since,for

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现在完成时态
The Present Perfect
Tense
作课人:许惠梅
1.S+have/has+Vpp
1.标志词. just ;ever; never;
already; yet; before; so far; in the
past/last few/three years
2. since … 和for…用法
3. Have been to… /have gone to
4.延续性动词和非延续性动词.
(短暂性/瞬间动词)
already :已经 (多用于肯定陈述句谓语
动词之前或句末)
yet :已经 (多用于疑问句句末);
还 (用于否定句句末)
never :从不 (多用于表示否定意义的
陈述句)
ever :曾经 (多用于疑问句,询问过去
的经历)
Just: 刚刚 (位于谓语动词之前)
before :以前 (一般位于句末)
主语+ have/has+延续性动词/表状
态的词的过去分词
for+一段时间
+
since +时间点
since+一段时间+ago
since+一般过去时的从句
典型句子 :
1.have you ________
ever been to Beijing?
never
No _____.
2.I have ______
just finished my work.
already
3.I have finished my work_______.
4.Have you finished your work______?
yet
5.She has taught English _____
for 10 years.
since
6.He has worked in the factory ______
one year ago.
关键词:
just, yet; since,for;
ever,never;already,before
and so far.
4.have been to 曾经去过某地(已返回)
have gone to 去了某地 (没有回来)
been _____
to Shanghai?
1.Have you ever _____
2.Where is Lucy?
gone____
to the lab.
She has ____
in China
3.Lucy has been _____
since 5 years ago.
4.I have gone to Japan before. ( × )判断
5.The Great Wall is very beautiful, I have
been there twice. ( √ )
1. Where is your father ?
He _____
has _____
gone _____
to London.
2. How many times _____
have
you _____
been _____
to Beijing?
Never.
3. I can’t find your mother.
has ____
gone ____
to
Oh, she ____
the cinema.
have never been
4. I _____
_____to
_____ France.
1.We have learnt English
_____
for 3 years.
since 3 years ago.
______
since we _______(come)here
came
_____
_______________________
How long have you learnt English?
5. for + 一段时间
since + 过去的时间点
就画线提问用how long
ⅱ.瞬间动作不能于表示一段时间的短语连用,应改用持续性动词。
( ×)
I have bought a new dictionary for a week.
I have had a new dictionary for a week.
(
)
我买一本新词典已有一星期了。
( )
They have been here for two days.
( ×)
They have come here for two days.
他们来这儿已经两天了。
He has joined the League member for two years. ( ×)
(
)
He has been a League member for two years.
他已入团两年了。
√
√
√
The man has been dead for several years.
The man has died for several years.
这个人已经死了几年了。
√
( )
( ×)
1.I have borrowed the book for 2 weeks.
A
B
C
( B kept )
2.The film has begun for 5 minutes.(B been on)
A
B
C
6.常见的非延续性动词与延续性动词的转换。
come/go – be in/on
go out – be out
leave – be away
begin/start – be on
buy – have
borrow – keep
join – be a member
die – be dead
catch a cold – have a cold become – be
fall asleep – be asleep
open – be open
get to know – know
close-be closed
练练吧!
1 写出下列动词的延续性动词
be away (from)
be on
leave--______
begin/start--_________
have
borrow--_________
buy--________
die--_____keep
be dead
be
become--________
join--_________________
be in /be a member of
be over
close--__________
open--________
be closed
be open finish--_____
get to know--_____________
marry--___________
know
be married
catch a cold--______________
have a cold
2 用since与for填空
since
for
______
twenty minutes ______an
hour ago
______2006
_____more
than a week
since
for
since
______two
years ago
_______yesterday
since
since last month
since
_______
_________8
o’clock
1. 这辆自行车我买了两年了。
I’ve _____
had the bike _____
for two years.
2. He left Nanjing two years ago.
has _____
been _____
away_____
from
He _____
Nanjing for two years.
3. The monkey died last month.
has _____
been _____
dead
The monkey _____
for a month.
4. A: How long _____ you ____ ( D )
B: Two weeks.
