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1. 知道have/has been(to),gone(to),
been (in)三者之间的根本区别:
have/has been to 表示当事人曾经去过
某地。
have/has been in 强调当事人在某地
待过一段时间。
have/has gone to 说话时当事人不在
现场,去了某地。
2、三者的常见用法
been (to) + 地点+次数
been (in) + 地点 + 段时间/句子
gone (to) + 地点
3、共同点
当后跟地点是副词时,介词
省略。
火眼金睛-改错
1. Where have you ever gone
been? The
Lantau Island.
2. We have been to
in the USA for many
years.
3. —How many times have you been in
to
Hong-shan Zoo ? —Twice.
4. —Where is your mother ? —She has
been to America.
gone
for, since or ago
表示动作或状态在过去已经开始,持续
到现在可能还要持续下去,常和for,
since表示的一段时间状语连用,谓语动
词多用延续性动词.
如:live, teach, learn, work, study, know,
keep, have, be away, be married, be
asleep, be on等。
如:
I have worked here since 2002.
自从2002年以来我就在这儿工作。
They have learned English for three
years.
他们学英语3年了。
注意:1)since+ 点时间, for +段时间,
如:since two days ago, for two days。
for, since or ago
2)如果是发生在过去的瞬间性动词(come
go, leave,open,arrive…) 常用含有
“ago”的一 般过去时。如:
He arrived here two hours ago.
他是两小时以前到达这儿的。
I turned off the light ten minutes ago.
我十分钟前关灯的。
3) 短暂性动词变为延续性动词的常见
例子:
die-be dead, get married-be married,
leave-be away, open-be open,
close-be closed, begin/start-be on,
fall asleep-be asleep, come-be,
buy-have, borrow-keep,
get to know-know 如:
for, since or ago
The old man died two years ago.
这个老人两年前死了。
The old man has been dead for two years.
这个老人死了两年了。
He bought a car five years ago.
他五年前买了一辆轿车。
He has had the car for five years.
这辆轿车他买了五年了。
buy-have/has had, borrow-have/has kept
arrive-have/has been in/at
leave-have/has been away
join-have/has been in/a member of
die-have/has been dead
get married/have/has been married
come/go-have/has been in/at
begin/start-have/has been on
stop-have/has been over
since 1990.
1. We have lived here ________
2. —How long have you studied here ?
—________
For 5 years.
since
3. The boy has had a bad cold ________
last night.
4. Mr. Huang has kept the
books ________
since a week ago.
5. I have taught in the school
since I came here.
________
for
6. We have been friends ______
a long time.
Translation
• 1.你去过日本吗?没有,但我和父母去过美国
两次。
• 2.他爸爸去上海出差了。他三天前去的。
• 3.Tom在哪儿?他去图书馆借书了。
• 4.我们来苏州已七年多了。
• 5.你去哪了?我去邮局寄信给我朋友了。
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Free talk
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1.When did you buy…?
2.How long have you had…?
3.When did you come to….?
4.How long have you been in/at…?
5.When did you get to know…?
6.How long have you known…?
7.When did you leave…?
8.How long have you been away from…?
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Homework
Make sentences with the
following words:
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1. 知道have/has been(to),gone(to)