 4000 messengers were sent to them
• From these came the Christians who believed
in Jesus (Isa A.S.)
Why Bani Israel?
• 1. A special invitation to believe in Allah and
the Prophet SAW
• 2. They used to be the ummah at that time so
the Muslim ummah can learn from them
• 3. Do not repeat history
• 4. Not enough to simply belong to a group or
to be the “chosen ummah”
, remember My
favor which I have bestowed upon
you and fulfill My covenant [upon
you] that I will fulfill your covenant
[from Me], and be afraid of [only] Me.
the Blessing
(Obeying Allah
In Heart
Ayah 40 (Cont…)
• Waaw Faa Yaa – to fulfill something (i.e. a
promise, a debt)
• Ahd – a promise made with the intention of
fulfilling it
– Establish prayers, give zakaat, support prophets
• Raa Haa Baa – extreme fear; the person is
very anxious and careful
• Raahib: monk
My Promise…
- Removal of
- Admission to
Help &
of Allah
Many Times we too Enjoy Blessings....
• Remember the favors that Allah has
bestowed upon you
• Fulfilling all promises that we make
• Fear only Allah
And believe in what I have sent
down confirming that which is
[already] with you, and be not the
first to disbelieve in it. And do not
exchange My signs for a small
price, and fear [only] Me.
Ayah 41…
• Saawd Daal Qaaf – to speak the truth; to call
someone else truthful
• 1. The Qu’ran confirms that the Torah and
Injeel were sent from Allah SWT
• 2. Confirms the content of the previous books;
the message is the same
1. Do not be the first to disbelieve among the
people of the Book; refers to the 3 tribes of
Madinah because then their descendants will
disbelieve too
1. They possessed knowledge; When someone with
knowledge rejects, then this is even more severe
than someone who is ignorant rejects.
Sheen Raa Yaa – to buy and sell; do not
give My verses away to gain a small price
Thaa Meem Noon – something that is
Qaleela – less in quantity and quality ->
enjoyment of this world is little
Does this mean to
exchange Allah’s ayahs for
• 1. Distorting, misinterpreting and concealing
the verses in order to gain the pleasure of
people; giving fatwas that contradict the deen
to please the people
• 2. Those verses in particular that refer to the
Prophet (saw) about his signs, his arrival 
continued religious supremacy (it was a status
issue for them)
Ayah 42
• Laam Baa Seen – to clothe; to mix so that the
matter becomes confusing; impossible to tell
the difference between truth and falsehood
• Kaaf Taa Meem – don’t conceal the truth
about the Prophet SAW
– 1. Person does not express it; never mentions it
– 2. When asked about the truth, a person doesn’t
mention it (even after recognizing the truth)
Hiding Truth
To not speak
the truth
To not give
proper answer
And do not mix the truth with
falsehood or conceal the truth
while you know [it].
What is the harm of mixing truth
with lies?
How do we mix the truth with falsehood?
And establish prayer and give
zakah and bow with those who
bow [in worship and obedience].
Ayah 43
• Qaaf Waaw Meem – make something else
stand straight; don’t just pray but establish the
salaah (praying on time, with khushoo etc.)
• Zaal Kaaf Waaw (or Yaa) – lit. purification,
also growth; obligatory charity is a means of
purifying our money and also increasing our
wealth, as well as the wealth of others 
• Technically: that wealth which is given in
obedience to Allah SWT, to those who deserve
it and its given from a specific type of wealth
(which is surplus for 1 year)
Ayah 43…
• Raaw Kaaf Aa’in – bow/bend; here it means
congregation salah
– 1. We should pray in congregation
– 2. You’re not the only one who is pious; other
people also do ruku
According to Ubayy bin Ka'ab, R.A. the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi
wa sallam, said: "If the people come to know of the great rewards and
benefits of the congregational prayer, they would never stay back but
would rush to the masjid for it. The first row merits the highest reward.