A.did,get ill B. have,fallen ill
C. were,ill D. have,been ill
exercise
C the zoo.
1.She isn’t here now because she ____
A.has been to B. have gone to C. has gone to
2.The Greens _____
Guilin twice. D.have gone to
A
A.have been to B. have been in C. has been in
C here
3.Lily has made lots of friends since she ___
A. come B. has been C. came D. coming
4.My parents ______
B in Beijing since 1995.
A. are living B. have lived C. lived D. will live
D
5.His grandma ______
for 2 years.
A.Was died B. has died C. was dead
D. has been dead
exercise
mended the bike?
1.--Have you ________
mended it 10 minutes ago.(mend)
--Yes ,I ______
seen the film “Titanic”.
2.--I have ______
see it?(see)
did you _____
--When ____
left
3.I’m sorry, I haven’t got any money.I’ve_____
(leave ) my handbag at home.
read
4.I have _______(read)
the book.
5.It’s a long time since we ______
met (meet)
last year.
has just _____.
come ( come)
6.Look! The train ______
( A)1 ---Let’s go to see the show .
-----I _____ it . It’s very interesting .
A have seen B see C am seeing
( C) 2 They ____all their money , so they have to walk home.
A spend B had spent C have spent D will spend
( ) 3 We _____ our breakfast . We ____ it at school at 6:30.
B
A have had ; have had B have had ; had
C had ; have had D had ; had
( C) 4 ---Have you ever _____ my stamps ?
--- Yes , I _____them on your desk yesterday .,
A saw ; saw B saw ; seen
C seen ; saw D seen ; was seening
( D) 5 ---You have never been to the West Lake , ______ you ?
----No , never .
A do B did C haven’t D have
( C) 6 He’s flown to Qingdao for summer holidays , ______ he ?
A isn’t B wasn’t C hasn’t D doesn’t
( ) 7 ---____ you____ to the hospital yet ? ----Yes , I have .
A
A have ; been B Have ; gone
C Has ; been D Has ; gone
(C ) 8 ---- Have you improved your spoken English _____ ?
------ Yes , I have . I’ve ______ improved it .
A already ; yet B already ; already
C yet ; already D yet ; yet
( B) 9 ---- Have you seen the film ______ ?
----Yes , I saw it three years _____.
A ago ; before B before ; ago
C ago ; ago D before ; before
( D) 10 Tom _____ the CD plaer for two weeks ____.
A has seen , yet B haven’t seen ; yet
C hasn’t seen ; already D hasn’t seen ; yet
(C ) 11 I _____ the story book for a week .
A have bought B have borrowed C have had D have sent
( ) 12 Hurry up ! The film _____ for ten minutes .
A
A has been on B began C has begun D had begun
(D ) 13 The worker said that the train ______ for ten minutes .
A arrived B went C had left D had been away
(A ) 14 I left my bike outside the library and when I came out
again , it _____.
A has gone B lost C was gone D went
( ) 15 In Beijing many people ______ the Great Wall many
B
times already .
A have gone to B have been to C went to D go to
A
( )16 It’s five years since __________.
A he left B he has been away C he has left D he leaves
动词填空:
Have
cleaned
1._____ you ______(clean) the room?
have done
Yes, we_______(do) that already.
did
do
When _______
you ______(do)
it?
did
We _______(do)
it an hour ago.
seen
Has he ______(see)
2.______
this film yet? Yes.
did he see
When _____
_____(see) it?
saw it last week.
He ______
have
come
3. How many times _____you______(come)
here?
Once.
have read
4. I _______ (read) the novel twice. It’s interesting.
gone
5. She has
_______(go)
to Pairs, hasn’t she? Yes.
go
did she _______(go)
How ______
there?
went
She _______(go)
there by air.
have developed
6. So far, many countries __________(develop)
their software programs.
gave
7.Mr Chen ______(give)up
smoking last year.
Have you ever _____(ride)
ridden a horse? Never.
8.______
has
kept
9.He ______( keep) the book since two days ago.
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