The Port of Liepaja
Made by Mikus Vimba
Patriks Misāns
Simona Terehova
Kaspars Ozoliņš
Port history
Port authority
Main functions
The budget
Liepajas port today
The History of the Port of Liepaja
Original settlement in the place of modern Liepaja was known
by the name Lyva (from the name of river on which Liepaja
was located).
The oldest written text mentioning the name is dated by the
4th of April, 1253.
The name Liepaja was used after 1560.
Under Duke Jacob Kettler (ruled 1640-1681), Liepaja became
one of the main ports of Courland.
Metalworking and ship building became much more
developed and trading relations developed not only with
nearby countries, but also with Britain, France, the
Netherlands, and Portugal. Liepaja and Courland passed to
the control of Imperial Russia in 1795 during the Partitions of
Growth during the nineteenth century was rapid. In the
1870s the rapid development of Russian railways and the
1876 opening of the Liepaja - Romni railway ensured that a
large proportion of central Russian trade passed through
Early in the twentieth century the port of Liepaja
became a central point of embarkation for
immigrants traveling to the United States. In 1906 a
direct service to the United States was used by
40,000 migrants a year.
By the year 1913, 1738 ships entered Liepaja
with 1,548,119 tones of cargo passing through the
During World War I Liepaja was occupied by the German
Army. By the orders of Alexander III, Liepaja was fortified
against possible seaborne attacks. In the early 20th century
on the northern edge of the city a major military base was
established, including formidable seaside fortifications and
quarters for extensive military personnel. This area became
known as Karosta (War Port) and has served military needs
throughout twentieth century.
World War II devastated the city. The Soviet
occupation of Latvia brought great misery with many
thousands arrested and deported to Siberia and thousands
fleeing to North America, Australia and Western Europe.
During the Soviet occupation, Liepaja was a closed city and
even nearby farmers and villagers needed a special permit to
enter the city.
Since then, Liepaja has engaged in international cooperation, has found more than 10 twin and partner cities
and is an active partner in several co-operation networks.
Facilities are being improved as the city hosts Latvia's largest
naval fleet and is increasingly important to the NATO.
Liepājas port authority
The Liepaja Special Economic Zone Authority is a non profit management institution established by the state and
the local government for performing the duties, envisaged by
the respective Law. The SEZ Authority is a legal entity which
has its own budget, and is registered as a taxpayer.
Main functions of the Liepaja SEZ
• elaboration and implementation of the development
plan of the Liepaja SEZ;
• research and evaluation of the Liepaja Special
Economic Zone activities, distribution
information and market research to attract
• infrastructure development and;
• provision of services for the Liepaja SEZ companies.
The Budget of the Liepaja Special
Economic Zone is constituted of:
• the revenues gained from the activity of the Liepaja
Special Economic Zone Authority;
• revenues from the privatization of the state and
municipal enterprises located in the
territory of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone;
• contributions from the special programs of the state
and local government budgets;
• contributions from various funds.
The Budget of the Liepaja Special
Economic Zone is spent for:
• funding the Liepaja SEZ Authority and its programs;
• development of infrastructure at the Liepaja Special
Economic Zone territory;
• purchasing pf the real estate within the territory of
the Liepaja Special Economic Zone.
Liepajas port today
Today the Port of Liepaja looks very much like a
construction site – new berths are being built
and reconstructed, new infrastructure
elements, such as railway and truck access
roads are being built.
Thank you for your
attention. :)

The Port of Liepaja