Two persons praying together merit greater reward than the same
praying individually, the rule being that the bigger the congregation the
higher its worth in the Sight of Allah." (Abu Dawud)
Lesson 9
Ayahs 44 - 48
Do you order righteousness of the
people and forget yourselves while
you recite the Scripture? Then will
you not reason?
Ayah 44
• Hamza Meem Raa – command; this is for the
scholars of the Bani Israel
• Baa Raa Raa – Good deeds of different types
– Telling other people to do good deeds but
forgetting themselves
– Sometimes they would tell other people to believe
in the Prophet SAW but wouldn’t do it themselves
– (the story of Salman al Farsi)
Ayah 44
• Taa Laam Waaw – such recitation in which the
meaning follows the recitation; you recite the
Torah but you don’t believe in it yourselves?
• Aa’in Qaaf Laam – lit. to tie, connect things
together; intellect means you have control and
restraint; if you have no control over your
emotions, and even if you have a PHD, you’re
considered jaahil;
• Neuronal connections also intellect
When a person reads the Qur’an - first and
foremost – his/her voice should go to his
heart and then others.
Practice What You Preach!
Start Implementing
They need a Role Model
They will follow your Example
A good example has twice the value
of good advice
The Prophet (s.a.w) said, "On the night of
ascension, I passed by some people whose
lips were being cut with scissors made of fire.
I then said, "Who are you?"
They replied "We used to command others to
good and refused to do it ourselves. We
used to forbid others from evil, but did it
Reflections 
And seek help through patience and
prayer, and indeed, it is difficult
except for the humbly submissive [to
Allah ]
Ayah 45
• Khaaw Sheen Aa’in – to bend; in the heart
and visible on a person’s body; it comes from
• Khushoo in salaah can only come with fear of
Allah, but with khushoo, salaah becomes
enjoyable and easy
To Keep
away from
decree of
To Keep oneself
on Obedience
SALAH is a mirror - if we want
to see what kind of muslims we
are - then we
should test our Salah.
Those who are humble
and that they will return to Him
Who are certain that they
will meet their Lord
So before having that great
meeting with their Lord, they
meet Allah many times a day.
Plan It
Wear Best Clothes
Wait & Yearn
Show Best Manners
Stay Attentive
Think About it
Wait for the next meeting
No Interference or
Don’t want to end the meeting
O Children of Israel, remember My
favor that I have bestowed upon you
and that I preferred you over the
Ayah 47
• Faa Daawd Laam – to give something extra
and to give someone more than they deserve
• Alaameen – used to refer to the people of
their time; Worlds is not a good translation:
nations, peoples is better
• Allah has preferred them, so they should
prefer Him
Allah has chosen us
for His deen and His
book, so we should
remember this
blessing, and be
grateful for it.
And fear a Day when no soul will
suffice for another soul at all, nor will
intercession be accepted from it, nor
will compensation be taken from it,
nor will they be aided.
Ayah 48
• Waaw Qaaf Yaa – Taqwa; to take a shield; take
protection from the harm of that day and
prepare for it
• Jeem Zaai Yaa – to recompense, give back
someone with reward/punishment
• Sheen Faa Aain – to join one thing with
another; to speak on someone’s behalf
• When a person asks another to plead his
request in front of a higher authority in order
to get some benefit or save him from harm
Ayah 48
• Intercession can take place (2 conditions):
• 1. Allah has to give permission to the
• 2. Allah is pleased with the person for whom
the intercession is being made for
Ayah 48
• Aain Daal Laam = compensation in order to
free someone; give an equivalent amount
– But we won’t come with anything on the Day of
Noon Saawd Raa = to help someone in order to
alleviate them; we can’t risk our hereafter
because of our fear of people
No Help
Day of
Each person will get what he has earned.
Then what must we do?
Prepare for that Day.
Until Next Class…
Review word for word translation
Review historical context and tafseer
Share with family and friends
Reflect and implement 