Lesson 5 – Surah Baqarah – (Ayahs 17-20

Lesson 5
Ayahs 17-20
November 16th, 2013
• Hypocrites considered the believers foolish
• When they met with their leaders (evil ones) they would side
with them
• The cowardice of hypocrites
• Hypocrites mock and joke about imaan
• Hypocrites traded guidance for misguidance
• Homework?
• AYAHS 17-20
• Last ayahs on hypocrisy
• Next week inshAllah we will talk about the
• These verses present 2 examples to illustrate the
behaviour of hypocrites
• Why use examples?
Ayah 17
• 2 Types of Hypocrisy
• 1. In Aqeedah (belief system); in their heart, they
disbelieve (this is the first example)
• 2. Those who have nifaaq in their actions; in their hearts,
they believe, but some of his/her actions are hypocritical.
This is the second example
• Condition of the hypocrites: first in shirk and darkness,
then the Prophet SAW gave them light but then the light
extinguished so they went back into darkness
Ayah 17
Ayah 17
• Misl: similar; explaining something
intangible/abstract through that which is tangible
• Waw Qaaf Daal – fuel; istawqada: to light a fire
OR to ask someone to light the fire
• Naar: both heat and light in a fire
Ayah 17
• In the context: The person who lit fire in the darkness of
disbelief, shirk, oppression and doubt
• The Prophet SAW is the person who lit the fire
• The fire is the light of guidance
Ayah 17
• Adhaaw’at: bright and also has heat; such light that has a
red tinge to it
• Hawlahu: around him;
• Illuminated means that you can see what is right or wrong;
• What pleases Allah and what doesn’t
• Truth and False are clearly distinguished.
Ayah 17
• Dhahaba: literally: gold; but gold doesn’t always stay,
and there’s always a fear of losing gold/losing its value
• Technically: It went
• Noor: Light that has no heat in it; in order to see
something you need 2 lights: one outside, and one from
your own vision
Ayah 17
• Taking away their light, or light went away: Allah SWT
took away their guidance
• Allah abandoned these people in darkness
Ayah 17
• Dhulumaat: Oppression will be in darkness on the Day
of Judgment; they’re unable to see the truth
• Why did Allah take away their light?
• Because first they believed and they disbelieved, therefore,
their hearts are sealed over. They didn’t benefit from the
light, as a result, it was taken away.
• There were no problems with the light, problem was within
their hearts
• Allah SWT does not allow people to play with His deen
• Allah SWT took away their ability to comprehend
Ayah 17
Ayah 18
• Asawm: a cork; prevents anything from going in or out
of it; a person whose hearing is blocked. Their state of
being unable to listen to the truth and they don’t accept it
• Abkam: for a person who cant speak or who has never
spoken or can’t comprehend; they’re unable to speak out
the truth or that which is good (in this context)
Ayah 18
• A’ama: blind to the truth and path of guidance; as well as
to the clear signs
• Rejaa: they will not return to the light because whatever
they thing they are doing is right, so they will never
change their ways
• Allah took away their light; Islam is not extinguished, but
their ability is gone
Ayah 18
Ayah 19
Ayah 19
• Aw: doesn’t always convey the meaning of “or”, could be “and” or
“another example”
• Swoob: to hit the target; hits where it should strike; used for a heavy
rain fall, that is accompanied by a lot of thunder and lightning
• Asm’aa: anything that is above you or covers you; used for ceiling,
clouds, or sky
• Dholumaat: layers of darkness; the night, the clouds, the heavy rain
• Ra’d: the sound of thunder followed by lightning (lit. movement)
• Barq: the flash of lightning visible in the clouds
Ayah 19
• Heavy Rain: revelation one after the other, its like rain
coming from the sky which benefits us (similar to
revelation, which is food for the soul)
• Dholumaat: disbelief, doubts, hypocrisy
• Thunder: the threat of punishment
• Lightning: the clear evidences; guidance
• They put their fingers in their ears because they don’t
want to hear the threat of punishment
Example in Ayah 19
• Sawaaiqi: literally to faint; it falls upon the earth and
causes injury, destruction and death
• Hadhara: a fear from which a person is taking
precaution; but putting fingers in your ears isn’t going to
save you from that fear
• Thunderbolts: Refers to the commands that seem
difficult to the hypocrites, for example, giving zakaah.
They felt that these commands would kill them.
Hypocrites know they are wrong because they think that
every shout is against them (guilty conscience)
Example in Ayah 19
• :
• to encircle something from all sides. All of their actions
are known to Allah SWT. Also, He has encircled them
with His power, so that they can’t escape Him.
• Their fear and precaution won’t help them at all
• Yakhtaffu: to snatch something quickly. The lightning
will take away their vision because their vision is already
Ayah 19
Kufr is of several types:
1. Outwardly to say you don’t believe
2. Arrogance ex. Iblees, not submitting to the truth
3. Doubt and suspicion in the 6 articles of faith
4. Turning away from the truth knowingly
5. Hypocrisy
Ayah 19
Ayah 20
• Every time there is an easy command, they walk (obey a
little bit) but if there’s a difficult command, (darkness)
then they stop (stand).
• The deen is not this person’s priority and only follows it
when there are no sacrifices required, or only when its
• Eventually, they will completely lose their faith (i.e.
completely lose their vision or comprehension)
Verse 20
• Qaaf daal raa: ability/power; also to plan (Allah SWT
can give and take these abilities away from them)
• The longer you leave the more “difficult” commands, the
more difficult it becomes; take the challenge instead of
just standing
Ayah 20
• 3 Ways this example can be understood:
• 1. Intensity of confusion of the hypocrites; they can’t see
• 2. Rain becomes harmful when accompanied by lightning
and thunder; hypocrites are insincere, because its only
outward belief (it looks good on the outside)
• 3. Hypocrites outward expression of belief will not save
them from Allah’s retribution (ex. Putting fingers in your
ears is not going to save you from a storm)
Ayah 20
Word for Word Translation
Review the word for word translation
Share with family and friends
Reflect on hypocrisy – Analyze yourself!
Play ayahs 1-20 and see if you understand the Arabic
Surah Fatihah Quiz!
Until Next Week…
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