AIM: How did nationalism cause revolutions? Ms. McMillan Global III November 14, 2011 NEW UNIT: GLOBAL NATIONALISM During the French Revolution, people in France expressed great pride in their nation. Nationalism later spread to other peoples, inspiring uprisings across Europe and Latin America. In the 1860s, nationalism led to the unification of Italy. By 1871, Germany had also united. Outside Europe, nationalistic movements took root in India, Turkey, and elsewhere. Among Jews, a movement arose to create a separate Jewish state in Palestine. As the 1800s drew to a close, nationalistic forces created tensions in the Balkans that set the state for world war. NEW CARDS 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. Giuseppe Mazzini Count Camillo Cavour Giuseppe Garibaldi Otto von Bismarck Kaiser Zionism Indian National Congress Muslim League Young Turks Pan-Slavism Nationalism and Revolution 1. Nationalism is a feeling of strong devotion to one’s country, often developing amongst people who share a language and heritage. 2. Nationalism played an important role in political revolutions of the 1800s. Nationalism and France 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Revolution and war in the 1790s created a strong sense of national unity in France. This feeling inspired French armies to succeed as they sought to spread the ideals of their revolution. Napoleon also inspired nationalism among the nations he conquered. Nationalism then encouraged conquered people to rise up against Napoleon. In the years following the French Revolution, nationalism led to upheaval in Europe and elsewhere. Greece 1. 2. 3. In 1821, nationalists in Greece revolted against the Ottoman Empire. Britain, France and Russia gave support to Greece. By 1830 Greece was independent. Poland 1. Nationalists in Poland revolted in 1830, but their revolution was crushed by Russian forces. REVOLUTION 1830, FRENCH ETCHING 19TH Le Cholera Morbus,a caricature describing how, thanks to the July Revolution of 1830,the cholera finally managed to reach Paris,coming from Russia via Poland and Germany. Coloured engraving,around 1830. Belgium 1. Nationalists in Belgium, who wanted to separate themselves from the Dutch, won independence in 1831. Revolutions of 1848 1. In 1848, revolutions occurred in parts of the Austrian empire, Italy, and Germany. 2. Throughout the continent of Europe, people sought to develop unified, independent nation-states. Latin America 1. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, feelings of dissatisfaction led to a number of independence movements that ended European rule throughout Latin America. 2. After gaining independence in the 1800s, groups in Latin America developed into many separate nation-states. Rise of Nationalism “A country is not merely a geographic territory. A country is also the idea given birth by the geographic territory. A country is a sense of love that unites, as one, all the sons and daughters of that geographic territory…” --World History: A Story of Progress This quotation supports the idea of 1 totalitarian rule . 2 absolute monarchy . 3 mercantilism . 4 nationalism . In a number of European countries in the 1800’s, which situation occurred as a result of the influence of the French Revolution? 1 increase in religious conflict . 2 rise of nationalistic movements . 3 decentralization of governmental power . 4 economic depression . Which quotation best reflects a feeling of nationalism? 1 “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” . 2 “A person’s greatest social obligation is loyalty to the family” . 3 “For God, King, and Country” . 4 “Opposition to evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good” . Nationalism is most likely to develop in an area that has 1 land suited to agriculture . 2 adequate industry to supply consumer demands . 3 a moderate climate with rivers for irrigation . 4 common customs, language, and history . Nationalism is best defined as 1 the achievement of world peace and global understanding . 2 the desire to take over other societies by force . 3 a method of solving basic economic problems of the society . 4 the loyalty of a people to their values, traditions, and a geographic region . The best example of the success of nationalism in Europe is the 1 development of socialism in France . 2 Industrial Revolution in Great Britain . 3 establishment of the Common Market . 4 unification of Germany .