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What exactly is an object pronoun?

➢ An object pronoun

receives

the

action

or

completes

the

meaning

of the verb in a sentence.

➢ Example: He ate the

table.

The verb is “ate.” What was eaten? The table. Therefore, table is the object of the verb.

What is a direct object pronoun ?

➢ It

receives

the

action

of the verb.

➢ It means

“it”

or

“them.”

➢ It goes

before

the verb.

➢ It answers the questions

“What?”

or

“Who?”

➢ It replaces a noun.

DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

me nos te lo, la

Lo can also mean “it.”

los, las

What is an indirect object pronoun ?

➢ It goes

before

the verb and

after

the subject pronoun.

➢ It means “to someone” or “for someone.” ➢ It answers the questions

“To whom?”

or

“For whom?”

➢ It can be used with the verb

gustar

. (In Spanish, saying that you like something is the same as saying that it is pleasing

to you

.) ➢ It replaces a noun.

INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

me te

le

nos

les

Examples of DOPs

➢ “¿Necesitas

la

pluma?” “Si,

la

necesita.” ➢ “Yo

te

miro . . . ” (“Bailando” by Enrique Iglesias)

Examples of IOPs

➢ A ella

le

gustan los libros.

➢ Yo

le

doy el libro

a Juan

.

(The “a Juan” at the end of the sentence is used to clarify who you give the book to, since “le” can mean him, her, or you.) ➢

Te

recomendamos este artículo.

(National Geographic en español)

Practice Problems

1. She sees him.

2. He says to her.

3. We drop it.

4. I give to them.

5. You want it.

A. Yo les doy.

B. Nosotros lo soltamos.

C.

Él le dice (a ella).

D.

Tú lo quieres.

E. Ella lo ve.

Instructions: Tell whether each sentence features a DOP or an IOP. Then match the sentence to its Spanish translation.

1. DOP 2. IOP 3. DOP 4. IOP 5. DOP

Answers

1. E 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. D

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