Parts of Speech

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By
Kristopher Majak
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A noun is a person, place, thing or idea
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Proper nouns are specific. We capitalize
proper nouns.
Carlos kicked the ball to Miguel.
Common nouns are not specific. We leave
common nouns lower case unless they begin a
sentence.
Carlos kicked the ball to Miguel.
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A pronoun is a word that is used in place of
one or more nouns or pronouns.
I, me, my, mine, we , us, our, ours, you, your, yours, he, him, his, she, her, hers, its,
it, they, them, their, theirs, myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself,
itself, themselves, this, that, these, those, who, whom, which, what, whose, all,
another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everyone, everything,
few, many, more, most, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other,
several, some, somebody, something, such
Gabe turned in his homework today.
The word that a pronoun replaces is called an
antecedent.
Gabe turned in his homework today.
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An adjective is a word that is used to describe
a noun or a pronoun.
The warm, gooey, delicious pizza.
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An article lets you know whether you are
talking about something in particular or
something in general.
A, an, the
*use an before a word starting with a vowel.
I bought an orange at the store.
We returned the movie to the store.
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An adverb describes a verb, adjective, and
adverb.
Adverbs normally end in “ly”
He sang beautifully.
The rain fell softly.
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A verb is a word used to express action or a
state of being.
A verb phrase consists of at least one main
verb and one or more helping verbs.
Helping verbs: can, could, do, did, does, had, has, have, may,
shall, should, will, would.
The boy is leaving for Texas tomorrow.
She should not have borrowed that necklace.
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A preposition shows time and place. Without
prepositions, you wouldn’t be able to show
relationships between words.
Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, among,
around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides,
between, beyond, by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from,
in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past,
since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath,
until, up, upon, with, within, without
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A conjunction is a word that joins words or
groups of words.
For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Jim wrote down the number, but he lost it.
I do work at home and at school.
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An interjection is a word that expresses
emotion. It has no relation to the rest of the
sentence.
Ah, aha, oh boy, hey, hurrah, oh, whoops,
ouch, whew, yikes, yippee
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Read each of the sentences below. Then
identify the part of speech of each word.
1.We rode on the subway.
2.The sun was up when we left the house.
3. Ernesto lives a few miles up the coast.
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